In dentofacial surgery, augmentation procedures employing xenografts have become a reliable treatment. Recent studies, however, have shown significant enhance-ments of the in vivo bone tissue augmentation using mesenchymal stem cells loaded into bone grafts. We conducted experimental and numerical investigations in flow perfusion systems to determine flow conditions which allow for homogenous stem cell distribution in BioOss Block (Geistlich Pharma AG, Switzerland) xenografts. Pressure gradient-velocity characteristics and flow distributions were investigated experimentally and numerically at steady state flow conditions with Reynolds numbers (Re) ranging from 0.01 ≤ Re ≤ 0.40. Distilled water at 20°C with a dynamic viscosity of 1.002 mPa.s and a density of 998 kg/m3 was used. The geometry utilized in three-dimensional computa-tional fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation was obtained by means of micro-computed tomography (μCT). Results of CFD analysis are in good accordance with experimental data. The comparison of the pressure gradient-velocity characteris-tics for experimental and numerical data yields a relative error of 3.6%. According to Darcy’s law for creeping fluid flow the experimentally determined permeability is 2.55.10-9 m2. Moreover, numerical flow distribution analysis shows an increasingly heterogenic streamline distribution for increasing Reynolds numbers. Experimentally validated CFD simulations introduced in this study provide a tool to assess optimal flow conditions for a homogenous stem cell distribution in perfusion flow systems.