Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Botanica Marina

Editor-in-Chief: Dring, Matthew J.


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.919
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.336

CiteScore 2018: 1.22

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.399
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.672

Online
ISSN
1437-4323
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 62, Issue 5

Issues

Seaweed resources of Brazil: what has changed in 20 years?

Carmen Simioni
  • Corresponding author
  • Federal University of Santa Catarina, Department of Cellular Biology, Embryology and Genetics, Florianópolis, 88040-900, Brazil
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Leila Hayashi
  • Federal University of Santa Catarina, Department of Aquaculture, Florianópolis, 88034-001, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mariana C. Oliveira
Published Online: 2019-08-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2019-0021

Abstract

In 1998 Critchley and Ohno published the book Seaweed resources of the world presenting a synthesis of knowledge on the subject from different regions and countries globally. One chapter by E.C. Oliveira was focused on Brazil. In this article, we present an update of the economically relevant species of Brazilian seaweeds, and their distribution along the coastline, and what has changed over 20 years in the status of the exploited resources, the new species with commercial potential, and relevant legislation. The only introduced commercial species, Kappaphycus alvarezii, was economically exploited for a while in Rio de Janeiro State, but nowadays there are no commercial activities on a large scale. Gracilaria farms in the northeast are still on an artisanal scale, but the expansion of activity is compromised by legal and bureaucratic barriers. Regulations related to the exploitation of natural beds and to the introduction of new strains of K. alvarezii were created between 2006 and 2008. At the end of this article, we present a reflection of what lessons have been learned and what are the prospects for seaweed cultivation in Brazil.

Keywords: Brazilian seaweed flora; calcareous seaweed; mariculture; phycocolloids; regulation

References

  • Amado-Filho, G.M. and G.H. Pereira-Filho. 2012. Rhodolith beds in Brazil: a new potential habitat for marine bioprospection. Rev. Bras. Farmacogn. 22: 782–788.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Amado-Filho, G.M., R.L. Moura, A.C. Bastos, L.T. Salgado, P.Y. Sumida, A.Z. Guth, R.B. Francini-Filho, G.H. Pereira-Filho, D.P. Abrantes, P.S. Brasileiro, R.G. Bahia, R.N. Leal, L. Kaufman, J.A. Kleypas, M. Farina and F.L. Thompson. 2012. Rhodolith beds are major CaCO3 bio-factories in the tropical South West Atlantic. PLOS One 7: e3517.Google Scholar

  • Berchez, F.A.S., C.G. Tiago, S. Rosso, G. Dias and E. Oliveira. 2009. Structure of a coralline algal bed on southeastern Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. 13: 49–57.Google Scholar

  • Bertagnolli, C., A.P.D.M. Espindolab, S.J. Kleinübinga, L. Tasicb and M.G.C. Silva. 2014. Sargassum filipendula alginate from Brazil: seasonal influence and characteristics. Carbohydr. Polym. 111: 619–623.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bezerra, A.F. and E. Marinho-Soriano. 2010. Cultivation of the red seaweed Gracilaria birdiae (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) in tropical waters of northeast Brazil. Biomass Bioenerg. 34: 1813–1817.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • BRASIL. 2015. Lei No 13.123, de 20 de maio de 2015. Available in: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2015-2018/2015/Lei/L13123.htm. Accessed 25 January 2019.

  • Castelar, B., R.P. Reis, A. Moura and R. Kirk. 2009. Invasive potential of off the south coast of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil: a contribution to environmentally secure cultivation in the tropics. Bot. Mar. 52: 283–289.Google Scholar

  • Castelar, B., R.P. Reis and A.C.S. Calheiros. 2014. Ulva lactuca and U. flexuosa (Chlorophyta, Ulvophyceae) cultivation in Brazilian tropical waters: recruitment, growth, and ulvan yield. J. Appl. Phycol. 26: 1989–1999.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Castelar, B., M.F. Siqueira, A. Sanchez-Tapia and R.P. Reis. 2015. Risk analysis using species distribution modeling to support public policies for the alien alga Kappaphycus alvarezii aquaculture in Brazil. Aquaculture 446: 217–226.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Chapman, V.J. 1970. Seaweeds and their uses, 2nd edition. Methuen, London. pp. 304.Google Scholar

  • Chopin, T., A.H. Buschmann, C. Halling, M. Troell, N. Kautsky, A. Neori, G.P. Kraemer, J.A. ZertucheGonzález, C. Yarish and C. Neefus. 2001. Integrating seaweeds into marine aquaculture systems: a key toward sustainability. J. Phycol. 37: 975–986.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Emílson, I. 1960. The shelf and coastal waters off Southern Brazil. Inst. Ocean. da USP 144: 101–112.Google Scholar

  • FAO. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2018. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture: Opportunities and challenges. Rome. pp. 210.Google Scholar

  • Fernandes, D.R.P., V.P. de Oliveira and Y.Y. Valentin. 2014. Seaweed biotechnology in Brazil: Six decades of studies on natural products and their antibiotic and other biological activities. J. Appl. Phycol. 26: 1923–1937.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Flora do Brasil 2020 in construction. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Available in: http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br. Accessed 25 January 2019.

  • Hayashi, L., A.A. Santos, G.M.S Faria, B.G. Nunes, M.S. Souza, A.L.D. Fonseca, P.L.M Barreto, E.C. Oliveira and B.L. Bouzon. 2011. Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta, Areschougiaceae) cultivated in subtropical waters in Southern Brazil. J. Appl. Phycol. 23: 337–343.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hayashi, L., C. Bulboa, P. Kradolfer, G. Soriano and D. Robledo. 2014. Cultivation of red seaweeds: a Latin American perspective. J. Appl. Phycol. 26: 719–727.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hayashi, L., R.P. Reis, A.A. Santos, B. Castelar, D. Robledo, G.B. Vega, F.E. Msuya, K. Eswaran, S.M. Yasir, M.K.M. Ali and A.Q. Hurtado. 2017. The Cultivation of Kappaphycus and Eucheuma in tropical and sub-tropical waters. In: (A.Q. Hurtado, A.T. Critchley and I.C. Neish, eds) Tropical seaweed farming trends, problems and opportunities – focus on Kappaphycus and Eucheuma of commerce. Vol. 9, Developments in Applied Phycology, Springer, Cham. pp. 55–90.Google Scholar

  • Horta, P.A., E. Amancio, C.S. Coimbra and E.C. Oliveira. 2001. Considerações sobre a distribuição e origem da flora de macroalgas marinhas brasileiras. Hoehnea 28: 2453–265.Google Scholar

  • IBAMA. 2018. Instrução Normativa No.89/Fevereiro 2006. Available in: https://www.ibama.gov.br/phocadownload/agrotoxicos/reavaliacao-ambiental/2019/2019-01-23-Ibama-IN27-2018.pdf. Accessed 25 January 2019.

  • ICMBIO. 2018. Instrução Normativa No. 185/2008. Available in: http://www.icmbio.gov.br/cepsul/images/stories/legislacao/Instrucao_normativa/2008/in_ibama_185_2008_permitircultivokappaphycus_alvarezii_rs_sc_revoga_in_ibama_165_2007.pdf. Accessed 25 January 2019.

  • Iha, C., D. Milstein, S.M.P.B. Guimarães, D.W. Freshwater and M.C. Oliveira. 2015. DNA Barcoding reveals high diversity of Gelidiales on the Brazilian Southeast Coast. Bot. Mar. 58: 295–305.Google Scholar

  • Iha, C., K.A. O’Shaughnessy, S.M.P.B. Guimarães, M.C. Oliveira and D.W. Freshwater. 2016. Taxonomic reappraisal of Gelidium coarctatum (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) and Gelidium lineare sp. nov. from the tropical Western Atlantic. Phycologia 55: 555–563.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Iha, C., M. Jamas, S.M.P.B. Guimarães, M.T. Fujii, D.W. Freshwater and M.C. Oliveira. 2017. Pterocladiella (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) species of Brazil including morphological studies of Pterocladiella media and a reassessment of Pterocladiella taylorii. Phycologia 56: 624–637.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Jamas, M., C. Iha, M.C. Oliveira, S.M.P.B. Guimarães and M.T. Fujii. 2017. Morphological and molecular studies on Gelidiaceae and Gelidiellaceae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Brazil with the description of a new species Gelidium calidum. Phytotaxa 314: 195–218.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Jesus, P.B., F. Nauer, G.M. Lyra, V. Cassano, M.C. Oliveira, J.M.C. Nunes and A.S. Schnadelbach. 2016. Species delimitation and phylogenetic analyses of some cosmopolitan species of Hypnea (Rhodophyta) reveal synonyms and misapplied names to H. cervicornis, including a new species from Brazil. J. Phycol. 52: 774–792.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kempf, M. 1980. Perspectiva de exploração econômica dos fundos de algas calcárias da plataforma continental do nordeste do Brasil. Trabalhos Oceanográficos da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. 15: 139–164.Google Scholar

  • Lyra, G.M. 2014. A família Gracilariaceae (Rhodophyta): abordagens taxonômicas e filogenéticas. Tese de Doutorado, Universidade Federal de Feira de Santana, BA, Brasil. pp. 304.Google Scholar

  • Marinho-Soriano, E. 2005. Cultivo experimental de Gracilaria no Rio Grande do Norte. In: Anais da X Reunião Brasileira de Ficologia. Salvador 2004. Rio de Janeiro, Museu Nacional. Série Livros 10. pp. 115–124.Google Scholar

  • Marinho-Soriano, E. 2007. Seaweeds biofilters: an environmentally friendly solution. World Aquacult. 38: 31–33.Google Scholar

  • Marinho-Soriano, E. 2017. Historical context of commercial exploitation of seaweeds in Brazil. J. Appl. Phycol. 29: 665–671.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Marinho-Soriano, E., T.S.F. Silva and W.S.C. Moreira. 2001. Seasonal variation in the biomass and agar yield from Gracilaria cervicornis and Hydropuntia cornea from Brasil. Bioresour. Technol. 77: 115–120.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Marinho-Soriano, E., C. Morales and W.S.C. Moreira. 2002. Cultivation of Gracilaria (Rhodophyta) in shrimp pond effluents in Brazil. Aquacult. Res. 33: 1081–1086.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Marinho-Soriano, E., W.S.C. Moreira and M.A.A. Carneiro. 2006. Some aspects of the growth of Gracilaria birdiae (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) in an estuary in northeast Brazil. Aquacult. Int. 14: 327–336.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Marinho-Soriano, E., R.A. Panucci, M.A.A. Carneiro and D.C. Pereira. 2009. Evaluation of Gracilaria caudata J. Agardh for bioremediation of nutrients from shrimp farming wastewater. Bioresour. Technol. 100: 6192–6198.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Menezes, M., C.E.M. Bicudo, C.W.N. Moura, A.M. Alves, A.A. dos Santos, A. de Gusmão Pedrini, A.C. Araujo, A.O.M. Tucci, A. Fajar, C.F.S. Malone, C.H. Kano, C.L. Sant’anna, C.C. Zanini Branco, C. Odebrecht, C.K. Peres, E.B. Neuhaus, E. Eskinazi-Leça, E.P. de Aquino, F. Nauer, G. do Nascimento Santos, G.M. Amado Filho, G.M. Lyra, G.C.P. Borges, I.O. Costa, I. de Souza Nogueira, I.B. de Oliveira, J.C.de Paula, J.M.C. Nunes, J.C. de Lima, K.R.S. Santos, L.C. Ferreira, L.M.S. Gestinari, L.S. Cardoso, M.A.O. Figueiredo, M.H. Da Silva, M.B.B.B. Barreto, M.C.O. Henriques, M.d.G.G.S. Cunha, M.E. Bandeira-Pedrosa, M.F. Oliveira-Carvalho, M.T.M. de Széchy, M.T.P. Azevedo, M.C. Oliveira, M.M. Cabezudo, M.F. Santiago, M. Bergesh, M.T. Fujii, N.C. Bueno, O. Necchi, P.B. de Jesus, R.d.G. Bahia, S. Khader, S.M. Alves-da-Silva, S.M.P.B. Guimarães, S.M.B. Pereira, T.A. Caires, T. Meurer, V. Cassano, V.R. Werner, W.A. da Gama, W.J. da Silva less. 2015. Update of the Brazilian floristic list of Algae and Cyanobacteria. Rodriguesia 66: 1047–1062.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Milliman, J.D. and C.A.B. Amaral. 1974. Economic potential of Brazilian continental margin sediments. Soc. Brasil. Geol. An. XXVIII Congr. 3: 335–344.Google Scholar

  • Milstein, D., A. Medeiros, E.C. Oliveira and M.C. Oliveira. 2015. Native or introduced? A re-evaluation of Pyropia species (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) from Brazil based on molecular analyses. Eur. J. Phycol. 50: 37–45.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Moura R.L., N.A. Secchin, G.M. Amado-Filho, R.B. Francini-Filho, M.O. Freitas, C.V. Minte-Vera, J.B. Teixeira, F.L. Thompson, G.F. Dutra, P.Y.G. Sumida, A.Z. Guth, R.M. Lope and A.C. Bastos. 2013. Spatial patterns of benthic megahabitats and conservation planning in the Abrolhos Bank. Cont. Shelf Res. 70: 109–117.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Moura, R.L., G.M. Amado-Filho, F.C. Moraes, P.S. Brasileiro, P.S. Salomon, M.M. Mahiques, A.C. Bastos, M.G. Almeida, J.M. Silva, B.F. Araujo, F.P. Brito, T.P. Rangel, B.C.V Oliveira, R.G. Bahia, R.P. Paranhos, R.J.S. Dias, E. Siegle, A.G. Figueiredo, R. C. Pereira, C.V Leal, E. Hajdu, N.E. Asp, G.B. Gregoracci, S. Neumann-Leitão, P.L. Yager, R.B. Francini-Filho, A. Fróes, M. Campeão, B.S. Silva, A.P.B. Moreira, L. Oliveira, A.C. Soares, L. Araujo, N.L. Oliveira, J.B. Teixeira, R.A.B. Valle, C.C. Thompson, C.E. Rezende and F.L. Thompson. 2016. An extensive reef system at the Amazon River mouth. Sci. Adv. 2: e1501252.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • MPA. 2016. Institucional. Available in: http://www.mpa.gov.br/institucional. Accessed 25 January 2019.

  • Nauer, F., V. Cassano and M.C. Oliveira. 2015. The Hypnea musciformis complex (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) based on molecular and morphological studies with description of H. pseudomusciformis sp. nov. J. Appl. Phycol. 27: 2405–2417.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Oliveira, E.C. 1984. Brazilian mangal vegetation with special emphasis on seaweeds. In: (F.F. Por and I. Dor, eds) Hydrobiology of the Mangal. W. Junk, The Hague. pp. 55–65.Google Scholar

  • Oliveira, E.C. 1998. The seaweed resources of Brazil. In: (A.T. Critchley and M. Ohno, eds) Seaweed resources of the world. JICA, Japan. pp. 366–371.Google Scholar

  • Oliveira, V.P., F.A.M. Freire and E. Marinho-Soriano. 2012. Influence of depth on the growth of the seaweed Gracilaria birdiae (Rhodophyta) in a shrimp pond. Braz. J. Aquat. Sci. Technol. 16: 33–39.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Paula, E.J., R.T.L. Pereira and M. Ohno. 1999. Strain selection in Kappaphycus alvarezii var. alvarezii (Solieriaceae, Rhodophyta) using tetraspores progeny. J. Appl. Phycol. 11: 111–121.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Pellizzari, F. and R.P. Reis. 2011. Seaweed cultivation on the southern and southeastern brazilian coast. Rev. Bras. Farmacogn. 21: 305–312.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Pellizzari, F., M.C. Oliveira, A.S. Medeiros, N.S. Yokoya and E.C. Oliveira. 2013. Morphology, ontogeny, and phylogenetic position of Gayralia brasiliensis sp. nov. (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyta) from the Southern coast of Brazil. Bot. Mar. 56: 197–205.Google Scholar

  • Pereira, L. and J.F. Mesquita. 2004. Population studies and carrageenan properties of Chondracanthus teedei var. lusitanicus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). J. Appl. Phycol. 16: 369–383.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Pereira, L., S.F. Gheda and P.J.A. Ribeiro-Claro. 2013. Analysis by vibrational spectroscopy of seaweed with potential use in food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Int. J. Carbohydr. Chem. 2013: 7.Google Scholar

  • Peteiro C. 2018. Alginate production from marine macroalgae, with emphasis on kelp farming. In: (B.H.A. Rehm and F. Moradali, eds) Alginates and their biomedical applications. Springer, Singapore. pp. 27–66.Google Scholar

  • Piola, A.R. and R.P. Matano. 2009. Brazil and Falklands (Malvinas) Currents. In: (J.H. Steele, S.A. Thorpe and K.K. Turekian, eds) Ocean currents, 2nd edition. Academic Press, London. pp. 35–43.Google Scholar

  • Plastino, E.M. and E.C. Oliveira. 2002. Gracilaria birdiae (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta), new species from the Tropical South American Atlantic with a terete frond and deep spermatangial conceptacles. Phycologia 41: 389–396.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Reis, R.P., B. Castelar and A.A. dos Santos. 2017. Why is algaculture still incipient in Brazil? J. Appl. Phycol. 29: 673–682.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Riul, P., C.H. Targinol, J.N. Farias, P.T. Visscher and P.A. Horta. 2008. Decrease in Lithothamnion sp. (Rhodophyta) primary production due to the deposition of a thin sediment layer. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K. 88: 17–19.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Santos, A.A. 2014. Potential of the seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii farming in the coast of Santa Catarina State. PhD. Thesis. Federal University of Santa Catarina. 151 p. (in Portuguese).Google Scholar

  • Santos, C.S.G., J.B. Lino, P.C. Veras, G.M. Amado-Filho, R.B. Francini-Filho, F.S. Motta, R.L. Moura and G.H. Pereira-Filho. 2016. Environmental licensing on rhodolith beds: insights from a worm. Nat. Conserv. 14: 137–141.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Silveira, I.C.A., A.C.K. Schmidt, E.J.D. Campos, S.S. Godoi and Y. Ikeda. 2000. A Corrente do Brasil ao Largo da Costa Leste Brasileira. Rev. Bras. Oceanogr. 48: 171–183.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sissini, M.N., M.B.B.B. Barreto, M.T.M. Széchy, M.B. Lucena, M.C. Oliveira, J. Gower, G. Liu, E.O. Bastos, D. Milstein, F. Gusmão, J.E. Martinelli-Filho, C. Alves-Lima, P. Colepicolo, G. Ameka, K. Graft-Johnson, L. Gouvea, B. Torrano-Silva, F. Nauer, J.M. Nunes, J.B. Barufi, L. Rörig, R. Riosmena-Rodríguez, T.J. Mello, L.V.C. Lotufo and P.A Horta. 2017. The floating Sargassum in South Atlantic Ocean – likely scenarios. Phycologia 56: 321–328.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Suplicy, F.M., L.F.N. Vianna, G.S. Rupp, A.L.T. Novaes, L.H.P. Garbossa, R.V. Souza, J. Guzenski, S.W. Da Costa, F.M. Silva and A.A. Dos Santos. 2015. Planning and management for sustainable coastal aquaculture development in Santa Catarina State, south Brazil. Rev Aquac. 0: 1–18.Google Scholar

  • Ursi, S., V.L. Costa, L. Hayashi, R.T.L. Pereira, E.J. Paula and E.M. Plastino. 2013. Intraspecific variation in Gracilaria birdiae (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta): growth, and agar yield and quality of color strains under aquaculture. Bot. Mar. 56: 241–248.Google Scholar

  • Vasconcelos, Y. 2012. Fertilizante Marinho: uso de algas calcárias como adubo em lavouras de cana pode elevar a produtividade em até 50%. Revista FAPESP. 6: 62–65.Google Scholar

About the article

Carmen Simioni

Carmen Simioni is a postdoctoral researcher in the Cell Biology and Development Program, Federal University of Santa Catarina. She graduated in Biological Sciences, has a Master’s in Biology of Fungi, Algae and Plants and holds a PhD in Cell Biology and Development by the Federal University of Santa Catarina. Her main interest is in the area of morphology, with an emphasis on cell biology and spore culture of the seaweed.

Leila Hayashi

Leila Hayashi is Professor at Aquaculture Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC). Her main interests are in seaweed productive cycle, from cultivation to processing, and development of new technologies associated to aquaculture. She is a member of the steering committee of International Society for Applied Phycology and a member of International Seaweed Association and Brazilian Society of Aquaculture and Aquatic Biology. Currently, she is the head of Graduate Program in Aquaculture in the UFSC.

Mariana C. Oliveira

Mariana C. Oliveira is a Professor at the University of São Paulo, Brazil. She is interested in the origin, evolution, diversity, and distribution of different groups of algae. She was on the Editorial Board of Journal of Phycology, International Vice-President of the Phycological Society of America, Associate Editor of Phycologia, on the botany committee of CNPq and on the coordination committee of the Biota-FAPESP Program. Presently, she is part of Area Coordination for the Biosciences of FAPESP.


Received: 2019-03-31

Accepted: 2019-07-10

Published Online: 2019-08-06

Published in Print: 2019-09-25


Citation Information: Botanica Marina, Volume 62, Issue 5, Pages 433–441, ISSN (Online) 1437-4323, ISSN (Print) 0006-8055, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2019-0021.

Export Citation

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in