Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)
Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)
Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario
Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter / Tate, Jillian R.
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Transformation in the PC-Aided Biochemical Data Analysis
Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. Volume 38, Issue 6, Pages 553–559, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: 10.1515/CCLM.2000.081, June 2005
- Published Online:
Data transformations enable expression of original data in a new scale, more suitable for data analysis. In computer-aided interactive analysis of biochemical and clinical data an exploratory data analysis often finds that the sample distribution is systematically skewed or does not accept a sample homogeneity. Under such circumstances the original data should be transformed. The power transformation and the Box-Cox transformation improve sample symmetry and also stabilize variance. Both the Hines-Hines selection graph and the plot of logarithm of a maximum likelihood function allow selection of an optimum transformation parameter. The proposed procedure of data transformation in univariate data analysis is illustrated on a determination of 17-hydroxypregnenolone in umbilical blood of a population of newborns. Lower levels of free 5-ene steroids in umbilical blood and elevated levels of 5-ene steroid sulfates indicate a congenital sex-specific placental sulfatase insufficiency. After examination of statistical assumptions by diagnostic plots of an exploratory data analysis the best estimate of a mean value of 17-hydroxypregnenolone is derived.
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