Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Stavebné a environmentálne inžinierstvo

2 Issues per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing

Laboratory Measurements of Particulate Matter Concentrations from Asphalt Pavement Abrasion

Daša Fullová
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Highway Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Žilina, Univerzitná 8215/1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia.
  • Email:
/ Daniela Đurčanská
  • Department of Highway Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Žilina, Univerzitná 8215/1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia.
Published Online: 2016-12-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cee-2016-0013


The issue of emissions from road traffic is compounded by the fact that the number of vehicles and driven kilometres increase each year. Road traffic is one of the main sources of particulate matter and traffic volume is still increasing and has unpleasant impact on longevity of the pavements and the environment. Vehicle motions cause mechanical wearing of the asphalt pavement surface - wearing course by vehicle tyres. The contribution deals with abrasion of bituminous wearing courses of pavements. The asphalt mixtures of wearing courses are compared in terms of mechanically separated particulate matter. The samples of asphalt mixtures were rutted in wheel tracking machine. The particulate matter measurements were performed in laboratory conditions. The experimental laboratory measurements make it possible to sample particulates without contamination from exhaust emissions, abraded particles from vehicles, resuspension of road dust and climate affects. The contribution offers partial results of measurements on six trial samples of asphalt mixtures with different composition. It presents particulate matter morphology and the comparison of rutted asphalt samples in terms of PM mass concentrations and chemical composition.

Keywords: Laboratory tests; Particulate matter; Wearing courses; Mass concentrations; Chemical composition


  • [1] DURCANSKA, D. et al.:, Analysis of methods of evaluation of the air pollution from road traffic: analysis task. Žilina, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department of Highway Engineering, September 2014.

  • [2] AMATO, F. et al.: Urban air quality: The challenge of traffic non-exhaust emissions. In: Journal of hazardous materials, 275, 2014, p. 31 - 36. Retrieved from www.scopus.com.

  • [3] DURCANSKA, D.: Analysis of Particulate Matter Composition. In: Communications, scientific letters of the University of Žilina. Vol. 12, No. 3A/2010, p. 17 - 22.

  • [4] FOLKESON, et al.: SPENS, Sustainable Pavements for European New Member States, Guidelines for the environmental assessment of various pavement types including recommendations to road authorities in NMS, European commission DG research, Sixth framework programme, 29 May 2009.

  • [5] GEHRIG, R. - ZEYER, K. - BUKOWIECKI, N. - LIENEMANN, P. - POULIKAKOS, L. D. - FURGER, M. - BUCHMANN, B.: Mobile load simulators - A tool to distinguish between the emissions due to abrasion and resuspension of PM10 from road surfaces. In: Atmospheric Environment, 44(38), 2010, p. 4937 - 4943. [Web of Science]

  • [6] GUSTAFSSON, M. - BLOMQVIST, G. - GUDMUNDSSON, A. - DAHL, A. - JONSSON, P. - SWIETLICKI, E.: Factors influencing PM10 emissions from road pavement wear. In: Atmospheric Environment, 43(31), 2009, p. 4699 - 4702. [Web of Science]

  • [7] PIRJOLA, L. - KUPIAINEN, K. J. - PERHONIEMI, P. - TERVAHATTU, H. - VESALA, H. Nonexhaust emission measurement system of the mobile laboratory SNIFFER. In: Atmospheric Environment, 43(31), 2009, p. 4703 - 4713. [Crossref]

  • [8] TERVAHATTU, H. - KUPIAINEN, K. J. - RÄISÄNEN, M. - MÄKELÄ, T. - HILLAMO, R.: Generation of urban road dust from anti-skid and asphalt concrete aggregates. In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, 132(1 SPEC. ISS.), 2006, p. 39 - 46.

  • [9] Wheel tracking machine DYNA-TRACK. Cernusco, Italy: Controls S.R.L., 2000.

  • [10] LIČBINSKÝ, R. - FRÝBORT, A. - HUZLÍK, J. - ADAMEC, V. - EFFENBERGER, K. - MIKUŠKA, P. - VOJTĚŠEK, M. - KŘŮMAL, K.: Usage of Scanning Electron Microscopy for Particulate Matter Sources Identification. In: Transactions on transport sciences, Number 3/2010. Ministry of Transport, 2010, p. 137 - 144.

  • [11] WILLIS, ROBERT D. - BLANCHARD, FREDRICK T. - CONNER, TERI L.: Guidelines for the Application of SEM/EDX Analytical Techniques to Particulate Matter Samples. In: EPA # 600/R-02/070, (September 2002).

  • [12] ZONGPING, P. - BAOPING, H. - HANHU, L. - XIAOYAN, J. - HONGYAN, H. - YUNJIAN, L.: Study on Application of SEM in Source Apportionment for Urban Ambient Particulate Matter. China, University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou, 2003.

About the article

Published Online: 2016-12-23

Published in Print: 2016-12-01

Citation Information: Civil and Environmental Engineering, ISSN (Online) 2199-6512, ISSN (Print) 1336-5835, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cee-2016-0013. Export Citation

© 2016 Daša Fullová et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in