Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences Technical Sciences

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

6 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.156
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.238

CiteScore 2016: 1.50

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.457
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 1.239

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 62, Issue 4


Comparative investigation of friction stir welding and fusion welding of 6061 T6 – 5083 O aluminum alloy based on mechanical properties and microstructure

S. Jannet / P.K. Mathews / R. Raja
Published Online: 2014-12-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/bpasts-2014-0086


This paper compares, the mechanical properties of welded joints 6061 T6 and 5083 O aluminium alloys obtained using friction stir welding (FSW) at four rotation speeds namely 450,560,710 and 900 rpm and that by conventional fusion welding. FSW welds were carried out on a milling machine. The performance of FSW and Fusion welded joints were identified using tensile test, hardness test and microstructure. The properties of FSW and fusion welded processes were also compared with each other to understand the advantages and disadvantages of these processes for welding applications for Al alloys. It was seen that the tensile strength obtained with FSW was higher as compared to conventional fusion welding process. The width of the heat affected zone of FSW was narrower than Fusion welded joints. The results showed that FSW improved the mechanical properties of welded joints.

Keywords : TIG; MIG; FSW


  • [1] G. Madhusudhan Reddy, “Aluminium welding”, in Recent Developments in Materials Joining, pp. 175-190, AICTE, Annamalai Nagar, 2001.Google Scholar

  • [2] K.V. Jata,t “Friction stir welding effects on microstructure and fatigue of aluminium alloy 7075-T7451”, Metallurgical Materials Trans. 31A, 2181-2192 (2000).Google Scholar

  • [3] S. Kalpakjian, Manufacturing Engineering Technology, p. 36, Addison-Wesley, Boston, 1995.Google Scholar

  • [4] K. Elangovan and V. Balasubramanian, “Influences of postweld heat treatment on tensile properties of friction stir-welded AA6061 aluminum alloy joints”, 2008, Materials Characterization 59 (9), 1168-1177 (2008).Google Scholar

  • [5] K. Mustafa, K. Erdinc, S. Aydin, and B. Ozden, “Experimental comparison of MIG and Friction stir welding processes for EN AW6061-T6 (Al Mg1 Si Cu) aluminium alloy”, Arabian J. Science and Engineering 35 (1 B), CD-ROM (2010).Google Scholar

  • [6] N. Shanmuga Sundaram and N. Murugan, “Tensile behavior of dissimilar friction stir welded joints of aluminium alloys”, Materials & Design 31 (9), 4184-4193 (2010).Google Scholar

  • [7] L.E. Svensson, L. Karlsson, H. Larsson, B. Karlsson, M. Fazzini, and J. Karlsson, “Microstructure and mechanical properties of friction stir welded aluminium alloys with special reference to AA 5083 and AA 6082”, Science & Technology of Welding & Joining 5 (5), 285-296 (2000).Google Scholar

  • [8] K. Ratnesh, I. Shukla, and P.K. Shah, “Comparative study of friction stir welding and tungsten inert gas welding process”, Indian J. Science and Technology 3 (6), CD-ROM (2010).Google Scholar

  • [9] K. Colligan, “Material flow behavior during friction stir welding of aluminium 7075”, Welding Research Supplement 1, 229-237 (1997).Google Scholar

  • [10] A. Squillace, A. De Fenzo, G. Giorleo, and F. Bellucci, “A comparison between FSW and TIG welding techniques: modifications of microstructure and pitting corrosion resistance in AA 2024-T3 butt joints”, J. Materials Processing Technology 152, 97-105 (2004).Google Scholar

  • [11] A. Cabello Muñoza, G. Rückert, B. Huneaua, X. Sauvageb, and S. Maryaa, “Comparison of TIG welded and friction stir welded Al-4.5Mg-0.26Sc alloy”, J. Materials Processing Technology 197, 337-343 (2008).Google Scholar

  • [12] N.T. Kumbhar and K. Bhanumurthy, “Friction stir welding of Al 5052 with Al 6061 alloys”, Hindawi Publishing Corporation J. Metallurgy ID 303756, 7 (2012).Google Scholar

  • [13] K. Mroczka, A. Wojcicka, and A. Pietras, “Characteristics of dissimilar FSW welds of aluminum alloys 2017A and 7075 on the basis of multiple layer research”, JMEPEG 22, 2698-2705 (2013).Google Scholar

  • [14] M. Ghosh, K. Kumar, S.V. Kailas, and A.K. Ray, “Optimization of friction stir welding parameters for dissimilar aluminum alloys”, Materials and Design 31, 3033-3037 (2010).Google Scholar

  • [15] D. Burford, Ch. Widener, and B. Tweedy, “Advances in friction stir welding for aerospace applications”, 6th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration and Operations Conf. (ATIO) 25-27, CD-ROM (2006).Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2014-12-04

Published in Print: 2014-12-01

Citation Information: Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences Technical Sciences, Volume 62, Issue 4, Pages 791–795, ISSN (Online) 2300-1917, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/bpasts-2014-0086.

Export Citation

© Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Technical Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

J. C. Verduzco Juárez, G. M. Dominguez Almaraz, R. García Hernández, and J. J. Villalón López
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 2016, Volume 2016, Page 1

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in