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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)

Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario

Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Greaves, Ronda / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 3.556

CiteScore 2017: 2.34

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 1.114
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.188

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Volume 56, Issue 7


Quantitative urine test strip reading for leukocyte esterase and hemoglobin peroxidase

Matthijs N. Oyaert / Jonas Himpe / Marijn M. Speeckaert / Veronique V. Stove / Joris R. Delanghe
Published Online: 2018-02-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cclm-2017-1159



Recently, urine test strip readers have become available for automated test strip analysis. We explored the possibilities of the Sysmex UC-3500 automated urine chemistry analyzer based on complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) sensor technology with regard to accuracy of leukocyte esterase and hemoglobin peroxidase results. We studied the influence of possible confounders on these measurements.


Reflectance data of leukocyte esterase and hemoglobin peroxidase were measured using CMOS technology on the Sysmex UC-3500 automated urine chemistry analyzer. Analytical performance (imprecision, LOQ) as well as the correlation with white blood cell (WBC) and red blood cell (RBC) counts (Sysmex UF-5000) were studied. Furthermore, the influence of urinary dilution, haptoglobin, pH and ascorbic acid as confounders was determined.


Within- and between-run imprecision (reflectance signal) ranged from 1.1% to 3.6% and 0.9% to 4.2% for peroxidase and 0.4% to 2.5% and 0.4% to 3.3% for leukocyte esterase. Good agreement was obtained between the UF-5000 for RBCs and peroxidase reflectance (r=0.843) and for WBCs and leukocyte esterase (r=0.821). Specific esterase activity decreased for WBC counts exceeding 100 cells/μL. Haptoglobin influenced the peroxidase activity, whereas leukocyte esterase and peroxidase activities showed a pH optimum between 5.0 and 6.5. A sigmoidal correlation was observed between urinary osmolality and peroxidase activity.


CMOS technology allows to obtain high quality test strip results for assessing WBC and RBC in urine. Quantitative peroxidase and leukocyte esterase are complementary with flow cytometry and have an added value in urinalysis, which may form a basis for expert system development.

Keywords: hemoglobin peroxidase; leukocyte esterase; urine sediment analysis; urine test strip analysis


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About the article

Corresponding author: Joris R. Delanghe, MD, PhD, Department of Laboratory Medicine, University Hospital Ghent, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Ghent, Belgium, Phone: 09/332 29 56, Fax: 09/332 49 85

Received: 2017-12-12

Accepted: 2018-01-11

Published Online: 2018-02-10

Published in Print: 2018-06-27

Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

Research funding: None declared.

Employment or leadership: None declared.

Honorarium: None declared.

Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.

Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM), Volume 56, Issue 7, Pages 1126–1132, ISSN (Online) 1437-4331, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cclm-2017-1159.

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