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Acta Botanica Croatica

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Morphometric variation and taxonomic identification of thirteen wild rose populations from Tunisia

Zohra Ben Cheikh-Affene
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Horticultural Science and Landscape, Higher Agronomic Institute, University of Sousse, 4042 Chott-Mariem, Sousse, Tunisia
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Faouzi Haouala
  • Department of Agronomy and Plant Biotechnology, National Institute of Agronomy of Tunisia, University of Carthage, 43 avenue Charles Nicolle, 1082 Tunis Mahrajene, Tunisia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Fethia Harzallah-Skhiri
  • Laboratory of Genetic, Biodiversity and Valorisation of Bioresources (LR11SE14), High Institute of Biotechnology of Monastir, University of Monastir, rue Tahar Haddad, Monastir 5000, Tunisia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-04-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2015-0008


Thirteen populations of wild roses (Rosa L.) growing in northern and central Tunisia have been used for studies on the discrimination between accessions and populations. Thirty-eight morphological characters related to the branches, prickles, leaves and corymbs were measured on the collected accessions to study the phenotypic diversity among and within species. Principal component and hierarchical cluster analyses (PCA and HCA) separated rose accessions into two distinctive groups and eight subgroups. A taxonomic interpretation of the morphological variability has shown that Tunisian rose populations belong to two sections (Synstylae and Caninae) of the genus Rosa. Moreover, they have been identified as seven separated taxa: R. sempervirens L., R. sempervirens var. submoshata Rouy., R. sempervirens var. prostrata Lindl. belonging to Synstylae section and R. canina L., R. agrestis Savi., R. micrantha Smith. and R. dumetorum Thuill. belonging to Caninae section. PCA and HCA proved that morphological characters used in taxonomic identification such as styles form, leaf and leaflets length, number of flowers by corymb, leaflet serration, presence of glands in leaflet, peduncle, receptacle and sepal have a high value of discrimination, and have been very successful in morphological identification.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords : Caninae section; morphometry; Synstylae section; taxonomic differentiation; wild roses


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About the article

Published Online: 2015-04-07

Published in Print: 2015-03-01

Citation Information: Acta Botanica Croatica, Volume 74, Issue 1, Pages 1–17, ISSN (Online) 0365-0588, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2015-0008.

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© by Zohra Ben Cheikh-Affene. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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