Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)
Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)
Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario
Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Greaves, Ronda / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter
IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 3.638
CiteScore 2018: 2.44
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.191
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.205
Fluorometric Assays of Phospholipase A2 Activity with Three Different Substrates in Biological Samples of Patients with Schizophrenia
The rationale of this study was to understand the complexity of kinetics of fluorogenic phospholipid substratesas well as contradictory findings of clinical papers measuring phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity using different methodologies. The aim was to recommend to clinicians and researchers what substrate in conjunction with what assay should be used. Two methods, (i) continuous fluorometric assay and (ii) high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) on microplates combined with quantitative image scanning, were studied with three different substrates (bis-BODIPY® FL C11-PC, NBDC6-HPC®, PED6®).
The study demonstrates that NBD-PC is not a suitable substrate to measure PLA2 activity using a spectrofluorometer. On the other hand, NBD-PC gives the highest and most reproducible integrated light intensities (ILIs) in HPTLC studies. Slow time-dependent increases in fluorescence intensities recorded with biological samples in fluorometers, but not caused by substrate splitting, had to be classified as “perturbation kinetics”. PLA2 activities in blood samples of 26 unmedicated schizophrenia patients and 26 age-matched healthy controls were measured by the spectrofluorometric method and then compared with the activity data obtained with the HPTLC method. A significant group difference was found only with the HPTLC.
In order to get more reliable results, we recommend that clinicians and researchers use NBD-phosphatidylcholines as PLA2 substrates in biological samples and start with an analytical separation of reaction products followed by image analysis of the fluorescent spots.
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