Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)
Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)
Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario
Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Greaves, Ronda / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter
IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 3.638
CiteScore 2018: 2.44
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.191
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.205
Cancer Therapy and Polymorphisms of Cytochromes P450
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes are important in the metabolism of some endogenous compounds, environmental and dietary xenobiotics and many drugs. Many of these enzymes have genetic polymorphisms that produce significant changes in metabolic activity, however the function of other polymorphisms is unknown. Genetic polymorphisms have important influences on variability in human pharmacokinetics, including intra-individual differences in drug toxicity, drug interactions and response to chemotherapy. Other factors that influence drug metabolism include differences in enzyme expression due to differences in age, gender, smoking status, exposure to dietary or environmental xenobiotics or co-administration of other drugs. In addition, some xenobiotics and drugs can directly inhibit or induce the activity of CYPs. All of these factors can produce differences in metabolic capacities among individuals which can produce toxicity in some patients and sub-effective dosing in others. Maximum clinical benefit will require a more complete understanding of the influence of these polymorphisms on allele function and their interaction with inducers and inhibitors of enzyme expression or activity. This effort will permit the pharmacogenetic screening of patients before the administration of drugs and result in the identification of individuals who are prone to adverse reactions or poor response, resulting in more effective individualized therapy.
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