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Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences Technical Sciences

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

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Non-destructive and semi-destructive diagnostics of concrete structures in assessment of their durability

1 / J. Bień1 / Ł. Sadowski1 / K. Schabowicz1

1Faculty of Civil Engineering, Wrocław University of Technology, 27 Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego St., 50-370 Wrocław, Poland

© Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Technical Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citation Information: Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences Technical Sciences. Volume 63, Issue 1, Pages 87–96, ISSN (Online) 2300-1917, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bpasts-2015-0010, April 2015

Publication History

Published Online:


This paper proposes a comprehensive classification of test methods for the diagnosis of concrete structures. The main focus is on the ranges of suitability of the particular methods and techniques for assessing the durability of structures, depending on the principal degradation mechanisms and their effects on this durability. The survey covers non-destructive testing (NDT) methods, which do not in any way breach the integrity of the tested structures, and semi-destructive testing (SDT) methods requiring material samples to be taken or any other minor breach of structural integrity. An original taxonomy of physical, chemical and biological diagnostic methods, useful in assessment of concrete structures durability, is proposed. Equipment specific for selected advanced testing methods is presented as well as exemplary test results.

Keywords : concrete; durability; diagnostics; non-destructive tests; semi-destructive tests


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