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Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering

Joint Journal of the German Society for Biomedical Engineering in VDE and the Austrian and Swiss Societies for Biomedical Engineering

Editor-in-Chief: Dössel, Olaf

Editorial Board: Augat, Peter / Buzug, Thorsten M. / Haueisen, Jens / Jockenhoevel, Stefan / Knaup-Gregori, Petra / Kraft, Marc / Lenarz, Thomas / Leonhardt, Steffen / Malberg, Hagen / Penzel, Thomas / Plank, Gernot / Radermacher, Klaus M. / Schkommodau, Erik / Stieglitz, Thomas / Urban, Gerald A.


CiteScore 2018: 0.47

Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.377

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2364-5504
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In vitro bio-stability screening of novel implantable polyurethane elastomers

Larysa Kutuzova
  • Corresponding author
  • University of Reutlingen, School of Applied Chemistry, Alteburgstrasse 150, Reutlingen, Germany
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/ Kiriaki Athanasopulu / Markus Schneider / Andreas Kandelbauer / Günter Lorenz / Ralf Kemkemer
Published Online: 2018-09-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cdbme-2018-0128

Abstract

A series of novel biomedical TPCUs with different percentages of hard segment and a silicone component in the soft segment were synthesized in a multi-stage one-pot method. The kinetic profiles of the urethane formation in TPCU-based copolymer systems were monitored by rheological, in line FTIR spectroscopic (React IR) and real-time calorimetric (RC1) methods. This process-analytically monitored multi step synthesis was successfully used to optimize the production of medical-grade TPCU elastomers on preparative scale (in lots of several kg) with controlled molecular structure and mechanical properties. Various surface and bulk analytical methods as well as systematic studies of the mechanic response of the elastomer end-products towards compression and tensile loading were used to estimate the bio-stability of the prepared TPCUs in vitro after 3 months. The tests suggested that high bio-stability of all polyurethane formulations using accelerating in vitro test can be attributed to the synthetic design as well as to the specific techniques used for specimen preparation, namely: (i) the annealing for reducing residual polymer surface stress and preventing IES, (ii) stabilization of the morphology by long-time storage of the specimens after processing bevor being immersed in the test liquids, (iii) purification by extraction to remove the shot chain oligomers which are the most susceptible to degradation. All mechanical tests were performed on cylindrical and circular disc specimens for modelling the thickness of the meniscus implants under application-relevant stress conditions.

Keywords: in vitro; long-term implants; fatigue; bio-stable polyurethane; morphological design; large scale production

About the article

Published Online: 2018-09-22

Published in Print: 2018-09-01


Citation Information: Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 535–538, ISSN (Online) 2364-5504, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cdbme-2018-0128.

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