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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)

Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario

Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Greaves, Ronda / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 3.556

CiteScore 2017: 2.34

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 1.114
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.188

Online
ISSN
1437-4331
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Volume 40, Issue 3

Issues

Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Rat Maternal Milk, Offspring Brain and Peripheral Tissues in Essential Fatty Acid Deficiency

Salvador García-Calatayud / José Ignacio Ruiz / Miguel García-Fuentes / Mara Dierssen / Jesús Flórez / Pablo Sanjurjo Crespo
Published Online: 2005-06-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2002.044

Abstract

Fatty acid status in humans is usually related to plasma or red blood cell fatty acid profiles. The aim of the study was to explore whether a maternal deficiency in dietary essential fatty acids would differentially affect lipid fractions in several tissues of the offspring, including brain. Female Wistar rats were fed an essential fatty acid-deficient diet during 3 months before mating. The fatty acid composition of different lipid fractions was examined in maternal milk, and in plasma, red blood cells, liver, adipose tissue, cerebral cortex and hippocampus of the offspring using thin layer and capillary column gas chromatography. Lipid fractions from most tissues of deprived offspring showed a common fatty acid profile characterized by elevated 20:3 ω9/20:4 ω6 ratio, and decreased docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid. However, arachidonic acid was not affected in brain, even though 22:5 ω6 was increased in phospholipids of cerebral cortex and hippocampus. The present results demonstrate different degrees of resistance to essential fatty acid deficiency in lipid fractions and tissues. This suggests a priority distribution of arachidonic acid to preferential areas and shows that blood phospholipid fatty acids do not exactly reflect brain phospholipid status.

About the article

Published Online: 2005-06-01

Published in Print: 2002-04-10


Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Volume 40, Issue 3, Pages 278–284, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2002.044.

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