Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Botanica Marina

Editor-in-Chief: Dring, Matthew J.

6 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.239
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.373

CiteScore 2016: 1.28

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.456
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.841

Online
ISSN
1437-4323
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 58, Issue 6 (Dec 2015)

Issues

The South African estuarine specialist Codium tenue (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) discovered in a south-western Australian estuary

John M. Huisman
  • Corresponding author
  • School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, 6150 WA, Australia
  • Science Division, Department of Parks and Wildlife, Locked Bag 104, Bentley Delivery Centre, 6983 WA, Australia
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Rainbo R.M. Dixon / Felicity N. Hart / Heroen Verbruggen / Robert J. Anderson
  • Fisheries Research, Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Private Bag X2, 8012 Roggebaai, South Africa
  • Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, 7701 Rondebosch, South Africa
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-11-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2015-0058

Abstract

Codium tenue, previously known reliably only from estuarine habitats in South Africa, is recorded from a similar habitat in the Walpole and Nornalup Inlet system, on the south coast of Western Australia. The Australian C. tenue has a repeatedly divaricately dichotomously branched thallus to 11.5 cm in height, with markedly compressed axes up to 1 cm in width at branch dichotomies, but distally attenuating to terete branch apices. Structurally, thalli have cortices with distinctive cuneate utricles up to 1310 μm long and 650 μm in diameter. Both the habit and structural morphology essentially agree with C. tenue as known in South Africa. Sequences generated from the Australian specimens are also wholly comparable with those of South African specimens newly generated in this study. While similarly disjunct South African/Western Australian distributions are known for other algae, that of C. tenue is particularly remarkable in that the species is apparently an estuarine specialist.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords: Australia; Codiaceae; Codium tenue; disjunct distribution; South Africa

References

  • Chang, J-S., C-F. Dai and J. Chang. 2002. A taxonomic and karyological study of the Codium geppiorum complex (Chlorophyta) in southern Taiwan, including the description of Codium nanwanense sp. nov. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 43: 161–170.Google Scholar

  • Dawson, E.Y. 1957. An annotated list of marine algae from Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands. Pacific Sci. 11: 92–132.Google Scholar

  • De Clerck, O., H. Verbruggen, J.M. Huisman, E. Faye, F. Leliaert, T. Schils and E. Coppejans. 2008. Systematics and biogeography of the genus Pseudocodium (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta), including the description of P. natalense sp. nov. from South Africa. Phycologia 47: 225–235.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • DEC. 2009. Walpole and Nornalup Inlets Marine Park Management Plan 2009–2019. Department of Environment & Conservation, Perth, Western Australia.Google Scholar

  • Dixon, R.R.M., J.M. Huisman, J. Buchanan, C.F. Gurgel and P. Spencer. 2012. A morphological and molecular study of austral Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) supports the recognition of Phyllotricha at genus level, with further additions to the genus Sargassopsis. J. Phycol. 48: 1119–1129.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Dixon, R.R.M., L. Mattio, J.M. Huisman, C.E. Payri, J.J. Bolton and C.F. Gurgel. 2014. North meets south – Taxonomic and biogeographic implications of a phylogenetic assessment of Sargassum subgenera Arthrophycus and Bactrophycus. Phycologia 53: 15–22.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Drummond, A.J. and A. Rambaut. 2007. BEAST: Bayesian evolutionary analysis by sampling trees. BMC Evol. Biol. 7: 214.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Drummond, A.J., S.Y.W. Ho, M.J. Phillips and A. Rambaut. 2006. Relaxed phylogenetics and dating with confidence. PLoS Biol. 4: 88.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Drummond, A.J., B. Ashton, S. Buxton, M. Cheung, A. Cooper, J. Heled, M. Kearse, R. Moir, S. Stones-Havas, S. Sturrock, T. Thiererand and A. Wilson. 2011. Geneious v5.5, Available from http://www.geneious.com.

  • Famà, P., B. Wysor, W.H.C.F. Kooistra and G.C. Zuccarello. 2002. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) inferred from chloroplast tufA gene. J. Phycol. 38: 1040–1050.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Fernie, L. and G. Fernie. 1989. In praise of a National Park. Privately published, Lee and Geoff Fernie, Walpole. 88 pp.Google Scholar

  • Guindon, S. and O. Gascuel. 2003. A simple, fast, and accurate algorithm to estimate large phylogenies by maximum likelihood. Syst. Biol. 52: 696–704.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Guiry, M.D. and G.M. Guiry. 2015. AlgaeBase. Worldwide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org.

  • Hart, F. and J.M. Huisman. 2010. The taxonomy and pest potential of the genus Codium in Western Australia. Australasian Society for Phycology and Aquatic Botany Conference, Rottnest Island, Western Australia, 15–18 November 2010.Google Scholar

  • Hewitt, C.L. 2003. The diversity of likely impacts of introduced marine species in Australian waters. Rec. South Aust. Mus. Monogr. Ser. 7: 3–10.Google Scholar

  • Hommersand, M.H. 1986. The biogeography of the South African marine red algae: a model. Bot. Mar. 29: 257–270.Google Scholar

  • Hommersand, M.H. 2007. Global biogeography and relationships of the Australian marine macroalgae. In: (P.M. McCarthy and A.E. Orchard, eds) Algae of Australia: Introduction. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra and CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, pp. 511–542.Google Scholar

  • Huisman, J.M., D.S. Jones, F.E. Wells and T. Burton. 2008. Introduced marine biota in Western Australian waters. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 25: 1–44.Google Scholar

  • Huisman, J.M., A.J. Kendrick and M.J. Rule. 2011. Benthic algae and seagrasses of the Walpole and Nornalup Inlets Marine Park, Western Australia. J. Roy. Soc. West. Aust. 94: 29–44.Google Scholar

  • Kützing, F.T. 1856. Tabulae phycologicae; oder, Abbildungen der Tange. Vol. VI. Gedruckt auf kosten des Verfassers (in commission bei W. Köhne), Nordhausen. pp. i–iv, 1–35, 100 pls.Google Scholar

  • Lüning, K., 1990. Seaweeds. Their Environment, Biogeography and Ecophysiology. Wiley Interscience, New York. pp. [i]–xii, 1–527.Google Scholar

  • McDonald, J., J.M. Huisman, F.N. Hart, R.R.M. Dixon and J.A. Lewis. 2015. The first detection of the invasive macroalga Codium fragile ssp. fragile in Western Australia. Bioinvasion Rec.4: 75–80.Google Scholar

  • Oliveira-Carvalho, M.F., S.M.B. Pereira and F.F. Pedroche. 2010. Taxonomy and distribution of the green algal genus Codium (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) in Brazil. Nova Hedwigia 91: 87–109.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Oliveira-Carvalho, M.F., M.C. Oliveira, S.M.B. Pereira and H. Verbruggen. 2012. Phylogenetic analysis of Codium species from Brazil, with the description of the new species C. pernambucensis (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta). Eur. J. Phycol. 47: 355–365.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Payri, C.E. and H. Verbruggen. 2009. Pseudocodium mucronatum, a new species from New Caledonia, and an analysis of the evolution of climatic preferences in the genus (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta). J. Phycol. 45: 953–961.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Posada, D. 2008. jModelTest: Phylogenetic Model Averaging. Mol. Biol. Evol. 25: 1253–1256.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Provan, J., S. Murphy and C.A. Maggs. 2004. Universal plastid primers for Chlorophyta and Rhodophyta. Eur. J. Phycol. 39: 43–50.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Rothman, M.D., L. Mattio, T. Wernberg, R.J. Anderson, S. Uwai, M.B. Mohring and J.J. Bolton. 2015. A molecular investigation of the genus Ecklonia (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) with special focus on the Southern Hemisphere. J. Phycol. 51: 236–246.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Shimada, S., M. Hiraoka, Y. Serisawa and T. Horiguchi. 2004. Phylogenetic studies in the genus Codium (Chlorophyta) from Japan. Jap. J. Phycol. 52(Supplement): 137–141.Google Scholar

  • Silva, P.C. 1959. The genus Codium (Chlorophyta) in South Africa. J. S. Afr. Bot. 25: 103–165.Google Scholar

  • Silva, P.C. and M.E. Chacana. 2012. Codium apiculatum (Codiaceae, Chlorophyta), a new species from southern and southwestern Australia. Cryptog. Algol. 33: 35–40.Google Scholar

  • Silva, P.C. and H.B.S. Womersley. 1956. The genus Codium (Chlorophyta) in southern Australia. Aust. J. Bot. 4: 261–289.Google Scholar

  • Smit, A.J., M. Roberts, R.J. Anderson, F. Dufois, S.F.J. Dudley, T.G. Bornman, J. Olbers and J.J. Bolton. 2013. A coastal seawater temperature dataset for biogeographical studies: large biases between in situ and remotely-sensed data sets around the coast of South Africa. PLoS ONE 8: e81944.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Taylor, W.R. 1950. Plants of Bikini and other northern Marshall Islands. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor. pp. xv+227.Google Scholar

  • Verbruggen, H. and J.F. Costa. (2015). Molecular survey of Codium species diversity in southern Madagascar. Cryptog. Algol. 36: 171–187.Google Scholar

  • Verbruggen, H., F. Leliaert, C.A. Maggs, S. Shimada, T. Schils, J. Provan, D. Booth, S. Murphy, O. De Clerck, D.S. Littler, M.M. Littler and E. Coppejans. 2007. Species boundaries and phylogenetic relationships within the green algal genus Codium (Bryopsidales) based on plastid DNA sequences. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 44: 240–254.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Verbruggen, H., K. Pauly and O. De Clerck. 2012. The new species Codium recurvatum from Tanzania. Eur. J. Phycol. 47: 216–222.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Womersley, H.B.S. 1984. The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Part I. Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia. pp. 329.Google Scholar

  • Zeller, M. Van. 2008. Codium confirmed in Albany Harbour. Western Fisheries 2008: 13.Google Scholar

About the article

John M. Huisman

John M. Huisman is a research fellow at Murdoch University in Perth, Western Australia. He earned his PhD at the University of Melbourne, where he developed his interests in the taxonomy of marine macroalgae. After moving to Perth he embarked on an ambitious lifelong project to document (by description and photographically) the seaweeds of Australia’s west coast, an undertaking disrupted briefly in 2002–2003 when he spent a rewarding sojourn at the University of Hawaii. John has authored several books, including Marine Plants of Australia and Hawaiian Reef Plants, and is presently writing a book on the marine flora of tropical Western Australia.

Rainbo R.M. Dixon

Rainbo R.M. Dixon completed undergraduate studies in Science at the University of Melbourne in 2005 with an honours project on the ethnobotany of marine plants in Vanuatu, supervised by Dr. Gerry Kraft. She undertook PhD studies at Murdoch University under the supervision of Dr. John Huisman looking at taxonomy and phylogenetics in the brown algal genus Sargassum, completing in 2015. Rainbo currently work in the research group of Professor Andrew Lowe at the University of Adelaide on DNA timber tracking.

Felicity N. Hart

Felicity N. Hart completed her BSc (Hons.) at Murdoch University in 2010, her research topic assessing the diversity and pest potential of Codium in Western Australia. She currently works as a botanical consultant.

Heroen Verbruggen

Heroen Verbruggen is a senior lecturer in the School of Biosciences at the University of Melbourne. Research in his lab focuses on the evolutionary diversification of marine algae, using molecular phylogenetics to explore their diversification and answer specific questions about their evolution. Systematic research is also a focus, including the question how molecular and morphometric data can complement one another in algal species delimitation.

Robert J. Anderson

Robert J. Anderson obtained his PhD at the University of Cape Town in 1982 and since then has been employed as a seaweed biologist by the Fisheries Department of the South African government, where he is responsible for research on seaweed resources. He is also an honorary Associate Professor at UCT. He is interested in most aspects of seaweed biology, including ecology, biogeography and taxonomy.


Corresponding author: John M. Huisman, School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, 6150 WA, Australia; and W.A. Herbarium, Science Division, Department of Parks and Wildlife, Locked Bag 104, Bentley Delivery Centre, 6983 WA, Australia, e-mail:


Received: 2015-07-21

Accepted: 2015-09-30

Published Online: 2015-11-05

Published in Print: 2015-12-01


Citation Information: Botanica Marina, ISSN (Online) 1437-4323, ISSN (Print) 0006-8055, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2015-0058.

Export Citation

©2015 by De Gruyter. Copyright Clearance Center

Supplementary Article Materials

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Razy Hoffman, Michael J. Wynne, Tom Schils, Juan Lopez-Bautista, and Heroen Verbruggen
Phycologia, 2018, Volume 57, Number 1, Page 79

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in