Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)

Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario

Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Greaves, Ronda / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 3.638

CiteScore 2018: 2.44

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.191
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.205

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 45, Issue 3


Experience with post-market surveillance of in-vitro diagnostic medical devices for lay use in Germany

Rüdiger Siekmeier / Johannes Lütz
Published Online: 2007-03-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2007.058


Background: The European Directive 98/79/EC on in-vitro diagnostic medical devices (IVDs) regulates IVD marketing practices and post-market surveillance. IVD manufacturers have to inform the responsible Competent Authorities of any issues. In Germany, the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) is responsible for most IVDs, with a small subset of IVDs being within the responsibility of the Paul-Ehrlich-Institute (PEI).

Methods: All IVD notifications received by BfArM between 1999 and June 2006 were analysed in terms of the source of notification, underlying product defects and corrective actions.

Results: A total of 773 notifications were received, 566 related to IVDs for professional use and 207 related to over-the-counter (OTC) products for lay use. The latter included systems for blood glucose testing (analysers, tests and control materials; n=166) or coagulation testing (n=13) and pregnancy tests (n=25). Most reports came from manufacturers (n=115; 55.6%) and users (n=72; 34.8%) mainly via pharmacies and the Drug Commission of the German Pharmaceutical Association. Manufacturer investigations for all lay IVD cases reported revealed underlying product defects in 53 cases (25.6%). Product failure was excluded in 80 cases (38.6%), which included a large number of user errors (n=34). Many cases (n=74, 35.7%) could not be clarified because the test strips and/or analysers were not returned to the manufacturer for further investigation. In most cases, product defects identified by manufacturer investigations were related to the test strips and not to the analysers. Because of the high proportion of cases without proven product failure, corrective actions were performed only in a subset (n=54, 26.1%) of the cases reported for IVDs specified for lay use.

Conclusions: The results show that the governmental system for post-marketing surveillance of IVDs is an established tool to ensure product safety. The proportion of notifications for OTC products indicates that they should be the focus for action by the competent surveillance authorities.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2007;45:396–401.

Keywords: blood glucose analysers; coagulation analysers; in-vitro diagnostics; post-market surveillance; pregnancy tests

About the article

Corresponding author: Priv.-Doz. Dr. R. Siekmeier, Bundesinstitut für Arzneimittel und Medizinprodukte (BfArM), Kurt-Georg-Kiesinger-Allee 3, 53119 Bonn, Germany

Received: September 21, 2006

Accepted: December 11, 2006

Published Online: 2007-03-22

Published in Print: 2007-03-01

Citation Information: Clinical Chemical Laboratory Medicine, Volume 45, Issue 3, Pages 396–401, ISSN (Online) 1437-4331, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2007.058.

Export Citation

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Matthias Orth
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM), 2015, Volume 53, Number 6
J. Halbauer, R. Siekmeier, and M. Funk
Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz, 2009, Volume 52, Number 6, Page 610

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in