Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Botanica Lithuanica

The Journal of Nature Research Centre, Institute of Botany

2 Issues per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2029-932X
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Helianthus Grosseserratus, A New Alien Plant Species in Lithuania

Zigmantas Gudžinskas / Lukas Petrulaitis
  • Siauliai University, Faculty of Technology and Natural Sciences, Department of Environmental Research, Vilniaus Str. 141, LT-76353 Siauliai, Lithuania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-02-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/botlit-2014-0018

Abstract

Helianthus grosseserratus M. Martens was first recorded in Lithuania in 2014. Rather large population of this species was found in Siauliai district (northern Lithuania), in the vicinity of Bridai village, on the territory of recultivated former municipal dump. This species can be easily distinguished from other perennial Helianthus species by glabrous stem, long, serrate, alternate leaves on the upper part of the stem and spindle-shaped roots. Supposedly, H. grosseserratus was brought to the area with garden waste or soil used for dump recultivation about 30 years ago and recently it has established in the locality. In the investigated capitula, no developed seeds were found. H. grosseserratus reproduces vegetatively by rhizomes and under favourable conditions can survive for a long time.

Key words: alien species; Asteraceae; dumps; Helianthus; identification; morphology

References

  • Eggers S.D., Reed D.M., 1997: Wetland plants and communities of Minnesota and Wisconsin. - St. Paul.Google Scholar

  • Gudžinskas Z., 1997: Conspectus of alien plant species of Lithuania. 4. Asteraceae. – Bot. Lith., 3(4): 335–366.Google Scholar

  • Gudžinskas Z., 1999: Lietuvos induočiai augalai. – Vilnius.Google Scholar

  • Heiser C.B., Smith S.M., Clevenger S.B., Martin W.C., 1969: The North American sunflowers (Helianthus). - Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club, 22: 1-218.Google Scholar

  • Karlsson T., 1998: Förteckning över svenska kár-lváxter. - Svensk Bot. Tidskr., 91: 241-560.Google Scholar

  • Kays S.J., Nottingham S.F., 2008: Biology and Chemistry of Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.). - Boca Raton.Google Scholar

  • Madsen H.E.S., Lyck G., 1991: Introducerede planter. Forvildede og adventive arter. - K0benhavn-H0rsholm.Google Scholar

  • Protopopova V.V., 1994: Helianthus L. - In: Tzve-lev N.N. (ed.), Flora evropejskoj casti SSSR, 7: 27-32. - Sankt-Peterburg.Google Scholar

  • Schilling E.E., 2006: Helianthus. - In: Flora of North America north of Mexico, 21: 141-169. -New York.Google Scholar

  • Seiler G.J., Gulya T.J., 2004: Exploration for wild Helianthus species in North America: challenges and opportunities in the search for global treasures. - In: Proceedings of the 16th International Sunflower Conference: 43-68. - Fargo.Google Scholar

  • Stuessy T.F., Spooner D.M., Evans K.A., 1986: Adaptive significance of ray corollas in Helianthus grosseserratus (Compositae). - American Midland Naturalist, 115(1): 191-197.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2015-02-02


Citation Information: Botanica Lithuanica, ISSN (Online) 2029-932X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/botlit-2014-0018.

Export Citation

© 2015 Gudžinskas et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in