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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

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Volume 44, Issue 8 (Aug 2006)


Association of aminothiols with the clinical outcome in hemodialysis patients: comparison of chromatography and immunoassay for homocysteine determination

Stéphanie Badiou
  • Biochemistry Laboratory, Lapeyronie University Hospital, Montpellier, France
/ Nathalie Terrier
  • Biochemistry Laboratory, Lapeyronie University Hospital, Montpellier, France
/ Isabelle Jaussent
  • French National Institute of Health and Medical Research, Inserm E 0361, Montpellier, France
/ Estelle Naudin
  • Biochemistry Laboratory, Lapeyronie University Hospital, Montpellier, France
/ François Maurice
  • Hemodialysis Center Languedoc Mediterranee, Montpellier, France
/ Anne-Marie Dupuy
  • Biochemistry Laboratory, Lapeyronie University Hospital, Montpellier, France
/ Hélène Leray-Moragues
  • Department of Nephrology, Lapeyronie University Hospital, Montpellier, France
/ Jean-Pierre Rivory
  • Hemodialysis Center Languedoc Mediterranee, Montpellier, France
/ Cécile Delcourt
  • French National Institute of Health and Medical Research, Inserm U593, Bordeaux, France and Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France
/ Bernard Canaud
  • Department of Nephrology, Lapeyronie University Hospital, Montpellier, France
/ Jean-Paul Cristol
  • Biochemistry Laboratory, Lapeyronie University Hospital, Montpellier, France
Published Online: 2011-09-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2006.184


Background: Controversial results on hyperhomocysteinemia and cardiovascular risk in hemodialysis (HD) could be due in part to the methodology used for homocysteine (Hcy) determination.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the influence of the method used for Hcy determination (chromatography or immunoassay) with regard to the association of Hcy with cardiovascular mortality rate in HD patients in a 3-year prospective study.

Methods: A total of 162 patients undergoing HD were included in a cohort study. Baseline Hcy levels were measured by HPLC and fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA). Cysteine and cysteinylglycine were determined simultaneously with Hcy measurement by HPLC.

Results: Hcy levels obtained with both methods were highly correlated (r2=0.927, p<0.0001). An increased relative risk (RR) for cardiovascular mortality (n=31) was found between the highest against lowest tertile of Hcy for both HPLC (RR 2.74, 95% CI 1.07–7.02; p<0.05) and FPIA (RR 2.76, 95% CI 0.99–7.70; p=0.05). Interestingly, increased cysteine (≥452 μmol/L) and cysteinylglycine (≥36.6μmol/L) levels were associated with a decreased RR of non-cardiovascular death (n=26) (RR 0.27, 95% CI 0.09–0.79; p=0.02) for cysteine and (RR 0.28, 95% CI 0.09–0.90; p=0.03) for cysteinylglycine when compared to the first tertile.

Conclusions: This study demonstrated an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality in HD patients with Hcy values in the third tertile, independent of the method used. HPLC offers the advantage of simultaneous determination of other aminothiols that appear to be associated with non-cardiovascular mortality.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2006;44:949–54.

Keywords: aminothiols; cardiovascular; chromatography; hemodialysis; homocysteine; immunoassay


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About the article

Corresponding author: Professor Jean-Paul Cristol, Biochemistry Laboratory, Lapeyronie University Hospital, 371 Avenue Doyen Gaston Giraud, 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5, France Phone: +33-467-338314, Fax: +33-467-338393,

Received: 2006-03-23

Accepted: 2006-05-23

Published Online: 2011-09-21

Published in Print: 2006-08-01

Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM), ISSN (Online) 1437-4331, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2006.184. Export Citation

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