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Botanica Marina

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Molecular evidence for verifying the distribution of Chondracanthus chamissoi and C. teedei (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta)

Mi Yeon Yang
  • Department of Biology, Jeju National University, 102 Jejudaehakno, Korea
/ Erasmo C. Macaya
  • Laboratorio de Estudios Algales (ALGALAB), Departmento de Oceanografía, Casilla 160-C, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile
/ Myung Sook Kim
  • Department of Biology, Jeju National University, 102 Jejudaehakno, Korea
  • :
Published Online: 2015-03-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2015-0011


Chondracanthus teedei and C. chamissoi are regarded as cosmopolitan and endemic species, respectively. To verify the geographic distribution of these two species, we analyzed specimens of C. teedei from the Western Pacific and the Atlantic coast of Spain, as well as of C. chamissoi from Chile using plastid rbcL and mitochondrial COI genes. The phylogenetic tree of rbcL revealed that “C. teedei” from Asia and Chondracanthus sp. from France are conspecific with C. chamissoi from Chile, but distinct from the clade of C. teedei from the Atlantic. These results indicate that C. chamissoi is not exclusively distributed in the southeastern Pacific, but is also found in Korea/Japan and France, whereas C. teedei is found in the Atlantic and not in the western Pacific region. This study demonstrated that the range of C. chamissoi is wider than previously thought, raising interesting questions regarding the transportation vector and the absence of C. teedei from Korea and Japan. In addition, we confirmed that molecular analyses can be used to examine the geographic distribution of marine macroalgae.

Keywords: Chondracanthus; C. chamissoi; C. teedei; COI; distribution; rbcL; Rhodophyta

Mi Yeon Yang

Mi Yeon Yang is a PhD student at Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea. She was awarded a MSc in Molecular Phylogeny for her work on the molecular phylogeny and DNA barcoding of the Gracilariaceae (Marine Algal Laboratory, Jeju National University). For her PhD research, Ms. Yang is working on the red algal order Gigartinales from Korea.

Erasmo C. Macaya

Erasmo C. Macaya has been an Assistant Professor at Concepción University, Chile since 2010. He received a primary degree in Marine Biology and a Master’s in Marine Sciences from Universidad Catolica del Norte, Coquimbo, Chile. He obtained a PhD in Marine Biology from Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand studying the dispersal patterns, connectivity, taxonomy and genetic diversity of the giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera. His research focuses on the different aspects of macroalgae, such as ecology, taxonomy and phylogeography, among others.

Myung Sook Kim

Myung Sook Kim is a Professor of Biology at Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea. She was awarded a PhD in Algal Systematics by the Seoul National University, Korea for her work on the taxonomic revision of Polysiphonia. She has studied systematics in Rhodophyta for over 15 years, especially in the family Rhodomelaceae. Her more recent research has concentrated on establishing a DNA barcode database for Korean seaweeds to identify species and genus correctly.

Corresponding author: Myung Sook Kim, Department of Biology, Jeju National University, 102 Jejudaehakno, Korea, e-mail:

Received: 2015-01-26

Accepted: 2015-03-05

Published Online: 2015-03-21

Published in Print: 2015-04-01

Citation Information: Botanica Marina. Volume 58, Issue 2, Pages 103–113, ISSN (Online) 1437-4323, ISSN (Print) 0006-8055, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2015-0011, March 2015

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