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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)

Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario

Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Greaves, Ronda / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 3.638

CiteScore 2018: 2.44

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.191
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.205

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Volume 41, Issue 7


The Late Greco-Roman and Byzantine Contribution to the Evolution of Laboratory Examinations of Bodily Excrement. Part 1: Urine, Sperm, Menses and Stools

Athanasios A. Diamandopoulos / Pavlos C. Goudas
Published Online: 2005-06-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2003.147


It is a common belief that laboratory investigation processes were developed after the 16th century and that before that time no attempts were made to attain a diagnosis by investigating material coming from the human body. In this paper we present data extracted from Byzantine codices that support the following thesis: The idea of examining human excrement for diagnostic purposes has its roots in the Roman and Byzantine eras. The lack of technological means was no obstacle for the doctor to create an “examinational” mind, i.e., to try to correlate the macroscopic findings in the excrement with the pathophysiological mechanism that induced it, using only the human senses.

About the article

Published Online: 2005-06-01

Published in Print: 2003-07-21

Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Volume 41, Issue 7, Pages 963–969, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2003.147.

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