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Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy

The Journal of National Veterinary Research Institute in Pulawy

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IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.462

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2300-3235
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Prevalence of Babesia canis, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in hard ticks collected from meadows of Lubelskie Voivodship (eastern Poland)

Beata Dzięgiel
  • Department of Epizootiology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences, 20-612 Lublin, Poland
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/ Tomasz Kubrak
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Lublin, 20-093 Lublin, Poland
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/ Łukasz Adaszek
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Epizootiology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences, 20-612 Lublin, Poland
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/ Piotr Dębiak / Dagmara Wyłupek
  • Department and Clinic of Animal Internal Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences, 20-612 Lublin, Poland
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/ Anna Bogucka-Kocka
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Lublin, 20-093 Lublin, Poland
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/ Jerzy Lechowski
  • Department of Breeding and Technology of Pig Production, Faculty of Biology and Animal Breeding, University of Life Sciences Lublin, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
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/ Stanisław Winiarczyk
  • Department of Epizootiology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences, 20-612 Lublin, Poland
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Published Online: 2014-03-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/bvip-2014-0005

Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the distribution of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, and Babesia canis in adult females and males of Ixodes ricinus and Dermacentor reticulatus ticks, inhabiting meadows near large forest complexes throughout the Lubelskie Voivodship (eastern region of Poland). Ticks were collected using the flagging method. Among 720 ticks collected, 506 were identified as D. reticulatus, and 214 as I. ricinus. DNA of B. canis and B. burgdorferi s.l. was detected in 21.3% and 0.6% of D. reticulatus ticks, respectively. In I. ricinus ticks, DNA specific to B. burgdorferi s.l. and A. phagocytophilum was detected in 5.6% and 10.3%, respectively. Co-infections of B. burgdorferi s.l. and A. phagocytophilum were found in two I. ricinus ticks. These results indicate that the Lublin region is an area at risk of tick-borne diseases of humans and animals, which must be considered in clinical practice.

Keywords: Anaplasma phagocytophilum; Babesia canis; Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato; ticks; vector-borne diseases.

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-03-25

Published in Print: 2014-03-01


Citation Information: Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy, ISSN (Online) 2300-3235, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/bvip-2014-0005.

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