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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

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Automated analysis of pleural fluid total and differential leukocyte counts with the Sysmex XE-2100

Robert de Jonge
  • Department of Clinical Chemistry, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
/ Rob Brouwer
  • Department of Clinical Chemistry, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
/ Marcel van Rijn
  • Department of Clinical Chemistry, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
/ Bernadette A.C. van Acker
  • Department of Clinical Chemistry, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
/ Henk J.A.M. Otten
  • Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
/ Jan Lindemans
  • Department of Clinical Chemistry, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Published Online: 2006-11-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2006.242


Background: Determination of leukocyte (WBC) counts in pleural fluid is routinely performed by microscopic examination. In this study, we evaluated the performance of automated (differential) WBC counting in comparison with manual counting.

Methods: Pleural fluid samples (n=45) were obtained from patients undergoing diagnostic thoracocentesis. The manual total WBC count was determined after Samson staining in a Fuchs-Rosenthal hemocytometer; microscopic differential counts were performed on May-Grünwald Giemsa-stained cytospin slides. The Sysmex XE-2100 hematology analyzer was used for automated (differential) WBC counting. The functional detection limit was determined by serial dilution of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) fluid and replicate measurements of each dilution.

Results: The automated WBC count (×106/L) was highly correlated with that of the microscopic reference method (r2=0.95; WBC-analyzer=0.97×WBC-reference method+16; n=45). Good agreement was also observed for the absolute lymphocyte count (r2=0.92; WBC-analyzer=0.99×WBC-reference method+32; n=36), neutrophil count (r2=0.94; WBC-analyzer=0.91×WBC-reference method+6; n=35), and monocyte count (r2=0.73; WBC-analyzer=0.83×WBC-reference method+6; n=38). The functional detection limit for WBCs was calculated at 50×106/L (coefficient of variation 20%).

Conclusions: With some limitations, total and differential WBC counts in pleural fluid can be reliably determined using the Sysmex XE-2100 instrument.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2006;44:1367–71.

Keywords: cell counts; differential count; pleural fluid; Sysmex XE-2100

Corresponding author: Dr. Robert de Jonge, Department of Clinical Chemistry (L-137), Erasmus MC, POB 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Received: May 11, 2006

Accepted: August 29, 2006

Published Online: 2006-11-07

Published in Print: 2006-11-01

Citation Information: Clinical Chemical Laboratory Medicine. Volume 44, Issue 11, Pages 1367–1371, ISSN (Online) 1437-4331, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2006.242, November 2006

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