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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)

Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario

Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter / Tate, Jillian R.

12 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 3.432

CiteScore 2016: 2.21

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 1.000
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 1.112

Online
ISSN
1437-4331
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Volume 48, Issue 2 (Feb 2010)

Issues

Use of flow cytometry (Sysmex® UF-100) to screen for positive urine cultures: in search for the ideal cut-off

Sara Brilha
  • Serviço de Patologia Clínica, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, Lisbon, Portugal
/ Helena Proença
  • Serviço de Patologia Clínica, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, Lisbon, Portugal
/ José Melo Cristino
  • Serviço de Patologia Clínica, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, Lisbon, Portugal
/ Thomas Hänscheid
  • Serviço de Patologia Clínica, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, Lisbon, Portugal
Published Online: 2009-12-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2010.047

Abstract

Background: Cultures for urinary tract infections (UTI) constitute a large workload in the clinical microbiology laboratory, although up to 80% are usually negative. Several automated methods are available to screen urines for UTI, one being the flow cytometry-based Sysmex® UF-100.

Methods: The performance of the UF-100 was evaluated over a 16-month period using urine culture as the reference method.

Results: During this period, a total of 5356 urine samples were studied (469 children; 3229 women and 1658 men), of which 706 were culture positive (593 grew Gram negative bacilli). Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis showed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.83 for leukocytes and 0.85 for bacterial count. Applying cut-off values reported in the literature gave sensitivities ranging from 75% to 90%, resulting in 73–174 false negatives (FN). Using a logical combination (leukocytes ≥15×106/L OR bacteria ≥500×106/L) gave a sensitivity of 98%. However, the specificity dropped to 25%, resulting in 15 FN.

Conclusions: Screening urine samples for UTI detects a large number of culture positive samples. However, the rather large number of FN observed precludes the use of the UF-100 as a routine screening method to exclude urine samples from culture.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2010;48:289–92.

Keywords: flow cytometric screening; Sysmex® UF-100; urine culture

About the article

Corresponding author: Thomas Hänscheid, Laboratório de Microbiologia, Serviço de Patologia Clínica, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, 1649-028 Lisbon, Portugal


Received: 2009-08-05

Accepted: 2009-10-14

Published Online: 2009-12-07

Published in Print: 2010-02-01


Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, ISSN (Online) 1437-4331, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2010.047.

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©2010 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin New York. Copyright Clearance Center

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