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Botanica Marina

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Volume 62, Issue 6


Some rarely reported deep-water macroalgal species from Bonaire, Caribbean Sea, including Verdigellas discoidea sp. nov. (Palmophyllaceae, Chlorophyta) based on submersible collections

David L. Ballantine
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, USA, e-mail:
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Barrett L. Brooks
  • Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, USA
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Gabe P. Johnson
  • Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, USA
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2019-11-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2019-0026


Two rarely reported and one newly described species of benthic marine algae are herein recognized from deep-water habitats at Bonaire, representing the first Caribbean reports of each. Archestenogramma profundum is previously known only from its type collection in Bermuda at 17 m depth and the rarely reported Halymenia integra is known originally from its type locality at Cabo Frio, Brazil. Verdigellas discoidea is newly described on the basis of morphological and molecular evidence. It forms flat circular thalli to 6.5 cm in diameter, measuring to 390 μm thick. The disc-like algae are attached by several small holdfasts on the ventral surface, but the margins are mostly free from their substrata.

Keywords: Archestenogramma; Caribbean; Halymenia; macroalgae; Verdigellas


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About the article

David L. Ballantine

David L. Ballantine is presently a Research Associate in the Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. He spent over 30 years at the Department of Marine Sciences, University of Puerto Rico where his research dealt primarily with systematics and ecology of Caribbean marine algae.

Barrett L. Brooks

Barrett L. Brooks has spent the last 35 years at the Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution where he oversees the US Algal Collection of the US National Herbarium (US), studies the natural history of marine algae and is the NMNH Scientific Diving Officer.

Gabe P. Johnson

Gabe P. Johnson is currently a laboratory technician at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. He specializes in optimizing DNA extraction techniques for a variety of streptophyte lineages for both selected historical materials as well as high throughput workflows for processing large number samples from recent collection projects.

Received: 2019-04-26

Accepted: 2019-10-04

Published Online: 2019-11-06

Published in Print: 2019-12-18

Citation Information: Botanica Marina, Volume 62, Issue 6, Pages 587–593, ISSN (Online) 1437-4323, ISSN (Print) 0006-8055, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2019-0026.

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