Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)

Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario

Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Greaves, Ronda / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 3.556

CiteScore 2018: 2.44

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.191
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.205

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 36, Issue 5


Developments in Quantitative PCR

Claudio Orlando / Pamela Pinzani / Mario Pazzagli
Published Online: 2005-06-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.1998.045


In recent years the growing interest in quantitative applications of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has favoured the development of a large number of assay procedures suitable for this purpose. In this paper we review some basic principles of quantitative PCR and in particular the role of reference materials and calibrators and the different strategies adopted for nucleic acid quantification. We focus on two methodological approaches for quantitative PCR in this review: competitive PCR and real-time quantitative PCR based on the use of fluorogenic probes. The first is one of the most common methods of quantitative PCR and we discuss the structure of the competitors and the various assay procedures. The second section is dedicated to a recent promising technology for quantitative PCR in which the use of fluorogenic probes and dedicated instrumentation allows the development of homogeneous methods. Assay performance of these methods in terms of practicability and reliability indicates that these kinds of technologies will have a widespread use in the clinical laboratory in the near future.

About the article

Published Online: 2005-06-01

Published in Print: 1998-05-01

Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Volume 36, Issue 5, Pages 255–269, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.1998.045.

Export Citation

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Ryan F. Relich and April N. Abbott
Advances in Molecular Pathology, 2018, Volume 1, Number 1, Page 97
Nicola Luchi, Luisa Ghelardini, Lassaâd Belbahri, Marion Quartier, and Alberto Santini
Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2013, Volume 79, Number 17, Page 5394
M Jørgensen, B Vendelbo, N E Skakkebaek, and H Leffers
Environmental Health Perspectives, 2000, Volume 108, Number 5, Page 403
Yabo Fang, Le Diao, Fengying Zhang, Lingbo Ma, Mengdi Zhao, Dan Zhang, Manman Sun, Yan Pi, Zhenguo Qiao, and Keji Jiang
Crustaceana, 2018, Volume 91, Number 10, Page 1195
Anaque de Oliveira Pires, Gerson de Almeida Queiroz, Milca de Jesus Silva, Raimon Rios da Silva, Hugo Bernardino Ferreira da Silva, Norma Vilany Queiroz Carneiro, Héllen Freitas Fonseca, Maria Borges Rabelo de Santana, Regina Santos Nascimento, Neuza Maria Alcântara-Neves, Gustavo Nunes de Oliveira Costa, Ryan dos Santos Costa, Maurício L. Barreto, and Camila Alexandrina Figueiredo
Molecular Immunology, 2018, Volume 101, Page 294
Joel G. Hashimoto, Amy S. Beadles-Bohling, and Kristine M. Wiren
BioTechniques, 2004, Volume 36, Number 1, Page 54
C. Tricarico, B. Salvadori, D. Villari, G. Nicita, A. Della Melina, P. Pinzani, M. Ziche, and M. Pazzagli
The International Journal of Biological Markers, 1999, Volume 14, Number 4, Page 247
Marianne D. De Backer, Bart Nelissen, Marc Logghe, Jasmine Viaene, Inge Loonen, Sandy Vandoninck, Ronald de Hoogt, Sylviane Dewaele, Fermin A. Simons, Peter Verhasselt, Greet Vanhoof, Roland Contreras, and Walter H.M.L. Luyten
Nature Biotechnology, 2001, Volume 19, Number 3, Page 235
Annalisa Orenti and Ettore Marubini
The International Journal of Biological Markers, 2014, Volume 29, Number 4, Page 317
E. Marubini, P. Verderio, C. Casini Raggi, M. Pazzagli, and C. Orlando
The International Journal of Biological Markers, 2004, Volume 19, Number 2, Page 141
P. Verderio, C. Orlando, C. Casini Raggi, and E. Marubini
The International Journal of Biological Markers, 2004, Volume 19, Number 1, Page 76
Won Jae Lee, Sarah J Roberts-Thomson, Nicola A Holman, Fiona J May, Gillian M Lehrbach, and Gregory R Monteith
Cellular Signalling, 2002, Volume 14, Number 12, Page 1015
Oncology Reports, 2016, Volume 35, Number 4, Page 1905
Raimon Rios, Hugo Bernardino Ferreira da Silva, Norma Vilany Queiroz Carneiro, Anaque de Oliveira Pires, Tamires Cana Brasil Carneiro, Ryan dos Santos Costa, Cintia Rodrigues Marques, Marta Santos Serafim Machado, Eudes da Silva Velozo, Telma M.G. da Silva, Tania M.S. da Silva, Adilva de Souza Conceição, Neuza Maria Alcântara-Neves, and Camila Alexandrina Figueiredo
Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2017, Volume 209, Page 32
Yan Ru Su, MacRae F. Linton, and Sergio Fazio
Journal of Lipid Research, 2002, Volume 43, Number 12, Page 2180
Wen Shi, Aochen Song, Shuai Gao, Yuting Wang, Lijie Tang, Yigang Xu, Tong Ren, Yijing Li, and Min Liu
Molecular and Cellular Probes, 2017, Volume 34, Page 13
Suge Wu, Bin Liu, Zuoqing Yuan, Xiufang Zhang, Hong Liu, Qiuxiang Pang, and Bosheng Zhao
Invertebrate Neuroscience, 2017, Volume 17, Number 2
Zi-Shu Chen, Ning-Ning Han, Jian-Hong Li, Hu Wan, and Guo-Hua Huang
Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 2017, Volume 20, Number 2, Page 463
Harald H. Kessler and Evelyn Stelzl
Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics, 2017, Volume 17, Number 4, Page 311
Melissa C Southey, Zhi L Teo, James G Dowty, Fabrice A Odefrey, Daniel J Park, Marc Tischkowitz, Nelly Sabbaghian, Carmel Apicella, Graham B Byrnes, Ingrid Winship, Laura Baglietto, Graham G Giles, David E Goldgar, William D Foulkes, and John L Hopper
Breast Cancer Research, 2010, Volume 12, Number 6
Beate M. Crossley, Sharon K. Hietala, Liu-Mei Shih, Lou Lee, Evan W. Skowronski, and Alex A. Ardans
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 2005, Volume 17, Number 2, Page 124
Ping Xie, Jon R. Sayers, and Janine Santos
PLoS ONE, 2011, Volume 6, Number 1, Page e16213
Dao Pan, Roland Gunther, Weiming Duan, Steve Wendell, William Kaemmerer, Tal Kafri, Inder M. Verma, and Chester B. Whitley
Molecular Therapy, 2002, Volume 6, Number 1, Page 19
James T. Tambong, Renlin Xu, Fouad Daayf, Stephan Brière, Guillaume J. Bilodeau, Raymond Tropiano, Allison Hartke, Lana M. Reid, Morgan Cott, Tammy Cote, and Irina Agarkova
Phytopathology, 2016, Volume 106, Number 12, Page 1473
Benjamin Maasoumy and Johannes Vermehren
Journal of Hepatology, 2016, Volume 65, Number 1, Page S67
Yong-Lee Ong and Alexandra Irvine
Hematology, 2002, Volume 7, Number 1, Page 59
Xing Kang, Rong Chen, Min Han, Zhengbin Liu, Jinhui Liu, Penggao Dai, Chao Chen, and Huijuan Wang
Pharmacogenomics, 2016, Volume 17, Number 1, Page 47
Marten Szibor and Henning Morawietz
Technical Tips Online, 2001, Volume 6, Number 1, Page 4
Daniel Weiss, Thomas Heinkele, and Claudia Rudack
Journal of Medical Virology, 2015, Volume 87, Number 5, Page 860
Kaveh Amini and Heinz-Bernhard Kraatz
Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology, 2015, Volume 14, Number 1, Page 23
Judith M. Binstock
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 2007, Volume 97, Number 2, Page 134
K. D. Dunkley, J. L. McReynolds, M. E. Hume, C. S. Dunkley, T. R. Callaway, L. F. Kubena, D. J. Nisbet, and S. C. Ricke
Poultry Science, 2007, Volume 86, Number 8, Page 1633
Tsvetan Kardashliev, Anna Joëlle Ruff, Jing Zhao, and Ulrich Schwaneberg
Molecular Biotechnology, 2014, Volume 56, Number 3, Page 274
Sonia N. Yeung, Andrea Butler, and Paul J. Mackenzie
Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology / Journal Canadien d'Ophtalmologie, 2009, Volume 44, Number 1, Page 23
Wei Ma, Honghong Yin, Liguang Xu, Libing Wang, Hua Kuang, and Chuanlai Xu
Chemical Communications, 2013, Volume 49, Number 47, Page 5369
A. A. Stakheev, D. R. Khairulina, D. Yu. Ryazantsev, and S. K. Zavriev
Russian Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry, 2013, Volume 39, Number 2, Page 153
Dagmar Kratky, Robert Zimmermann, Elke M. Wagner, Juliane G. Strauss, Weijun Jin, Gerhard M. Kostner, Guenter Haemmerle, Daniel J. Rader, and Rudolf Zechner
Journal of Clinical Investigation, 2005, Volume 115, Number 1, Page 161
S P Jonstrup, S Kahns, H F Skall, T S Boutrup, and N J Olesen
Journal of Fish Diseases, 2013, Volume 36, Number 1, Page 9
Khue Vu Nguyen, Robert K. Naviaux, Kacie K. Paik, Tomohiro Nakayama, and William L. Nyhan
Nucleosides, Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids, 2012, Volume 31, Number 8, Page 616
Ye Lu, Liangjun Li, Yong Zhou, Qingsong Gao, Guohua Liang, Xuehao Chen, and Xiaohua Qi
Plant Molecular Biology Reporter, 2012, Volume 30, Number 5, Page 1210
Kingsley D. Dunkley, Todd R. Callaway, Corliss A. O'Bryan, Megan M. Kundinger, Claudia S. Dunkley, Robin C. Anderson, David J. Nisbet, Philip G. Crandall, and Steven C. Ricke
Food Biotechnology, 2012, Volume 26, Number 3, Page 239
Adrian E. Platts, Graham D. Johnson, Amelia K. Linnemann, and Stephen A. Krawetz
Analytical Biochemistry, 2008, Volume 380, Number 2, Page 315
Lawrence P. Fernando, Philip J. Kurian, Melihat Fidan, and Daniel J. Fernandes
Analytical Biochemistry, 2002, Volume 306, Number 2, Page 212
Borros Arneth
Analytical Biochemistry, 2009, Volume 384, Number 2, Page 305
Borros Arneth
Analytical Biochemistry, 2009, Volume 385, Number 1, Page 26
Gary C.W. Chan, Anskar Y.H. Leung, Anders S.Y. Wong, Kwok Wah Chan, Yok Lam Kwong, Kar Neng Lai, and Sydney C.W. Tang
Renal Failure, 2012, Volume 34, Number 5, Page 550
Malin Nygren, Mostafa Ronaghi, Pål Nyrén, Jan Albert, and Joakim Lundeberg
Analytical Biochemistry, 2001, Volume 288, Number 1, Page 28
David Cassiman, Tania Roskams, Jos van Pelt, Louis Libbrecht, Paula Aertsen, Tina Crabbé, Hugo Vankelecom, and Carl Denef
Journal of Hepatology, 2001, Volume 35, Number 2, Page 200
Estel Van der Gucht, Ann Massie, Bert De Klerck, Kristel Peeters, Kurt Winters, Helga H.J Gerets, Stefan Clerens, Frans Vandesande, and Lutgarde Arckens
Molecular Brain Research, 2003, Volume 111, Number 1-2, Page 198
Cornelia Reena Joseph, Prajna Lalitha, Kavitha R. Sivaraman, Kim Ramasamy, and Umesh Chandra Behera
American Journal of Ophthalmology, 2012, Volume 153, Number 6, Page 1031
Åsa Sjöling, Anna Walentinsson, Carola Nordlander, Åsa Karlsson, Afrouz Behboudi, Emma Samuelson, Göran Levan, and Dan Röhme
Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics, 2005, Volume 157, Number 2, Page 97
Limei Zhang, Xingzhong Liu, Shuifang Zhu, and Senyu Chen
Biological Control, 2006, Volume 36, Number 3, Page 316
K.D. Dunkley, T.R. Callaway, V.I. Chalova, R.C. Anderson, M.M. Kundinger, C.S. Dunkley, D.J. Nisbet, and S.C. Ricke
Anaerobe, 2008, Volume 14, Number 1, Page 35
N. Luchi, V. Mancini, M. Feducci, A. Santini, and P. Capretti
Forest Pathology, 2012, Volume 42, Number 3, Page 246
P. Cruz-Perez, M.P. Buttner, and L.D. Stetzenbach
Molecular and Cellular Probes, 2001, Volume 15, Number 3, Page 129
P. Cruz-Perez, M.P. Buttner, and L.D. Stetzenbach
Molecular and Cellular Probes, 2001, Volume 15, Number 2, Page 81
Ales Tichopad, Andrea Didier, and Michael W Pfaffl
Molecular and Cellular Probes, 2004, Volume 18, Number 1, Page 45
E.M. Hevrøy, A-E.O. Jordal, I. Hordvik, M. Espe, G-I. Hemre, and P.A. Olsvik
Aquaculture, 2006, Volume 252, Number 2-4, Page 453
Yongbaek Kim, Saad M Gharaibeh, Nancy L Stedman, and Tom P Brown
Journal of Virological Methods, 2002, Volume 102, Number 1-2, Page 1
Madhu Singh, Annie Dicaire, Adil E Wakil, Carolyn Luscombe, and Stephen L Sacks
Journal of Virological Methods, 2004, Volume 118, Number 2, Page 159
Paolo Pugnale, Patrizia Latorre, Christine Rossi, Katia Crovatto, Valerio Pazienza, Andrea De Gottardi, and Francesco Negro
Journal of Virological Methods, 2006, Volume 133, Number 2, Page 195
Anskar Y.H Leung, Maggie Chan, Sydney C.W Tang, Raymond Liang, and Y.L Kwong
Journal of Virological Methods, 2002, Volume 103, Number 1, Page 51
Bok-Soon Min, Yoon-Ju Noh, Jin-Ho Shin, Sun-Young Baek, Kyung-Il Min, Seung-Rel Ryu, Byoung-Guk Kim, Mi-Kyung Park, Seung-Eun Choi, Eun-Hee Yang, Sue-Nie Park, Sook-Jin Hur, and Byung-Yoon Ahn
Journal of Virological Methods, 2006, Volume 137, Number 2, Page 280
Urška Jamnikar Ciglenečki, Jože Grom, Ivan Toplak, Lorena Jemeršić, and Darja Barlič-Maganja
Journal of Virological Methods, 2008, Volume 147, Number 2, Page 257
Pamela Pinzani, Claudio Orlando, Claudia Casini Raggi, Vito Distante, Rosa Valanzano, Carmela Tricarico, Mario Maggi, Mario Serio, and Mario Pazzagli
Regulatory Peptides, 2001, Volume 99, Number 2-3, Page 79
Youngmin Kang, Lynn Prewitt, Susan Diehl, and Darrel Nicholas
International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 2010, Volume 64, Number 7, Page 545
Raquel Cuchacovich
Infectious Disease Clinics of North America, 2006, Volume 20, Number 4, Page 735
Donna Wolk, Shawn Mitchell, and Robin Patel
Infectious Disease Clinics of North America, 2001, Volume 15, Number 4, Page 1157
Meile Liu, Claudia Udhe-Stone, and Chetan T. Goudar
Biotechnology Progress, 2011, Volume 27, Number 5, Page 1407
Tetsuro Horikoshi and Manabu Sakakibara
Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 2000, Volume 99, Number 1-2, Page 45
Wayne A Marasco, Joyce LaVecchio, and Aaron Winkler
Journal of Immunological Methods, 1999, Volume 231, Number 1-2, Page 223
Christine Brostjan, Teresa Bellón, Yuri Sobanov, Miguel López-Botet, and Erhard Hofer
Journal of Immunological Methods, 2002, Volume 264, Number 1-2, Page 109
Kuzio Sylvain, Hanguehard Aurélie, Morelle Marc, and Ronsin Christophe
Journal of Immunological Methods, 2004, Volume 287, Number 1-2, Page 179
Shaw-Jye Wu, Alex Chan, and Clarence I. Kado
Journal of Microbiological Methods, 2004, Volume 56, Number 3, Page 395
Charles E Shelburne, Anila Prabhu, Raymond M Gleason, Brian H Mullally, and Wilson A Coulter
Journal of Microbiological Methods, 2000, Volume 39, Number 2, Page 97
G. Taylor, X. Wang, and S. H. Jabaji-Hare
Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 2003, Volume 25, Number 1, Page 49
Christian Skarits, Susanna Fischer, and Oskar A. Haas
Clinica Chimica Acta, 2003, Volume 336, Number 1-2, Page 27
Michael Adler, Martin Langer, Klaus Witthohn, Jürgen Eck, Dietmar Blohm, and Christof M Niemeyer
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 2003, Volume 300, Number 3, Page 757
Gang Zhou, Wenbo Cai, Xiaolei Liu, Chengming Niu, Caixia Gao, Changde Si, Wei Zhang, Liandong Qu, and Lingxia Han
Journal of Virological Methods, 2011, Volume 173, Number 2, Page 275
Weihong Liu and David A. Saint
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 2002, Volume 294, Number 2, Page 347
S.J. Vandecasteele, W.E. Peetermans, R. Merckx, M. Van Ranst, and J. Van Eldere
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 2002, Volume 291, Number 3, Page 528
Kiyun Park and Inn-Sil Kwak
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology, 2009, Volume 150, Number 3, Page 361
Raquel Cuchacovich, Stephen Quinet, and Ana Maria Santos
Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America, 2003, Volume 29, Number 1, Page 1
Michael J. LaGier, Christopher A. Scholin, Jack W. Fell, Joseph Wang, and Kelly D. Goodwin
Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2005, Volume 50, Number 11, Page 1251
Michael M Hayes, Brian R Lane, Steven R King, David M Markovitz, and Michael J Coffey
Cellular Immunology, 2002, Volume 215, Number 1, Page 61
Christoph Czermak, Michael Lehofer, Helmut Renger, Elke M Wagner, Leonidas Lemonis, Alfred Rohrhofer, Konrad Schauenstein, and Peter M Liebmann
Journal of Neuroimmunology, 2004, Volume 150, Number 1-2, Page 145
Ben-Wen Li, Amy C Rush, Jie Tan, and Gary J Weil
Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, 2004, Volume 137, Number 2, Page 329
Joeri L.E Aerts, Marie-Rose Christiaens, and Philippe Vandekerckhove
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects, 2002, Volume 1571, Number 3, Page 167
Chinuyo Sumita, Makiko Maeda, Yasushi Fujio, Jooyeon Kim, Junko Fujitsu, Soji Kasayama, Isamu Yamamoto, and Junichi Azuma
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects, 2004, Volume 1673, Number 3, Page 115
Burkhard Malorny, Panayotis T. Tassios, Peter Rådström, Nigel Cook, Martin Wagner, and Jeffrey Hoorfar
International Journal of Food Microbiology, 2003, Volume 83, Number 1, Page 39
Marco Ladetto, Paola Omedè, Selina Sametti, John W. Donovan, Monica Astolfi, Daniela Drandi, Federica Volpato, Luisa Giaccone, Fulvia Giaretta, Antonio Palumbo, Benedetto Bruno, Alessandro Pileri, John G. Gribben, and Mario Boccadoro
Experimental Hematology, 2002, Volume 30, Number 6, Page 529
Mian Xu, Garret B. Nelson, Joseph E. Moore, Thomas P. McCoy, Jian Dai, Richard A. Manderville, Jeffrey A. Ross, and Mark Steven Miller
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 2005, Volume 209, Number 1, Page 28
Christian Drosten, Ewald Müller-Kunert, Manfred Dietrich, Johannes Gerdes, and Herbert Schmitz
The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, 2005, Volume 7, Number 2, Page 219
Carmela Tricarico, Pamela Pinzani, Simonetta Bianchi, Milena Paglierani, Vito Distante, Mario Pazzagli, Stephen A Bustin, and Claudio Orlando
Analytical Biochemistry, 2002, Volume 309, Number 2, Page 293
Susan Liddell, Mark C Jenkins, and J.P Dubey
International Journal for Parasitology, 1999, Volume 29, Number 10, Page 1583
Pietro Gareri, Daniele Condorelli, Natale Belluardo, Emilio Russo, Antonella Loiacono, Vincenza Barresi, Angela Trovato-Salinato, Melita B. Mirone, Guido Ferreri Ibbadu, and Giovambattista De Sarro
Neuropharmacology, 2004, Volume 47, Number 8, Page 1205
M.F. Adrover, M.J. Muñoz, M.V. Baez, J. Thomas, A.R. Kornblihtt, A.L. Epstein, and D.A. Jerusalinsky
Biochimie, 2010, Volume 92, Number 12, Page 1839
Shailesh V. Shrikhande, Helmut Friess, Fabio F. di Mola, Adrien Tempia-Caliera, José R. Conejo Garcia, Zhaowen Zhu, Arthur Zimmermann, and Markus W. Büchler
Pain, 2001, Volume 91, Number 3, Page 209
Trends in Biotechnology, 2000, Volume 18, Number 4, Page 141
Linda D Stetzenbach, Mark P Buttner, and Patricia Cruz
Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 2004, Volume 15, Number 3, Page 170
Priscilla Declerck, Jonas Behets, Elke Lammertyn, Ilya Lebeau, Jozef Anné, and Frans Ollevier
Canadian Journal of Microbiology, 2006, Volume 52, Number 6, Page 584
Brian B Spear, Margo Heath-Chiozzi, and Jeffrey Huff
Trends in Molecular Medicine, 2001, Volume 7, Number 5, Page 201
Peter Büchler, Jose R. Conejo-Garcia, Gesa Lehmann, Markus Müller, Thomas Emrich, Howard A. Reber, Markus W. Büchler, and Helmut Friess
Pancreas, 2001, Volume 22, Number 4, Page 331
Zdenka L. Jonak, Stephen Trulli, Curtis Maier, Francis L. McCabe, Robert Kirkpatrick, Kyung Johanson, Yen Sen Ho, Louis Elefante, Yi-Jiun Chen, Danuta Herzyk, Michael T. Lotze, and Randall K. Johnson
Journal of Immunotherapy, 2002, Volume 25, Page S20
Norman E. Watkins, William J. Kennelly, Mike J. Tsay, Astrid Tuin, Lara Swenson, Hyung-Ran Lee, Svetlana Morosyuk, Donald A. Hicks, and John SantaLucia
Nucleic Acids Research, 2011, Volume 39, Number 5, Page 1894
Kathryn Becker, Dao Pan, and Chester B. Whitley
Human Gene Therapy, 1999, Volume 10, Number 15, Page 2559
M. Banni, F. Dondero, J. Jebali, H. Guerbej, H. Boussetta, and A. Viarengo
Biomarkers, 2007, Volume 12, Number 4, Page 369
Stefania Gelmini, Carmela Tricarico, Luisa Petrone, Gianni Forti, Andrea Amorosi, Giovanni L. Dedola, Mario Serio, Mario Pazzagli, and Claudio Orlando
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 2003, Volume 41, Number 3
Claudia Casini Raggi, Paolo Verderio, Mario Pazzagli, Ettore Marubini, Lisa Simi, Pamela Pinzani, Angelo Paradiso, and Claudio Orlando
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM), 2005, Volume 43, Number 5
Toyoichiro Kudo, Hiroto Egawa, Kiyotaka Kuzushima, Hiroshi Kimura, Tsuneo Morishima, and Satoshi Ichiyama
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 2001, Volume 39, Number 9
Stefania Gelmini, Carmela Tricarico, Giovanna Vona, Lorenzo Livi, Alessandro Della Melina, Sergio Serni, Enrico Cellai, Stefano Magrini, Donata Villari, Marco Carini, Mario Serio, Gianni Forti, Mario Pazzagli, and Claudio Orlando
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 2001, Volume 39, Number 5
J.J. Going and B.A. Gusterson
European Journal of Cancer, 1999, Volume 35, Number 14, Page 1895
J. Lu, E. Swinnen, P. Proost, B. De Vreese, H. Vankelecom, and C. Denef
Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 2002, Volume 14, Number 11, Page 869
Noam Alkan, Vijay Gadkar, Joel Coburn, Oded Yarden, and Yoram Kapulnik
New Phytologist, 2004, Volume 161, Number 3, Page 877
Dong GAO, Yun-Yue WANG, Xia-Hong HE, Cheng-Yun LI, and You-Yong ZHU
Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 2010, Volume 31, Number 1, Page 75
Simon D. Atkins, Ian M. Clark, Sonal Pande, Penny R. Hirsch, and Brian R. Kerry
FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2005, Volume 51, Number 2, Page 257
Yasuyuki Nagasawa, Masaru Takenaka, Yasuko Matsuoka, Enyu Imai, and Masatsugu Hori
Kidney International, 2000, Volume 57, Number 2, Page 717
Shujian Chang, Weichang Chen, and Jicheng Yang
Molecular Biology Reports, 2009, Volume 36, Number 8, Page 2165
Christoph Czermak, Michael Lehofer, Elke M. Wagner, Barbara Prietl, Leonidas Lemonis, Alfred Rohrhofer, Konrad Schauenstein, and Peter M. Liebmann
Addiction, 2004, Volume 99, Number 2, Page 251
Maria Carollo, Cory M Hogaboam, Stephen L Kunkel, Stephen Delaney, Mark I Christie, and Mauro Perretti
British Journal of Pharmacology, 2001, Volume 134, Number 6, Page 1166
S. Li, G. L. Hartman, L. L. Domier, and D. Boykin
Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 2008, Volume 117, Number 3, Page 343
J. Böhm, A. Hahn, R. Schubert, G. Bahnweg, N. Adler, J. Nechwatal, R. Oehlmann, and W. Obszwald
Journal of Phytopathology, 1999, Volume 147, Number 7-8, Page 409
J.T. Tambong, K.N. Mwange, M. Bergeron, T. Ding, F. Mandy, L.M. Reid, and X. Zhu
Journal of Applied Microbiology, 2008, Volume 104, Number 5, Page 1525
K. Tepšič and G. Avguštin
Folia Microbiologica, 2001, Volume 46, Number 1, Page 87
Jia-Min Wu
Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2003, Volume 1, Number 1, Page 35
Molecular Ecology Notes, 2007, Volume 7, Number 6, Page 947
Megan M. Kundinger, Irene B. Zabala-Díaz, Vesela Ivanova Chalova, Woo-Kyun Kim, Randy W. Moore, and Steven C. Ricke
Sensing and Instrumentation for Food Quality and Safety, 2007, Volume 1, Number 3, Page 99
Atsushi Hashimoto, Toshimichi Matsui, Sumiaki Tanaka, Akira Ishikawa, Hirahito Endo, Shunsei Hirohata, Hirobumi Kondo, Elena Neumann, Ingo Helmut Tarner, and Ulf Müller-Ladner
Modern Rheumatology, 2007, Volume 17, Number 3, Page 185
Antonio C. Oliveira, Marcelo A. Vallim, Camile P. Semighini, Welington L. Araújo, Gustavo H. Goldman, and Marcos A. Machado
Phytopathology, 2002, Volume 92, Number 10, Page 1048
Luisa Benerini Gatta, Alberto Albertini, Rivka Ravid, and Dario Finazzi
NeuroReport, 2002, Volume 13, Number 16, Page 2031
S. P. Zhao, X. Q. Zhao, S. M. Li, and W. M. Shi
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 2006, Volume 53, Number 4, Page 560
Heather S. Floyd, Jamie E. Jennings-Gee, Nancy D. Kock, and Mark Steven Miller
Molecular Carcinogenesis, 2006, Volume 45, Number 7, Page 506
N. Luchi, P. Capretti, A.M. Vettraino, A. Vannini, P. Pinzani, and M. Pazzagli
Letters in Applied Microbiology, 2006, Volume 43, Number 1, Page 33
E. D. Han Lee, C. C. Kemball, J. Wang, Y. Dong, D. C. Stapler, K. M. Hamby, S. Gangappa, K. A. Newell, T. C. Pearson, A. E. Lukacher, and C. P. Larsen
American Journal of Transplantation, 2006, Volume 6, Number 5p1, Page 913
A. K. Lees, S. J. Wale, P. van de Graaf, and J. L. Brierley
Australasian Plant Pathology, 2005, Volume 34, Number 4, Page 449
Hugo Vankelecom, Eve Seuntjens, Annelies Hauspie, and Carl Denef
Journal of Biomedical Science, 2003, Volume 10, Number 6, Page 805
N. Luchi, P. Capretti, P. Pinzani, C. Orlando, and M. Pazzagli
Letters in Applied Microbiology, 2005, Volume 41, Number 1, Page 61
Jyoti Keswani, Michael L. Kashon, and Bean T. Chen
Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 2005, Volume 7, Number 4, Page 311
Siqing Xia, Feng Wang, Yigang Fu, Dianhai Yang, and Xingmao Ma
Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 2005, Volume 89, Number 6, Page 656
N. Luchi, P. Capretti, G. Surico, C. Orlando, M. Pazzagli, and P. Pinzani
Journal of Phytopathology, 2005, Volume 153, Number 1, Page 37
D. W. Cullen, A. K. Lees, I. K. Toth, and J. M. Duncan
Plant Pathology, 2002, Volume 51, Number 3, Page 281
A. K. Lees and A. J. Hilton
Plant Pathology, 2003, Volume 52, Number 1, Page 3
Jörg Dötsch, Ellen Schoof, Harald O. Schöcklmann, Bernhard Brüne, Ina Knerr, Reinald Repp, and Wolfgang Rascher
Kidney International, 2002, Volume 61, Number 5, Page 1707
P. Pinzani, L. Bonciani, M. Pazzagli, C. Orlando, S. Guerrini, and L. Granchi
Letters in Applied Microbiology, 2004, Volume 38, Number 2, Page 118
A. Podmore, M. Smith, G. Savidge, and A. Alhaq
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 2004, Volume 2, Number 10, Page 1713
I.M. Mackay
Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 2004, Volume 10, Number 3, Page 190
Y. Kadota, M. Okumura, S. Miyoshi, S. Kitagawa-Sakakida, M. Inoue, H. Shiono, Y. Maeda, T. Kinoshita, R. Shirakura, and H. Matsuda
Clinical and Experimental Immunology, 2000, Volume 121, Number 1, Page 59
Estelle B. Gauda
Microscopy Research and Technique, 2002, Volume 59, Number 3, Page 153
Nigel J. Walker
Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology, 2001, Volume 15, Number 3, Page 121
Cristina Hartshorn, John E. Rice, and Lawrence J. Wangh
Molecular Reproduction and Development, 2002, Volume 61, Number 4, Page 425
Carmen Chung, Teresa Tallerico, and Philip Seeman
Synapse, 2003, Volume 50, Number 1, Page 29

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in