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Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems

Climate Change, Social Changes, Technological Development

Ed. by Inostroza, Luis / Fürst, Christine

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Emerging Science

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2300-3669
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Territorial cohesion through cross-border landscape policy? The European case of the Three Countries Park (BE-NL-DE)

Anja Brüll / Timo Matti Wirth
  • Aachen University, Chair of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Jakobstraße 2, 52056 Aachen, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Frank Lohrberg
  • Aachen University, Chair of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Jakobstraße 2, 52056 Aachen, Germany
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Annet Kempenaar
  • Wageningen University, Landscape Architecture Group, Droevendaalsesteeg 3, 36708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
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/ Marlies Brinkhuijsen
  • Wageningen University, Landscape Architecture Group, Droevendaalsesteeg 3, 36708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
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/ Marie- Françoise Godart
  • Université libre de Bruxelles, Institute for Environmental Management and Land-Use Planning (IGEAT), 50 av. F. D. Roosevelt CP 130/02, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
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/ Alain Coppens
  • Université libre de Bruxelles, Institute for Environmental Management and Land-Use Planning (IGEAT), 50 av. F. D. Roosevelt CP 130/02, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marc Nielsen
  • Terres en Villes, 40 avenue Marcelin Berthelot, CS 92608 - 38 036 Grenoble Cedex 2, France, Bureau parisien:22 rue Joubert, 75009 Paris, France
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Published Online: 2017-10-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cass-2017-0007

Abstract

Landscapes can be understood as socialecological systems under constant change. In Europe various territorial dynamics pose persistent challenges to maintaining diverse landscapes both as European heritage and in their capacity to provide vital functions and services. Concurrently, under the competence of cohesion policy, the EU is attempting to improve policy making by better policy coordination and respecting regional specifics. This paper explores the question how a policy dedicated to landscape can help to handle territorial change and support territorial cohesion. It presents results and performances of the ESPON applied research study LP3LP: (1) a common landscape policy for the Three Countries Park, across the Dutch, German and Belgium borders, including a spatial landscape vision, a governance proposal of adaptive landscape management, and thematic strategies dealing with green infrastructure, cultural heritage, complementary biomass and quality production; (2) recommendations at the EU level. In discussing the significance of a landscape approach for EU policy,three dimensions of landscape are linked withimportant aspects of territorial cohesion: ‘landscape as asset’ addressing natural-cultural territorial capital as an indigenous base forsmart, sustainable, and inclusivedevelopment;‘landscape as place’ stressing the relevance of landscape for place-based policies; and ‘landscape as common ground’ highlighting its potential for horizontal, vertical, and territorial integration.

Keywords: Territorial cohesion; cross-border region; landscape; quality objectives; spatial functions; ecosystem services; place-based policy

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About the article

Received: 2014-09-19

Accepted: 2017-07-18

Published Online: 2017-10-28

Published in Print: 2017-10-26


Citation Information: Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 68–92, ISSN (Online) 2300-3669, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cass-2017-0007.

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