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Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems

Climate Change, Social Changes, Technological Development

Ed. by Inostroza, Luis / Fürst, Christine

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2300-3669
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Low Carbon Development Pathways in Indian Agriculture

Sonam Wangyel Wang
  • Corresponding author
  • College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Department of Climate, Korea University Environment, 145, Anam-Ro, Seongbuk Gu, Seoul 02841, Korea (Republic of)
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  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Woo-Kyun Lee
  • College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Department of Climate, Korea University, 145, Anam-Ro, Seongbuk Gu, Seoul 02841, Korea (Republic of)
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Yowhan Son
  • College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Department of Climate, Korea University, 145, Anam-Ro, Seongbuk Gu, Seoul 02841, Korea (Republic of)
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-01-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cass-2017-0002

Abstract

Indian agriculture sector is a significant emitter of Green House Gas (GHG), which is projected to increase by 47% between 2011 and 2020. In response to this, India has committed itself to voluntarily reduce its emissions intensity (emissions per unit GDP) between 20 to 25 percent below 2005 levels by 2020. This would require rapid and significant scaling up of mitigation efforts including the agriculture sector, which remains a challenge, as mitigation is not a priority in Indian agriculture. The study found out that in-spite of numerous mitigation technologies that are readily available for takeoff, the scale of adoption and deployment is far from sufficient to meet the emission targets set by the Government of India, mainly due to lack of financial incentives, capacity building of farmers, and an enabling policy at different levels. This study identified a suite of feasible interventions for promoting low carbon agriculture such as: low tillage systems as it has negative costs due to savings on tillage and fuel; introduction of superior livestock breeds to reduce numbers (especially unproductive cattle) and increase yield; use of livestock wastes to produce energy for cooking and heating through bio-gas technology can not only reduce methane emission but also save electricity costs for the households and; introduction of carbon credits and exploration of domestic carbon markets. An enabling policy environment must be created for these interventions to take off.

Keywords: agriculture; low carbon; pathways; mitigation

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About the article

Received: 2016-08-15

Accepted: 2016-12-11

Published Online: 2017-01-13

Published in Print: 2017-01-01


Citation Information: Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 18–26, ISSN (Online) 2300-3669, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cass-2017-0002.

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© 2017. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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