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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)

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Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter / Tate, Jillian R.

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Increased Serum and Salivary Immunoglobulins against Candida albicans in HIV-Infected Patients with Oral Candidiasis

Christine Drobacheff / Laurence Millon / Michel Monod / Renaud Piarroux / Eric Robinet / René Laurent / Dominique Meillet

Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. Volume 39, Issue 6, Pages 519–526, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2001.087, June 2005

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The aim of this study was to explore anti-Candida albicans systemic and mucosal humoral responses against Candida virulence antigens such as somatic antigen and secreted aspartic proteases (Saps) in HIV-infected patients with oral candidiasis.

Twenty-eight subjects were included in the study: 11 HIV-positive patients without oral candidiasis (group A), 6 HIV-positive patients with oral candidiasis (group B) and 11 HIV-negative healthy controls (group C). Total IgA, IgG and IgM concentrations and antibodies to C. albicans (somatic antigen, Sap1, Sap6) were measured in serum and saliva. We developed a time-resolved immunofluorometric assay with biotin and europium-labeled streptavidin for this purpose.

Salivary total IgA, IgG and IgM concentrations were higher in group B. IgA, IgG and IgM anti-C. albicans antibodies (against somatic antigen, Sap1, Sap6) were higher in saliva and serum from patients from group B compared with patients from group A and controls.

Our results suggest that, in oral candidiasis, HIV-infected patients have a high mucosal response, specifically directed against C. albicans virulence antigens, such as somatic antigen, Sap1 and Sap6.

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