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Byzantinische Zeitschrift

Ed. by Berger, Albrecht

CiteScore 2018: 0.13

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.111
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.425

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Volume 111, Issue 3


John Italos on the eternity of the world

A new critical edition of Quaestio 71 with translation and commentary

András Kraft / István Perczel
Published Online: 2018-09-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bz-2018-0018


The paper discusses John Italos’ (d. after 1082) position on the eternity of the world. Italos was condemned for a series of heretical views including the thesis that the visible world was eternal. However, a treatise of Italos has been transmitted, in which he refutes the idea of an eternal kosmos and argues for its createdness in the beginning of time. The present study provides a critical edition of the Greek text of Italos’ treatise (Quaestio 71 of his Quaestiones quodlibetales), provided with a first English translation and followed by a commentary that develops Italos’ main arguments and identifies some of his sources. It is argued that Italos sincerely defended an anti-eternalist standpoint by adopting arguments, first and foremost, of the sixth-century philosopher John Philoponos. Moreover, Italos seems to react in Quaestio 71 to specific charges that had been brought up against him during his repeated synodal investigations in 1076/77 and 1082. His treatise against the eternity of the world appears to be a comprehensive apology of his orthodoxy.

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Published Online: 2018-09-22

Published in Print: 2018-09-01

Citation Information: Byzantinische Zeitschrift, Volume 111, Issue 3, Pages 659–720, ISSN (Online) 1868-9027, ISSN (Print) 0007-7704, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bz-2018-0018.

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