Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
In This Section

Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems

Climate Change, Social Changes, Technological Development

Ed. by Fürst, Christine / Geneletti, Davide

1 Issue per year


Emerging Science

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2300-3669
See all formats and pricing
In This Section

Using the Concepts of Resilience, Vulnerability and Adaptability for the Assessment and Analysis of Agricultural Systems

Daniel Callo-Concha
  • Corresponding author
  • Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Walter-Flex-Str. 3., 53113, Bonn, Germany. Tel: +49 228 731795, Fax: +49 228 731889
  • Email:
/ Frank Ewert
  • Institute of Crop Science and Resources Conservation, University of Bonn, Katzenburgweg 5, 53115, Bonn, Germany
Published Online: 2014-03-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/cass-2014-0001

Abstract

Resilience, vulnerability and adaptability have emerged as dominant concepts in the study of disturbance and change of social-ecological systems. We analyze the conceptual, methodological and operational aspects in using these concepts for the assessment and analysis of agricultural systems and try to identify differences and possible overlaps between them. The analysis is performed considering a number of published studies on agricultural systems over a wide geographical range where these concepts have been applied. Our results show a clear conceptual overlap and often the exchangeable use of the concepts. Furthermore, the driving methodological and operational criteria for their application could not be separated unambiguously. It was, thus, difficult to identify guiding principles for the operational application of the individual concepts. We stress that the operationalization of these concepts requires consistency in the approaches and protocols to ensure their coherent use. We also argue that the conceptual and operational integration of resilience, vulnerability and adaptability would perhaps lead to a more complete portrayal of the behavior of agricultural systems in changing situations. But this requires more research including the development of operational protocols for which the premises of complexity, participation and functionality seem key.

Keywords : disruption; change; evaluation; operationalization; integration

References

  • [1] Dilley M., Budreau T., Coming to terms with vulnerability: a critique of the food security definition, Food Policy, 2001, 26, 229-247.

  • [2] Vogel C., Moser S.C., Kasperson R.E., Dabelko G.D., Linking vulnerability, adaptation, and resilience science to practice: Pathways, players, and partnerships, Global Environ. Chang., 2007, 17, 349-364. [Crossref]

  • [3] Janssens M.A., Ostrom E., Resilience, Vulnerability, and Adaptation: A cross-cutting theme of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change, Global Environ. Chang., 2006, 16, 237-239. [Crossref]

  • [4] Boko M., Niang I., Nyong A., Vogel C., Githeko A., Medany M., et al., Africa, In: Parry M.L., Canziani O.F., Palutikof J.P., van der Linden P.J., Hanson C.E. (Eds.), Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability Working Group II Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, 2007.

  • [5] Holling C., Resilience and stability of ecological systems, Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst., 1973, 4, 1-23. [Crossref]

  • [6] Gunderson L.H., Holling C.S., Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems, Island Press, 2002.

  • [7] Berkes V.F., Colding J., Folke C., Navigating social-ecological systems, Cambridge University Press, 2003.

  • [8] Walker B., Carpenter S., Anderies J., Abel N., Cumming G.S., Janssen M. et al., Resilience management in social-ecological systems: a working hypothesis for a participatory approach, Conserv. Ecol., 2002, 6, 14.

  • [9] Smit B., Wandel J., Adaptation, adaptive capacity and vulnerability, Global Environ. Chang., 2006, 16, 282-292. [Crossref]

  • [10] Folke C., Resilience: The emergence of a perspective for socialecological systems analyses, Global Environ. Chang., 2006, 16, 253-267. [Crossref]

  • [11] Adger W.N., Hughes T.P., Folke C., Carpenter S.R., Rockstrom J. Social-Ecological Resilience to Coastal Disasters, Science, 2005, 309, 1036-1039.

  • [12] Gallopin G.C., Linkages between vulnerability, resilience, and adaptive capacity, Global Environ. Chang., 2006, 16, 293-303. [Crossref]

  • [13] Adger W. Vulnerability, Global Environ. Chang., 2006, 16, 268-281. [Crossref]

  • [14] Turner B.L., Kasperson R.E., Matson P.A., McCarthy J.J., Corell R.W., Christensen L., et al., A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science, Proc. Natl. Acad. .Sci. USA, 2003, 100, 8074-8079. [Crossref]

  • [15] Rounsevell M.D.A., Reginster, I. Araujo M.B., Carter T.R., Dendoncker N., Ewert F. et al., Scenario-Based Studies of Future Land Use in Europe, Agriculture, Ecosys. Environ., 2006, 145, 57-68.

  • [16] Kasperson R.E., Dow K., Archer E., Caceres D., Downing T., Elmqvist T., et al., Vulnerable people and places, In: Hassan R., Scholes R., Ash, N. (Eds.), Ecosystems and Human Wellbeing: Current State and Trends, Vol. 1. Island Press, 2005.

  • [17] IPCC, Climate Change 2007 Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability, In: Parry M.L., Canziani O.F. Palutikof J.P., van der Linden P.J., Hanson C.E. (Eds.), Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, 2007.

  • [18] Acosta-Michlik L., Espaldon V. Assessing vulnerability of selected farming communities in the Philippines based on a behavioural model of agent’s adaptation to global environmental change, Global Environ. Chang., 2008, 18, 554-563. [Crossref]

  • [19] Futuyama D.J., Evolutionary Biology, Sinauer Associates, 1997.

  • [20] Denevan W.M., Adaptation, variation and cultural geography, Prof. Geog, 1983, 35, 399-40.

  • [21] O’Brien M.J., Holland T.D., The Role of Adaptation in Archaeological Explanation, Am. Antiquity, 1992, 57(1): 36-59

  • [22] Butzer K.W., Adaptation to Global Environmental Change, Prof. Geog., 1980, 32, 269-278. [Crossref]

  • [23] Pielke R.A., Rethinking the role of adaptation in climate policy, Global Environ. Chang., 1998, 8, 159-170. [Crossref]

  • [24] Torrico J.C., Janssens J.J. Rapid assessment methods of resilience for natural and agricultural systems, An. Acad. Bras. Cienc., 2010, 82, 1-11.

  • [25] Adaptation, Encyclopedia Britannica, 2010.

  • [26] Gunderson L.H., Interactions between social resilience and ecological crises, In: Berkes F., Colding J., Folke C. (Eds.), Navigating Social-Ecological Systems: Building Resilience for Complexity and Change, Cambridge University Press, 2003.

  • [27] Stringer L.C., Dougill A.J., Fraser E., Hubacek K., Prell C., Reed M.S., Unpacking “participation” in the adaptive management of social-ecological systems: a critical review, Ecol. Soc., 2006, 11, 39.

  • [28] Folke C., Colding J., Berkes F., Synthesis: building resilience and adaptive capacity in social-ecological systems, In Berkes F., Colding J., Folke C. (Eds.), Navigating social-ecological systems: building resilience for complexity and change, Cambridge University Press, 2003.

  • [29] Walker B., Meyers J.A., Thresholds in ecological and social- ecological systems: a developing database, Ecol. Soc., 2004, 9, 3.

  • [30] Van der Leeuw S., Vulnerability and the integrated study of socio-natural phenomena, IHDP Update, 2/01, 6-7, 2001.

  • [31] Young O.R., Berkhout F., Gallopin G.C., Janssen M.A., Ostrom E., van der Leeuw S., The globalization of socio-ecological systems: An agenda for scientific research, Global Environ. Chang., 2006, 16, 304-316. [Crossref]

  • [32] Chapin F.S., Kofinas G., Folke C., Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship, Springer, 2009

  • [33] Vogel C., Resilience, vulnerability and adaptation: A crosscutting theme of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change, Global Environ. Chang., 2006, 16, 235-236. [Crossref]

  • [34] Jackson L., van Noordwijk M., Bengtsson J., Foster W., Lipper L., Pulleman M., et al., Biodiversity and agricultural sustainagility: from assessment to adaptive management, Curr. Opin. Environ. Sust., 2010, 2, 80-87. [Crossref]

  • [35] Funtowicz S., Ravetz J., Costanza R., Post-Normal Science, In: Cutler J.C. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Earth, Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington D.C., USA, 2008.

  • [36] Allison H.E., Hobbs R.J., Resilience, adaptive capacity, and the “Lock-in trap” of the Western Australian agricultural region, Ecology and Society, 2004, 9, 3.

  • [37] Saldana-Zorrilla S.O., Stakeholders’ views in reducing rural vulnerability to natural disasters in Southern Mexico: Hazard exposure and coping and adaptive capacity, Global Environ. Chang., 2008, 18, 583-597. [Crossref]

  • [38] Luers A., Lobell D., Sklar L., Addams C.L., Matson P., A method for quantifying vulnerability, applied to the agricultural system of the Yaqui Valley Mexico, Global Environmental Change, 2003, 13:255-267

  • [39] Belliveau S., Smit B., Bradshaw B., Multiple exposures and dynamic vulnerability: Evidence from the grape industry in the Okanagan Valley Canada, Global Environ. Chang., 2006, 16, 364-378. [Crossref]

  • [40] Tyler N., Turi J., Sundset M., Strom K., Sara M., Reinert E., et al., Saami reindeer pastoralism under climate change: Applying a generalized framework for vulnerability studies to a sub-arctic social-ecological system, Global Environ. Chang., 2007, 17, 191-206. [Crossref]

  • [41] Liu C., Golding D., Gong G., Farmers’ coping response to the low flows in the lower Yellow River: A case study of temporal dimensions of vulnerability, Global Environ. Chang., 2008, 18, 543-553. [Crossref]

  • [42] Milestad, R., Hadatsch S., Organic farming and social-ecological resilience: the alpine valleys of Solktaler Austria, Conserv. Ecol., 2003, 8, 3.

  • [43] Carpenter S., Walker B., Anderies J.M., Abel N., From metaphor to measurement: resilience of what to what?, Ecosystems, 2001, 4, 765-781

  • [44] Carr E.R., Between structure and agency: Livelihoods and adaptation in Ghana’s Central Region, Global Environ. Chang., 2008, 18, 689-699. [Crossref]

  • [45] Bertalanffy L. von, An Outline of General System Theory, Brit. J. Phil. Sci., 1950, 1, 134-165.

  • [46] Hart R., Conceptos basicos sobre agroecosistemas. CATIE. Turrialba, Costa Rica, 1985.

  • [47] Giampietro M., Multi-scale integrated analysis of agroecosystems, CRC Press, 2003.

  • [48] Gallopin G.C., Human dimensions of global change: linking the global and the local processes, Int. Soc. Sci. J., 1991, 130, 707-718.

  • [49] Marquardt K., Burning Changes. Action research with Farmers and Swidden Agriculture in the Upper Amazon, PhD thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, 2008.

  • [50] Leakey R., Living with the Trees of Life: Towards the Transformation of Tropical Agriculture, CABI, 2012.

  • [51] Callo-Concha D., Denich M., A framework to assess multifunctionality in agricultural land-use systems applying multicriteria and multivariate analyses and stakeholders participation. Case study: biodiversity in agroforestry systems of Tome-Acu, northern Brazil (in press).

  • [52] Callo-Concha D., M. Denich, Operationalizing environmental services of agroforestry systems: Functional biodiversity assessment in Tome-Acu, Para, Brazil. In Montagnini F. (Ed.) Agroforestry as a Tool for Landscape Restoration: challenges and opportunities for success, Nova Science Publishers, 2010: 143-156.

About the article

Published Online: 2014-03-10



Citation Information: Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems, ISSN (Online) 2300-3669, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/cass-2014-0001. Export Citation

© 2014 Daniel Callo-Concha, Frank Ewert. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Nicolas Urruty, Delphine Tailliez-Lefebvre, and Christian Huyghe
Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 2016, Volume 36, Number 1

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in