Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Botanica Marina

Editor-in-Chief: Dring, Matthew J.

6 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.989
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.204

CiteScore 2017: 1.00

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.297
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.454

Online
ISSN
1437-4323
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 56, Issue 5-6

Issues

Historical and present distribution of Zostera marina in the high north (Troms County, northern Norway) – a decline over the last century

Nina M. Jørgensen
  • Corresponding author
  • Akvaplan-niva, High North Research Centre on Climate and the Environment (FRAM), N-9296 Tromsø, Norway
  • Norwegian Polar Institute, High North Research Centre on Climate and the Environment (FRAM), N-9296 Tromsø, Norway
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Trine Bekkby
  • Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Gaustadalléen 21, N-0349 Oslo, Norway
  • Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1172 Blindern, N-0318 Oslo, Norway
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2013-11-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2013-0040

Abstract

Eelgrass meadows (Zostera marina) have been mapped in Troms (Norway), in the temperate northeast Atlantic, north of the polar circle, from 2008 to 2011. In this region, there is little knowledge of the distribution of the eelgrass meadows. Northern Norway has an extensive coastline with many pressures and stakeholders. Old records (back to 1900) have been revisited and new locations surveyed based on a combination of spatial modeling, using digital information on depth, slope, and wave exposure and stakeholder recommendations. The results showed that 42% of the previously mapped locations had disappeared. However, we found Z. marina meadows at seven locations where they had not previously been recorded. Most meadows (66%) were smaller than 10,000 m2. The largest meadow covered an area of 325,000 m2, and was located in Balsfjorden. The results clearly show that Z. marina is able to form actively growing stands even at ∼70°N. Three of the meadows were first registered over 100 years ago, indicating long-lived stands in stable conditions. This study cannot explain the causes for the observed decline, and only discusses possible relations. The eelgrass meadows are genetically isolated but yet diverse. Management at fjord range level is required to maintain healthy and stable stands of eelgrass meadows in this region.

Keywords: decline; eelgrass; high north; mapping; Norway; Zostera marina

References

  • Abe, M., N. Hashimoto, A. Kurashima and M. Maegawa. 2003. Estimation of light requirement for the growth of Zostera marina in central Japan. Fish. Sci. 69: 890–895.Google Scholar

  • Baden, S.P. and L. Pihl. 1984. Abundance, biomass and production of mobile epibenthic fauna of Zostera marina (L.) meadows, western Sweden. Ophelia 23: 65–90.Google Scholar

  • Baden, S.P. and C. Boström. 2001. The leaf canopy of seagrass beds: faunal community structure and function in a salinity gradient along the Swedish coast. In: (K. Reise, ed.) Ecological comparison of sedimentary shores. Vol. 151. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp. 213–236.Google Scholar

  • Bekkby, T., E. Rinde, L. Erikstad, V. Bakkestuen, O. Longva, O. Christensen, M. Isæus and P.E. Isachsen. 2008. Spatial probability modelling of eelgrass (Zostera marina) distribution on the west coast of Norway. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 65: 1093–1101.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Bekkby, T., F.E. Moy, H. Olsen, E. Rinde, T. Bodvin, R. Bøe, H. Steen, E.S. Grefsrud, S.E. Espeland, A. Pedersen and N.M. Jørgensen. 2013. The Norwegian program for mapping of marine habitats – providing knowledge and maps for ICZMP. Chapter 2. In: (E. Moksness, E. Dahl and J. Støttrup, eds.) Global challenges in integrated coastal zone management. Vol II. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK. ISBN 9780470657560. pp. 21–30.Google Scholar

  • Benum, P. 1958. The flora of Troms fylke. Tromsø museums skrifter Vol. VI.Google Scholar

  • Berger, V.Ya. 2011. Production of the eelgrass, Zostera marina (Linnaeus 1753) in the White Sea. Russ. J. Mar. Biol. 37: 371–375.Google Scholar

  • Borg, Å., L. Pihl and H. Wennhage. 1997. Habitat choice by juvenile cod (Gadus morhua L.) on sandy soft bottoms with different vegetation types. Helgoländer Meeresunters. 51: 197–212.Google Scholar

  • Boström, C. and E. Bonsdorff. 1997. Community structure and spatial variation of benthic invertebrates associated with Zostera marina (L.) in the northern Baltic Sea. J. Sea Res. 37: 153–166.Google Scholar

  • Boström, C. and J. Mattila. 1999. The relative importance of food and shelter for seagrass-associated invertebrates: a latitudinal comparison of habitat choice by isopod grazers. Oecologia 120: 162–170.Google Scholar

  • Boström, C. and E. Bonsdorff. 2000. Zoobenthic community establishment and habitat complexity – the importance of seagrass shoot-density, morphology and physical disturbance for faunal recruitment. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 205: 123–138.Google Scholar

  • den Hartog, C. 1970. Seagrasses of the world. Verh. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetens. Afd. Naturk. Ser. 259:1–275+31 plates.Google Scholar

  • Duarte, C.M. and C.L. Chiscano. 1999. Seagrass biomass and production: a reassessment. Aquat. Bot. 65: 159–174.Google Scholar

  • Duarte, C.M., R. Martínez and C. Barrón. 2002. Biomass, production and rhizome growths near the northern limit of seagrass (Zostera marina) distribution. Aquat. Bot. 72: 183–189.Google Scholar

  • Duarte, C.M., N. Marba, D. Krause-Jensen and M. Sanchez-Camacho. 2007. Testing the predictive power of seagrass depth limit models. Estuar. Coast. 30: 652–656.Google Scholar

  • Engelskjøn, T. and O. Skifte. 1995. The vascular plants of Troms, North Norway. Tromura. Naturvitenskap nr. 80.Google Scholar

  • Fjøsne, K. and J. Gjøsæter. 1996. Dietary composition and the potential food competition between 0-group cod (Gadus morhua L.) and some other fish species in the littoral zone. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 53: 757–770.Google Scholar

  • Fredriksen, S. and H. Christie. 2003. Zostera marina (Angiospermae) and Fucus serratus (Pheophyceae) as habitat for flora and fauna – seasonal and local variation. In: (A.R.O. Chapman, R.J. Anderson, V.J. Vreeland and I.R. Davison, eds.) Proceedings from the 17th International Seaweed Symposium, Cape Town, 2001. Oxford University Press, Oxford. pp. 357–364.Google Scholar

  • Fredriksen, S., H. Christie and C. Boström. 2004. Deterioration of eelgrass (Zostera marina L) through destructive grazing by the gastropod Rissoa membranacea (J. Adams). Sarsia 89: 218–222.Google Scholar

  • Gotceitas, V., S. Fraser and J.A. Brown. 1997. Use of eelgrass beds (Zostera marina) by juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Can. J. Fish. Aq. Sci. 54: 1306–1319.Google Scholar

  • Grant, S.M. and J.A. Brown. 1998. Diel foraging cycles and interactions among juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) at a nearshore site in Newfoundland. Can. J. Fish. Aq. Sci. 55: 1307–1316.Google Scholar

  • Krause-Jensen, D., T. Greve and K. Nielsen. 2005. Eelgrass as a bioindicator under the European Water Framework Directive. Water Resour. Manage. 19: 63–75.Google Scholar

  • Lid, J. and D.T. Lid. 1994. Lids flora. 6. utgave ved R. Elven. Det Norske Samlaget.Google Scholar

  • Muehlstein, L. 1989. Perspectives on the wasting disease of eelgrass Zostera marina. Dis. Aquat. Org. 7: 211–221.Google Scholar

  • Normann, J.M. 1900. Norges arktiske flora. Del I. Speciel plantetopografi. Oscar Andersens bogtrykkeri, i kommisjon hos H. Aschehoug.Google Scholar

  • Olesen, B., D. Krauss-Jensen, N. Marbà and P.B. Christensen. 2011. Biomass and production of sub-arctic eelgrass (Zostera marina) meadows in Greenland. Poster at the 21st Biennial Conference of the Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation, Daytona Beach, Florida, USA.Google Scholar

  • Olsen, J.L., W.T. Stam, J.A. Coyer, T.B.H. Reusch, M. Billingham, C. Boström, E. Calvert, H. Christie, S. Granger, R. La Lumiere, N. Milchakova, M.-P. Oudot Le-Secq, G. Procaccini, B. Sanjabi, E. Serrâo, J. Veldsink, S. Widdicombe and S. Wyllie-Echeverria. 2004. North Atlantic phylogeography and large-scale population differentiation of the seagrass Zostera marina L. Mol. Ecol. 13: 1923–1941.Google Scholar

  • Olsen, J.L., J.A. Coyer, W.T. Stam, F.E. Moy, H. Christie and N.M. Jørgensen. 2013. Eelgrass, Zostera marina, populations in northern Norwegian fjords are genetically isolated and diverse. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 486: 121–132.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Orth, R.J., T.J.B. Carruthers, W.C. Dennison, C.M. Duarte, J.W. Fourqurean, K.L. Heck, Jr., A.R. Hughes, G.A. Kendrikck, W.J. Kenworthy, S. Olyarnik, F.T. Short, M. Waycott and S.L. Williams. 2006. A global crisis for seagrass ecosystems. Bioscience 56: 978–996.Google Scholar

  • Short, F., T. Carruthers, E. Dennison and M. Waycott. 2007. Global seagrass distribution and diversity: a bioregional model. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 350: 3–20.Google Scholar

  • Waycott, M., C.M. Duarte, T.J.B. Carruthers, R.J. Orth, W.C. Dennison, S. Olyarnik, A. Calladine, J.W. Fourqurean, K.L. Heck, Jr., A. Randall Hughes, G.A. Kendrick, W. Judson Kenworthy, F.T. Short and S.L. Williams. 2009. Accelerating loss of seagrasses across the globe threatens coastal ecosystems. PNAS 106: 12377–12381.Google Scholar

  • Williams, S.L. and K.L. Heck, Jr. 2001. Seagrass community ecology. In: (M.D. Bertness, S.D. Gaines and M. Hay, eds.) Marine community ecology. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland. pp. 317–337.Google Scholar

About the article

Corresponding author: Nina M. Jørgensen, Akvaplan-niva, High North Research Centre on Climate and the Environment (FRAM), N-9296 Tromsø, Norway; and Norwegian Polar Institute, High North Research Centre on Climate and the Environment (FRAM), N-9296 Tromsø, Norway, e-mail:


Received: 2013-04-23

Accepted: 2013-10-30

Published Online: 2013-11-26

Published in Print: 2013-12-01


Citation Information: Botanica Marina, Volume 56, Issue 5-6, Pages 425–430, ISSN (Online) 1437-4323, ISSN (Print) 0006-8055, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2013-0040.

Export Citation

©2013 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Louise Eriander, Eduardo Infantes, Malin Olofsson, Jeanine L. Olsen, and Per-Olav Moksnes
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 2016, Volume 479, Page 76
[2]
B Olesen, D Krause-Jensen, N Marbà, and PB Christensen
Marine Ecology Progress Series, 2015, Volume 518, Page 107

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in