Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)
Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)
Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario
Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter / Tate, Jillian R.
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Determination of serum creatinine by Jaffe method and how to calibrate to eliminate matrix interference problems
Background: The calibration of Jaffe method for serum creatinine using one serum-based standard complemented with artificial matrix compensating standard's Jaffe-interfering substances allows two-point calibration with results well comparable with enzymatic methods.
Method: Spectrophotometry was used.
Results: Jaffe procedures compensating serum/plasma intereferents by subtracting a constant amount of creatinine poorly overcompensate creatinine in children. Two-point calibration with a pair of primary serum standards certified by the reference measurement procedure (isotope-dilution, mass spectrometry) or with a pair of secondary standards linked to primary materials could provide results well agreeable with enzymatic determination. Such a calibration comprises an absorbance offset corresponding to other-than-creatinine Jaffe-interfering chromogens present in standards in the calibration line, while a two-point calibration combining one standard with physiological saline/water always grossly distorts calibration line. We calculated/prepared artificial serum matrices capable of compensating Jaffe-interfering chromogens in serum standards. The combination of even one standard with its artificial matrix also enables two-point calibration with practically the same results as with a pair of primary standards.
Conclusions: A two-point calibration of Jaffe method for serum creatinine combining only one serum standard with creatinine solution matching standard's allow matrix-present interferents present results well comparable with enzymatic determination, providing the standard is attested/linked to the reference measurement procedure.
Clin Chem Lab Med 2008;46:1127–33.
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