Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems

Climate Change, Social Changes, Technological Development

Ed. by Inostroza, Luis / Fürst, Christine

1 Issue per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2300-3669
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Smallholder farmer’s perceived effects of climate change on crop production and household livelihoods in rural Limpopo province, South Africa

Nomcebo R. Ubisi
  • School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville, Pietermaritzburg 3209, South Africa
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Paramu L. Mafongoya
  • School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville, Pietermaritzburg 3209, South Africa
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Unathi Kolanisi
  • School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville, Pietermaritzburg 3209, South Africa
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Obert Jiri
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zimbabwe, P. O. Box MP167, Mt Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-04-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cass-2017-0003

Abstract

This study investigated the perceived effects of climate change on crop production and household livelihoods of smallholder farmers in Mopani and Vhembe district, South Africa. Data was collected through a questionnaire administered to 150 smallholder farmers. The questionnaires were complemented by 8 focus group discussions and secondary data. Multinomial logit regression model was used to analyse the factors influencing smallholder farmers’ choice of climate change adaptation strategies. The study findings revealed that subsistence farmers perceived prolonged droughts (56.4%) as the main shock stressing crop production. Droughts often lead to low crop yield and high crop failure (73.3%). In response to the prevailing climatic conditions different gender adopted different strategies, 41% of female farmers adapted by changing planting dates, while male farmers employed crop variety and diversification (35%) and mixed cropping (15%). The smallholder farmers were vulnerable with limited adaptive capacity to withstand climate change due to compromised social, human, physical, natural and financial assets. The results showed that smallholder farmers tend to adapt better when they have access to extension officers (P<0.01). Therefore, it is important for the government to strengthen the relationship between smallholder farmers and extension officers for better climate change adaptation.

Keywords: Smallholder farmers; climate change; adaptation; livelihoods; food security

References

  • [1] IPCC.: Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate. Cambridge. UK. Cambridge University Press, 2007.Google Scholar

  • [2] MEADOWS, M.E.: Global change and Southern Africa. Geographical Research, 44:135-145, 2006.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [3] MANDLENI, B., ANIM, F.D.K.: Climate Change Awareness and Decision on Adaptation Measures by Livestock Farmers in South Africa. Journal of Agricultural Science, 3: 1-11, 2010.Google Scholar

  • [4] AUNE, J.: Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment: Introduction to Agricultural Systems in Developing Countries. http://tinyurl.com/pe5nsfs, 2012.Google Scholar

  • [5] KOMBA, C., MUCHAPONDWA, E.: Adaptation to climate change by smallholder farmers in Tanzania, Economic research Southern Africa, Tanzania, 2012.Google Scholar

  • [6] APATA, T. G.: Factors influencing the perception and choice of adaptation measures to climate change among farmers in Nigeria. Evidence from farm households in Southwest Nigeria. Environmental Economics, 2 (4): 74-83, 2011.Google Scholar

  • [7] MUTEKWA, V.T.: Climate change impacts and adaptation in the agricultural sector: The case of smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 11: 237-256, 2009.Google Scholar

  • [8] DEBELA, N., MOHAMMED, C., BRIDLE, K., CORKREY, R., MCNEIL, D.: Perceptions of climate change and its impacts by smallholder farmers in pastoral/agropastoral systems of Borana, South Ethopia. Springer Open Journal, 4:236, 2015.Google Scholar

  • [9] MAPONYA, P.: Coping with climate change variability in Limpopo province, South Africa. Peak Journal of Agricultural Science, 4: 54-64, 2013.Google Scholar

  • [10] DERESSA, T.T., HASSAN, R.M., RINGLER, C., ALEMU, T., YESUF, M.: Determinants of farmer’s choice of adaptation methods to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia. Global Environmental Change, 19: 248-255, 2009.Google Scholar

  • [11] HASSAN, R., NHEMACHENA, C.: Determinants of African Farmers’ Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change: Multinomial Choice Analysis. African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 2: 83-104, 2008.Google Scholar

  • [12] KURUKULASURIYA, P., MANDELSOHN, R.: Crop Switching as an Adaptation Strategy to Climate Change. African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 2: 105-127, 2008.Google Scholar

  • [13] MENDELSOHN, R.: The Impact of climate change on agriculture in developing countries. Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research, 1(1):5-19, 2009.Google Scholar

  • [14] KOMBA, C., MUCHAPONDWA, E.: Adaptation to climate change by smallholder farmers in Tanzania. Discussion Paper Series, 15: 12, 2015.Google Scholar

  • [15] KURUKULASURIYA, P., MENDELSOHN, R., HASSAN, R., BENHIN, J., DERESSA, T., DIOP, M., EID, H.M., FOSU, K.Y., GBETIBOUO, G., JAIN, S., MAHAMADOU, A., MANO, R., KABUBOMARIARA, J., EL-MARSAFAWY, S., MOLUA, E., OUDA, S., OUEDRAOGO, M., SE´NE, I., MADDISON, D., SEO, S.N., DINAR, A.: Will African agriculture survive climate change? The World Bank Economic Review, 20 (3):367-388, 2006.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [16] AYDINALP, C., CRESSER, M. S.: The Effect of Global Climate Change on Agriculture. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science, 3 (5): 672 - 676, 2008.Google Scholar

  • [17] THAMANGA-CHITJA, J.M., MOROJELE, P.: The Context of Smallholder Farming in South Africa: Towards a Livelihood Asset Building Framework. Journal of Human Ecology, 45 (2): 147 -155, 2014.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18] CARE.: Understanding Vulnerability to Climate Change: Insights from Application of CARE’s Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis (CVCA) Methodology. CARE International Poverty, Environment and Climate Change Network (PECCN), 2011.Google Scholar

  • [19] GBETIBOUO, G.A., HASSAN, R.M., RINGLER, C.: (2010) Modelling farmers’ adaptation strategies for climate change and variability: the case of the Limpopo Basin, South Africa, 49:217-234, 2010.Google Scholar

  • [20] BELOW, T.B., MUTABAZI, K.D., KIRSCHKE, D., FRANKE, C., SIEBER, S., SIEBERT, R., TSCHERNING, K.: Can farmers’ adaptation to climate change be explained by socio-economic household-level variables? Global Environmental Change, 22:223-235, 2012.Google Scholar

  • [21] TURPIE, J., VISSER, M. (2013). The impact of climate change on South Africa’s rural areas, 2013.Google Scholar

  • [22] NHEMACHENA, C., HASSAN, R. M.: Micro-level Analysis of Farmers’ Adaptations to Climate Change in Southern Africa. IFPRI Discussion Paper No 714, Washington D.C, IFPRI, 2007.Google Scholar

  • [23] LDA.: The Mapping of Agricultural Commodity Production in the Limpopo province, South Africa, 2012.Google Scholar

  • [24] ZIERVOGEL, G., NEW, M., ARCHER VAN GARDEREN, E., MIDGLEY, G., TAYLOR, A., HAMANN, R., STUART-HILL, S., MYERS, J., WARBURTON, M.: Climate change impacts and adaptation in South Africa. Wires Climate Change, 5: 605-620, 2014.Google Scholar

  • [25] MAGOMBO, T., KANTHITI, G., PHIRI, G., KACHULU, M., KABULI, H.: Incidence of Indigenous and Innovative Climate Change Adaptation Practices for Smallholder Farmers’ Livelihood Security in Chikhwawa District, Southern Malawi. African Technology Policy Studies Network, 2011.Google Scholar

  • [26] GREENE, W.H.: Econometric analysis. Pearson Education, India, 2003.Google Scholar

  • [27] CHEROTICH, K.V., SAIDU, O., BEBE, O.B.: Access to climate change information and support services by the vulnerable groups in semi-arid Kenya for adaptive capacity development. Africa Crop Science Journal, 12: 169-180, 2012.Google Scholar

  • [28] NCUBE, A.: Impact of livelihood diversification on household food security: the case of Hurungwe district, Zimbabwe. Unpublished MA thesis, faculty of Development Studies, University of South Africa, 2012.Google Scholar

  • [29] MUDHARA, M.: Agrarian transformation in smallholder Agriculture in South Africa: A diagnosis of bottlenecks and public policy options. Farmer Support Group, School of Agricultural Sciences and Agribusiness, University of KwaZulu- Natal, 2010.Google Scholar

  • [30] STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA.: General Household Survey Series Volume IV. Food Security and Agriculture (2002-2011): In Depth analysis of General Household Survey. Statistics South Africa: Pretoria, 2012.Google Scholar

  • [31] CAPONE, R., BILALI, H. E., DEBS, P., CARDONE, G., DRIOUECH, N.: Food System Sustainability and Food Security: Connecting the Dots. Journal of Food Security, 2(1), 13-22, 2014.Google Scholar

  • [32] JIRI, O., MAFONGOYA, P., CHIVENGE, P.: Smallholder Farmer Perceptions on Climate Change and Variability: A Predis position for their Subsequent Adaptation Strategies. Journal of Earth Science and Climate Change 6: 277, 2015.Google Scholar

  • [33] IFAD.: Rural Poverty Report. http://www.ifad.org/rpr2011/, 2010.Google Scholar

  • [34] MAFONGOYA, O., MAFONGOYA, P. L., MUDHARA, M., JIRI, O.: Overburdening the Already Victimized: A Recap of Women’s Experiences on Climate Change and Variability in Southern Africa. Journal of Agricultural Science, in press, 2016.Google Scholar

  • [35] YILA, O.J., RESURRECCION, B.P.: Determinants of smallholder farmers’ adaptation strategies to climate change in the semi-arid Nguru Local Government Area, Northeastern Nigeria. Management of Environmental Quality, An International Journal, 24 (3), 2013.Google Scholar

  • [36] MADDISON, D.: The perception of and adaptation to climate change in Africa. CEEPA Discussion Paper No. 10. Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy in Africa, University of Pretoria, 2006.Google Scholar

  • [37] FAO.: Climate Change Implications for Food Security and Natural Resources Management on Africa, 2010.Google Scholar

  • [38] TAZEZE, A., HAJI, J., KETEMA, M.: Climate Change Adaptation Strategies of Smallholder Farmers: The Case of Babilie District, East Harerghe Zone of Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 3 (14): 1-12, 2012.Google Scholar

  • [39] ANTWI-AGYEI, P., STRINGER, L.C., DOUGILL, A.J.: Livelihood adaptations to climate variability: insights from farming households in Ghana. Regional Environmental Change 14: 1615 - 1626, 2014.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2016-09-12

Accepted: 2017-01-02

Published Online: 2017-04-21

Published in Print: 2017-01-01


Citation Information: Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 27–38, ISSN (Online) 2300-3669, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cass-2017-0003.

Export Citation

© 2017. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in