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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)

Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario

Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Greaves, Ronda / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 3.638

CiteScore 2018: 2.44

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.191
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.205

Online
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1437-4331
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Volume 42, Issue 4

Issues

The influence of smoking on plasma homocysteine and cysteine levels in passive and active smokers

Andrzej Sobczak / Wladyslaw Wardas / Wioleta Zielinska-Danch / Krzysztof Pawlicki
Published Online: 2005-06-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2004.072

Abstract

Total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) and cysteine (tCys) levels are associated with cardiovascular diseases. One of the determinants that influence their levels is cigarette smoking. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between plasma levels of both amino acids and urinary cotinine concentration as a reliable biomarker of tobacco smoke exposure. One hundred and seventeen volunteers (61 women and 56 men) aged 19–60 years (mean 40.3±11.0) were included in the study. The study subjects were qualified into non-smokers, passive smokers and active smokers based upon the urinary cotinine concentration. In each particular group, plasma tHcy and tCys levels were measured and evaluated in the whole population and separately in women and men. Statistically insignificant differences in plasma tHcy and tCys levels in the whole group of passive smokers in comparison with non-smokers were observed (11.47 vs. 10.94 μmol/l, p=0.414, and 253.0 vs. 266.9 μmol/l, p=0.163, respectively). However, statistically significant differences in plasma tHcy levels (13.29 vs. 10.94 μmol/l, p=0.011) and in plasma tCys levels (218.2 vs. 266.9 μmol/l, p<0.001) were found in the whole group of active smokers compared with nonsmokers. The Pearson's coefficient (r) for the correlation between plasma tHcy level and urinary cotinine concentration was r=0.630 (p<0.001) in the whole group of active smokers and r=0.480 (p=0.003) in the whole group of passive smokers. The correlation between plasma tCys level and urinary cotinine concentration in both study groups was insignificant. Similar results were obtained when calculated separately for men and women. The results suggest that cigarette smoking is a strong determinant of plasma tHcy level, but it is not a determinant of plasma tCys level.

About the article

Published Online: 2005-06-01

Published in Print: 2004-04-05


Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM), Volume 42, Issue 4, Pages 408–414, ISSN (Online) 1437-4331, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2004.072.

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