Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Botanica Marina

Editor-in-Chief: Dring, Matthew

IMPACT FACTOR 2015: 1.250

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.608
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.664
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 1.324

See all formats and pricing


Select Volume and Issue


Melanized halophilic fungi are eukaryotic members of microbial communities in hypersaline waters of solar salterns

Lorena Butinar1 / Silva Sonjak2 / Polona Zalar3 / Ana Plemenitaš4 / Nina Gunde-Cimerman5






Corresponding author

Citation Information: Botanica Marina. Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 73–79, ISSN (Online) 1437-4323, ISSN (Print) 0006-8055, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/BOT.2005.007, June 2005

Publication History

August 27, 2003
January 3, 2005
Published Online:


Until recently, it was believed that microbial communities at high salinities are dominated exclusively by Archaea and Bacteria and one eukaryotic species, the alga Dunaliella salina. Recently, it became evident that melanized fungi, so far described only in the crystallization pond of Adriatic salterns within the season of salt production, can be considered as a new group of eukaryotic halophiles. They were represented by black, yeast-like hyphomycetes: Hortaea werneckii, Phaeotheca triangularis, Trimmatostroma salinum, Aureobasidium pullulans, together with phylogenetically closely related Cladosporium species. In the present study, the distribution of the melanized fungal population in five different evaporating ponds in the Adriatic salterns [covering the entire salinity range (3–30% NaCl)] was followed throughout the year. It appeared in three peaks, at 5–8%, 10–20% and 18–25% NaCl, which correlated primarily with high nitrogen values. At the highest environmental salinities, melanized fungi represented 85–100% of the total isolated mycobiota, but with lowering salinities they were partially replaced by non-melanized fungi and, at the end of the season, with NaCl concentrations below 5%, they were detected only occasionally. Melanized fungi have been isolated from hypersaline waters on three continents, indicating that they are present globally in hypersaline waters of man-made salterns.

Keywords: black yeasts; Cladosporium; hypersaline water; melanized fungi; salterns

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Prem Lal Kashyap, Anuradha Rai, Ruchi Singh, Hillol Chakdar, Sudheer Kumar, and Alok Kumar Srivastava
Journal of Basic Microbiology, 2015, Page n/a
Janja Zajc, Sašo Džeroski, Dragi Kocev, Aharon Oren, Silva Sonjak, Rok Tkavc, and Nina Gunde-Cimerman
Frontiers in Microbiology, 2014, Volume 5
Anja Kejžar, Morten Grötli, Markus J. Tamás, Ana Plemenitaš, and Metka Lenassi
Fungal Genetics and Biology, 2015, Volume 74, Page 45
Mona S.S. Al Tamie
Research Journal of Microbiology, 2014, Volume 9, Number 6, Page 287
P. Zalar, G.S. de Hoog, H.-J. Schroers, P.W. Crous, J.Z. Groenewald, and N. Gunde-Cimerman
Studies in Mycology, 2007, Volume 58, Page 157
Kristina Sepcic, Polona Zalar, and Nina Gunde-Cimerman
Marine Drugs, 2010, Volume 9, Number 1, Page 43
Shuying Feng, Xuebing Li, Zhengshun Xu, and Jingjiao Qi
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2014, Volume 98, Number 10, Page 4293
Sarah Evans, Ryan W. Hansen, Heather M. Stone, and Mark A. Schneegurt
Cryptogamie, Mycologie, 2013, Volume 34, Number 4, Page 329
Corrado Nai, Helen Y. Wong, Annette Pannenbecker, William J. Broughton, Isabelle Benoit, Ronald P. de Vries, Cécile Gueidan, and Anna A. Gorbushina
Fungal Genetics and Biology, 2013, Volume 56, Page 54
S. Onofri, A. Anastasi, G. Del Frate, S. Di Piazza, N. Garnero, M. Guglielminetti, D. Isola, L. Panno, C. Ripa, L. Selbmann, G. C. Varese, S. Voyron, M. Zotti, and L. Zucconi
Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, 2011, Volume 145, Number 4, Page 978
Nina Gunde-Cimerman, Jose Ramos, and Ana Plemenitaš
Mycological Research, 2009, Volume 113, Number 11, Page 1231
Sharon A. Cantrell, Lilliam Casillas-Martínez, and Marirosa Molina
Mycological Research, 2006, Volume 110, Number 8, Page 962
Sharon A. Cantrell and Claribel Baez-Félix
Fungal Ecology, 2010, Volume 3, Number 4, Page 402
Guadalupe Piñar, Katrin Ripka, Johannes Weber, and Katja Sterflinger
International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 2009, Volume 63, Number 7, Page 851
Lorena Butinar, Jens C. Frisvad, and Nina Gunde-Cimerman
FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2011, Volume 77, Number 1, Page 186
Azza A.S. Al-Musallam, Haya F. Al-Sammar, and Najat A. Al-Sané
Botanica Marina, 2011, Volume 54, Number 1
Rok Tkavc, Cene Gostinčar, Martina Turk, Pieter T. Visscher, Aharon Oren, and Nina Gunde-Cimerman
FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2011, Volume 75, Number 1, Page 48
Katarina Furtwängler, Valery Tarasov, Andy Wende, Christoph Schwarz, and Dieter Oesterhelt
Molecular Microbiology, 2010, Volume 76, Number 2, Page 378
Cene Gostinčar, Martin Grube, Sybren De Hoog, Polona Zalar, and Nina Gunde-Cimerman
FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2010, Volume 71, Number 1, Page 2
A. Hosseini Tafreshi and M. Shariati
Journal of Applied Microbiology, 2009, Volume 107, Number 1, Page 14

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.