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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)

Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario

Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Greaves, Ronda / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 3.638

CiteScore 2018: 2.44

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.191
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.205

Online
ISSN
1437-4331
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Volume 40, Issue 9

Issues

The ELISPOT Assay: An Easily Transferable Method for Measuring Cellular Responses and Identifying T Cell Epitopes

Tumelo Mashishi / Clive M. Gray
Published Online: 2005-06-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2002.159

Abstract

Characterization of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I restricted epitopes derived from viral pathogens is imperative for formulating therapeutic interventions, as well as for vaccine design and monitoring. Sensitive, easy and cost-effective assays that measure the frequency of antigen-specific T lymphocytes are crucial for evaluating and improving vaccines and therapies. This paper reviews the ELISPOT technique that allows for quantifying HIV-specific T lymphocytes at the single cell level from peripheral blood by detection of antigen-induced cytokine secretion. The assay can be used successfully to quantify T cell immune responses in humans infected with different pathogens and to assess T cell immunogenicity of vaccines in phase I/II and III clinical trials. This review focuses on the ELISPOT methodology and discusses how it can be standardized and potentially used by multiple international laboratories attached to clinical trial sites.

About the article

Published Online: 2005-06-01

Published in Print: 2002-09-24


Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Volume 40, Issue 9, Pages 903–910, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2002.159.

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