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Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences Technical Sciences

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Volume 63, Issue 1 (Mar 2015)


Non-destructive and semi-destructive diagnostics of concrete structures in assessment of their durability

J. Hoła
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculty of Civil Engineering, Wrocław University of Technology, 27 Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego St., 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
  • Email:
/ J. Bień
  • Faculty of Civil Engineering, Wrocław University of Technology, 27 Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego St., 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
/ Ł. Sadowski
  • Faculty of Civil Engineering, Wrocław University of Technology, 27 Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego St., 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
/ K. Schabowicz
  • Faculty of Civil Engineering, Wrocław University of Technology, 27 Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego St., 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
Published Online: 2015-04-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bpasts-2015-0010


This paper proposes a comprehensive classification of test methods for the diagnosis of concrete structures. The main focus is on the ranges of suitability of the particular methods and techniques for assessing the durability of structures, depending on the principal degradation mechanisms and their effects on this durability. The survey covers non-destructive testing (NDT) methods, which do not in any way breach the integrity of the tested structures, and semi-destructive testing (SDT) methods requiring material samples to be taken or any other minor breach of structural integrity. An original taxonomy of physical, chemical and biological diagnostic methods, useful in assessment of concrete structures durability, is proposed. Equipment specific for selected advanced testing methods is presented as well as exemplary test results.

Keywords : concrete; durability; diagnostics; non-destructive tests; semi-destructive tests


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About the article

Published Online: 2015-04-01

Published in Print: 2015-03-01

Citation Information: Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences Technical Sciences, ISSN (Online) 2300-1917, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bpasts-2015-0010. Export Citation

© Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Technical Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

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