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Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering

Joint Journal of the German Society for Biomedical Engineering in VDE and the Austrian and Swiss Societies for Biomedical Engineering

Editor-in-Chief: Dössel, Olaf

Editorial Board: Augat, Peter / Buzug, Thorsten M. / Haueisen, Jens / Jockenhoevel, Stefan / Knaup-Gregori, Petra / Kraft, Marc / Lenarz, Thomas / Leonhardt, Steffen / Malberg, Hagen / Penzel, Thomas / Plank, Gernot / Radermacher, Klaus M. / Schkommodau, Erik / Stieglitz, Thomas / Urban, Gerald A.

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2364-5504
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Influence of application parameters of ultrasonic-assisted bone instruments on the tear force of a substitute material for spinal dura mater

Marie C. Foelkel / Vitali Herzog / Markus Meier / Michael M. Morlock
  • Institute of Biomechanics, Hamburg University of Technology, Denickestraße 15, Hamburg, Germany
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Published Online: 2018-09-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cdbme-2018-0147

Abstract

An ultrasonic-assisted bone instrument can be used for the dissection of bone in spinal surgery. During surgery, the tip of such a bone instrument can touch spinal dura mater. Especially during critical re-operations, high forces can be unintentionally applied on spinal dura mater. To prevent dural tears, the influence of application parameters on the tear force shall be analyzed. Collagen foil is used as a substitute material for spinal dura mater because of its similar mechanical properties and structure. Sponge cloth is placed below collagen foil to imitate cerebrospinal fluid and nerve tissue. A 3-axis CNC-machine is used to automate the movement of the bone instrument. In a full factorial experiment the influence of amplitude, shape of movement and velocity of movement on the tear force is analyzed. Amplitude has the strongest effect because of the increase in input energy. Velocity also has a significant influence, probably because of the strain rate increasing with velocity. Thus, a surgeon should mainly reduce the amplitude and furthermore the velocity of movement to generate higher safety in critical areas.

Keywords: ultrasonic surgery; bone instrument; spinal dura mater; dural tear

About the article

Published Online: 2018-09-22

Published in Print: 2018-09-01


Citation Information: Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 611–614, ISSN (Online) 2364-5504, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cdbme-2018-0147.

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