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Botanica Marina

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Volume 59, Issue 6

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Fate of two invasive or potentially invasive alien seaweeds in a central Mediterranean transitional water system: failure and success

Ester Cecere / Giorgio Alabiso / Roberto Carlucci / Antonella Petrocelli
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute for the Marine Coastal Environment (IAMC) – CNR, via Roma 3, 74123 Taranto, Italy, Fax: +39 0994542215
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marc Verlaque
  • Aix Marseille Université, CNRS/INSU, Université de Toulon, IRD, Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography (MIO), UM 110, GIS Posidonie, 13288 Marseille, France
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-11-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2016-0053

Abstract

Over the past 15 years, populations of two invasive or potentially invasive alien seaweeds have been studied by means of both quantitative and qualitative methods in the Mar Piccolo basin in Taranto (Southern Italy, Mediterranean Sea). The dynamics of the cold-temperate brown seaweed Undaria pinnatifida (Alariaceae, Laminariales) showed a boom-and-bust path, ending in apparent local extinction. In contrast, the tropical red seaweed Hypnea cornuta (Cystocloniaceae, Gigartinales) has shown a steadily invasive path since its introduction. The respective failure and success of these marine alien species were analysed in relation to their biological and ecological traits and the environmental characteristics of the Mar Piccolo in comparison with other Mediterranean coastal lagoons. The study confirms that temperature and salinity monitoring in the recipient region could provide a first estimation of the invasive potential of an alien species soon after its introduction.

Keywords: alien species; Hypnea cornuta; Mediterranean Sea; transitional water systems (TWS); Undaria pinnatifida

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About the article

Ester Cecere

Ester Cecere is Senior Researcher and head of the Phycology Laboratory. The main topics of her studies are: biodiversity of marine benthic macroalgae; floristic and vegetational studies of marine benthic communities, in particular in Transitional Water Systems; cultivation of economically important marine benthic macroalgae; biology of marine benthic macroalgae, with particular reference to the vegetative propagation; bioremediation with marine benthic macroalgae (CO2 sequestration, nutrient abatement); evaluation of anthropic impact; taxonomy, biology and physio-ecology of marine benthic macroalgae, in particular non-indigenous species.

Giorgio Alabiso

Giorgio Alabiso is Researcher (retired) and head of the Oceanography Laboratory. His research activity is focused on: studies on the interference of marine biofilm on corrosion resistance of stainless steels in polar sea water; studies on chemical-physical conditions of seawater and on biochemical composition of particulate matter; planning of cells for carbon dioxide sequestration by seaweeds; planning of a photobioreactor for CO2 sequestration by marine biomasses for biodiesel production; planning pilot plants for interdisciplinary studies (biological and corrosionistic); bioremediation by seaweeds; studies on nutrient uptake by seaweeds.

Roberto Carlucci

Roberto Carlucci is Assistant Professor in Ecology. His main research interest is focused on the application of biological, statistical and mathematical models to marine ecology and population dynamics. In particular, his research is oriented to provide scientific advice to regional, national and EU administrations for the setting of the best practice in the Mediterranean for a sustainable exploitation of marine resources. He uses the statistical and geostatistical packages (SPSS, Statistica, PRIMER V, ISATIS – Geovariance) and ARCVIEW GIS. He has (co)-authored more than 70 scientific publications in congress proceedings, national and international ISI journals. RC is a reviewer for international ISI journals.

Antonella Petrocelli

Antonella Petrocelli is a researcher at the Phycology Laboratory. Her research activity deals with marine biology, phycology and ecology with regard to: biodiversity; habitat destruction; bioremediation; biotechnologies; ecophysiology; alien seaweeds; cultivation in little and meso scale of marine macroalgae; floristic and vegetational studies in marine benthic communities; biology of seaweeds with particular reference to vegetative propagation; active metabolites from marine macroalgae; ecophysiology of seaweeds with particular reference to photosynthesis; seagrasses.

Marc Verlaque

Marc Verlaque is a retired researcher who continues his research activities in the GIS Posidonie, a non-profit organization hosted by the Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography (Aix-Marseille University). His study fields deal with marine macrophytes (algae and sea grasses), biology of conservation and species invasions, marine ecology, taxonomy, biogeography and phylogeny.


Received: 2016-06-14

Accepted: 2016-10-12

Published Online: 2016-11-12

Published in Print: 2016-12-01


Citation Information: Botanica Marina, Volume 59, Issue 6, Pages 451–462, ISSN (Online) 1437-4323, ISSN (Print) 0006-8055, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2016-0053.

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©2016 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston. Copyright Clearance Center

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Antonella Petrocelli, Boris Antolić, Luca Bolognini, Ester Cecere, Ivan Cvitković, Marija Despalatović, Annalisa Falace, Stefania Finotto, Ljiljana Iveša, Vesna Mačić, Mauro Marini, Martina Orlando-Bonaca, Fernando Rubino, Benedetta Trabucco, and Ante Žuljević
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