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Porous Metallic Biomaterials Processing (Review) Part 1: Compaction, Sintering Behavior, Properties and Medical Applications

Ileana Nicoleta Popescu
  • Valahia University of Targoviste, Faculty of Materials Engineering and Mechanics, Str. Aleea Sinaia, No. 13, Targoviste, Romania
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/ Ruxandra Vidu
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  • University of California, Davis, Electrical and Computer Engineering, One Shields Ave, Davis, United States of America
  • University POLITEHNICA Bucharest, ECOMET-UPB, 313 Splaiul Independentei, Bucharest, Romania
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/ Vasile Bratu
  • Valahia University of Targoviste, Faculty of Materials Engineering and Mechanics, Str. Aleea Sinaia, No. 13, Targoviste, Romania
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Published Online: 2017-11-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bsmm-2017-0015


Over the last few decades, researchers has been focused on the study of processing using different methods of new biocompatible and/or biodegradable materials such as permanent or temporary medical implants in reconstructive surgery. The advantages of obtaining biomedical implants by Powder Metallurgy (P/M) techniques are (i) obtaining the near-net-shaped with complex forms, (ii) making materials with controlled porosity or (iii) making mechanically resistant sintered metallic materials used as reinforcing elements for ceramic/polymeric biocompatible materials. In this first part of the 2-part review, the most used and newest metallic biomaterials obtained by P/M methods are presented, along with their compaction and sintering behavior and the properties of the porous biomaterials studied in correlation with the biomedical domain of application.

Keywords: Porous metallic biomaterials; Powder Metallurgy (P/M) techniques; Compaction-Sintering behavior; Biomaterias properties; Medical applications



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About the article

Published Online: 2017-11-28

Published in Print: 2017-10-01

Citation Information: Scientific Bulletin of Valahia University - Materials and Mechanics, Volume 15, Issue 13, Pages 28–40, ISSN (Online) 2537-3161, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bsmm-2017-0015.

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© 2017 Ileana Nicoleta Popescu et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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