Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)
Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)
Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario
Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter / Tate, Jillian R.
IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2015: 3.017
Rank 5 out of 30 in category Medical Laboratory Technology in the 2014 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition
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The Intrathecal Humoral Immune Response: Laboratory Analysis and Clinical Relevance
Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. Volume 39, Issue 4, Pages 333–340, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2001.052, June 2005
- Published Online:
In normal conditions, albumin and immunoglobulin (Ig)G in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) originate from the blood, and there is no antibody production within the central nervous system. Up to 20% of CSF proteins are intrathecally synthesized, but the major fraction is blood-derived. The CSF/serum albumin quotient (QAlb) is the best marker of the blood-CSF barrier function. The corresponding immunoglobulin quotients (QIGG, QIGA, QIGM ) are not linearly related to QAlb and their correlations are defined by an hyperbolic equation. This equation is used to discriminate between a blood-derived and a locally produced fraction of immunoglobulins in case of an intrathecal humoral immune response. The detection of CSF-specific oligoclonal IgG is more sensitive than the quantitative comparison between QIGG and QAlb. A further step is the determination of antibody indices and the detection of specific oligoclonal antibodies by antigen-driven immunoblots. CSF analysis remains a cornerstone for the diagnosis of various neurological disorders, including multiple sclerosis and infectious diseases of the central nervous system.
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