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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)

Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario

Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter / Tate, Jillian R.

12 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 3.432

CiteScore 2016: 2.21

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 1.000
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 1.112

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1437-4331
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Volume 41, Issue 4 (Apr 2003)

Issues

Genetic Variations Observed in Arterial and Venous Thromboembolism – Relevance for Therapy, Risk Prevention and Prognosis

Dominic J. Harrington / Agata Malefora / Veronika Schmeleva / Sergey Kapustin / Ludmila Papayan / Mikhail Blinov / Pip Harrington / Mike Mitchell / Geoffrey F. Savidge
Published Online: 2005-06-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2003.075

Abstract

We undertook genetic and biochemical assays in patients with arterial (n = 146) and venous (n = 199) thromboembolism and survivors of pulmonary embolism (n = 58) to study causation and gene-life style interactions. In the clinical material from North Western Russia, factor V Leiden was found to be a risk factor in venous thrombosis (OR = 3.6), while the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T mutation was a significant variable in both venous (p = 0.03) and arterial thrombosis (p = 0.004). Homocysteine levels were determined (n = 84) and hyperhomocysteinemia correlated with the T allele of the MTHFR gene, and with smoking and coffee consumption. Vitamin supplementation reduced homocysteine levels dependent on MTHFR genotype (36% TT, 25% CT, 22% CC). In pulmonary embolism patients, frequency of the −455G/A β-fibrinogen dimorphism was studied. Carriers of this allele were significantly underrepresented (p < 0.02) among pulmonary embolism survivors (34.5%) compared to controls (56.7%). Additionally, −455AA homozygotes were found in 11.7% controls but only 1.7% of pulmonary embolism patients (p = 0.006). In venous and arterial thrombosis cases, MTHFR and homocysteine data led to effective dietary supplementation with a reduced risk of disease progression. Results from the pulmonary embolism study may indicate that screening tests for the −455G/A β-fibrinogen genetic variation could be of prognostic value, and may point the way for novel anticoagulation strategies.

About the article

Published Online: 2005-06-01

Published in Print: 2003-04-25


Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2003.075.

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