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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)

Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario

Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Greaves, Ronda / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 3.556

CiteScore 2018: 2.44

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.191
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.205

Online
ISSN
1437-4331
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Volume 38, Issue 5

Issues

Concentration of Lp(a) and other Apolipoproteins in Predialysis, Hemodialysis, Chronic Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis and Post-Transplant Patients

Elzbieta Kimak / Janusz Solski / Lucyna Janicka / Andrzej Ksaziek / Krzysztof Janicki
Published Online: 2005-06-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2000.061

Abstract

Serum levels of lipids, lipoprotein(a) Lp(a) and other apolipoproteins were determined in 47 predialysis patients, 40 hemodialysis (HD) patients, 39 chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, 11 patients after kidney transplantation and 47 healthy subjects as reference group.

The predialysis, HD, and CAPD patients had disturbances in the concentration of serum triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, apolipoprotein AI (apoAI), total apoCIII, apoCIII present in the particles without apoB (apoCIII non B), and Lp(a) and HDL-cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol/apoAI, apoAI/apoB, and apoAI/apoCIII ratios. Predialysis patients had significantly lower concentrations of HDL-cholesterol and total apoE levels than CAPD patients and total apoE level than HD patients.

Moreover, both HD and CAPD patients had significantly increased levels of apoB containing apoE (apoB:E) and apoB containing apoCIII (apoB:CIII). The concentrations of serum TG, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, apoB, Lp(a) in CAPD patients were statistically higher than in HD patients. The patients after transplantation demonstrated normalization of lipid and lipoprotein parameters and lipoprotein ratios except serum levels of TG, total apoCIII, apoCIII non B and the apoAI/apoCIII ratio.

We concluded that abnormal lipid and lipoprotein concentrations in patients with uremia may be the cause of their high risk of atherosclerosis, but post-transplant patients exhibited improved levels of serum lipids, Lp(a) and other lipoprotein parameters and lipoprotein composition, which could be an index of decreased atherogenic status.

About the article

Published Online: 2005-06-01

Published in Print: 2000-05-21


Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Volume 38, Issue 5, Pages 421–425, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2000.061.

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