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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)

Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario

Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Greaves, Ronda / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 3.638

CiteScore 2018: 2.44

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.191
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.205

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Volume 38, Issue 3


On-Line Analysis of Electrolytes in Extracorporeally Circulating Blood: Application of a Rat Model to Examine the Effect of a Single Pharma-cological Dose of Melatonin on Electrolyte Levels in Blood

Jens P. Heidrich / Anja Niemeier / Michael Seyfarth / Leif Dibbelt
Published Online: 2005-06-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2000.031


An experimental model was developed to study the kinetics of electrolytes under different physiological and/or pathological conditions. The model was applied to investigate in vivothe effect of a pharmacological dose of melatonin on the concentrations of Ca2+, K+, Na+, and pH in the anticoagulated blood of anaesthetized male Wistar rats (250–350 g). After the application of 0.25 mg melatonin/kg body weight, injected intraperitoneally into each of 8 rats, the electrolytes were measured by a flow-through system with highly sensitive ion-selective electrodes. The results were compared to a control group (n=8) which was treated with diluent (saline). The electrolytes were monitored continuously via an extracorporeal circulation, on-going for at least 60 min. Melatonin induced a significant increase of blood Ca2+ (p<0.02) by an average of 9.9% after 60 min. However, total calcium concentration did not increase significantly. The extracorporeal circulation provoked an elevation of K+ by hemolysis. This K+ increase was slightly diminished by melatonin (p<0.06). No melatonin effects were seen on Na+, pH and magnesium in blood and plasma, respectively. Also, the urine concentrations of the electrolytes were not altered by melatonin. The mechanism by which melatonin influences the blood concentrations of ionized calcium and potassium is not yet understood.

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Published Online: 2005-06-01

Published in Print: 2000-03-25

Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Volume 38, Issue 3, Pages 215–220, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2000.031.

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