Waghdhare S, Kalantri A, Joshi R, Kalantri K. Accuracy of physical signs for detecting meningitis: a hospital-based diagnostic accuracy study. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2010;112:752–7.PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar
McGill F, Heyderman RS, Michael BD, Defres S, Beeching NJ, Borrow R, et al. The UK joint specialist societies guideline on the diagnosis and management of acute meningitis and meningococcal sepsis inimmunocompetent adults. J Infect 2016;72:405–38.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Close RM, Ejidokun OO, Verlander NQ, Fraser G, Meltzer M, Rehman Y, et al. Early diagnosis model for meningitis supports public health decision making. J Infect 2011;63:32–8.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Giulieri S, Chapuis-Taillard C, Jaton K, Cometta A, Chuard C, Hugli O, et al. CSF lactate for accurate diagnosis of community-acquired bacterial meningitis. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2015;34:2049–55.Web of SciencePubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar
de Almeida SM, Faria FL, de Goes Fontes K, Buczenko GM, Berto DB, Raboni SM, et al. Quantitation of cerebrospinal fluid lactic acid in infectious and non-infectious neurological diseases. Clin Chem Lab Med 2009;47:755–61.Web of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar
de Almeida SM, Boritza K, Cogo LL, Pessa L, França J, Rota I, et al. Quantification of cerebrospinal fluid lactic acid in the differential diagnosis between HIV chronic meningitis and opportunistic meningitis. Clin Chem Lab Med 2011;49:891–6.Web of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar
Fishman RA. Cerebrospinal fluid in diseases of the nervous system. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 1992:431.Google Scholar
Vidal LR, Almeida SM, Messias-Reason IJ, Nogueira MB, Debur MC, Pessa LF, et al. Enterovirus and herpesviridae family as etiologic agents of lymphomonocytary meningitis, Southern Brazil. Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2011;69:475–81.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar
About the article
Published Online: 2019-08-31
Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.
Research funding: None declared.
Employment or leadership: None declared.
Honorarium: None declared.
Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.