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Chinese as a Second Language Research

Editor-in-Chief: Kecskes, Istvan

Ed. by Peng, Lizhen

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Production of formulaic expressions in L2 Chinese: A developmental investigation in a study abroad context

Naoko Taguchi / Shuai Li / Feng Xiao
Published Online: 2013-06-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/caslar-2013-0021


This study investigated the development of L2 Chinese formulaic competence in a study abroad context. Participants were 31 American students studying Chinese in a university in China (intermediate-level). They completed a computerized speaking test consisting of 24 formulae-use situations twice during their semester-long study abroad in China. The learners produced a formulaic expression according to each situation, and their production was evaluated on appropriateness (rated on a four-point scale by native speakers) and planning time. In addition, a survey was administered to gather information about the learners' perceived frequency of encounter with formulae-use situations. The learners showed significant gains on appropriateness and fluency. Reported frequency of encounter with target formulae-use situations did not correlate with the gains in formulae production, except for the learners with lower pretest score. Qualitative analysis revealed four patterns of change: (1) change toward target formulae, (2) change toward target-like slot-and-frame patterns, (3) change toward non-target formulae; and (4) stabilized non-target formulae use.

Keywords: L2 Chinese; formulaic competence; formulae production; interlanguage pragmatics; study abroad context; longitudinal

About the article

Published Online: 2013-06-25

Published in Print: 2013-06-24

Citation Information: Chinese as a Second Language Research, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 23–58, ISSN (Online) 2193-2271, ISSN (Print) 2193-2263, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/caslar-2013-0021.

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