Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports

The Journal of University of Zielona Góra

4 Issues per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Heavy Metal Accumulation in Leaves of Hydrocharis Morsus-Ranae L. and Biomonitoring Applications

Ludmiła Polechońska
  • Corresponding author
  • University of Wrocław, Department of Ecology, Biogeochemistry and Environmental Protection, Wrocław, Poland
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Małgorzata Dambiec
  • University of Wrocław, Department of Ecology, Biogeochemistry and Environmental Protection, Wrocław, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-06-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ceer-2014-0009


In present study the concentrations of Hg, Mn, Zn, Fe and Cu in water, bottom sediments and leaves of Hydrocharis morsus-ranae from 11 oxbow lakes of the Odra River were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry. Trace metal concentration in water and bottom sediments were below the geochemical background, indicating no anthropogenic impact in the studied area. On average, the concentrations of metals in leaves of H. morsus ranae exceeded natural thresholds. A high bioaccumulation factors for metals were recorded. The significant positive correlations found between the content Zn, Fe and Hg of in water and in the H. morsus ranae indicate the potential use of the species in the biomonitoring of environmental contamination with these metals.

Keywords: trace metal; Hydrocharis morsus ranae; metal accumulation; biomonitoring


  • 1. Agunbiade F.O., Olu-Owolabi B.I., Adebowale K.O.: Phytoremediation potential of Eichornia crassipes in metal-contaminated coastal water, Bioresource Technology, 100 (2009) 4521-4526.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 2. Babovic N., Drazic G., Djordjevic A., Mihailovic N.: Heavy and Toxic Metal Accumulation in Six Macrophythe Species from Fish Pond Ecka, Republic of Serbita, BALWOIS - Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia 2010.Google Scholar

  • 3. Baldantoni D., Maisto G., Bartoli G., Alfani A.: Analyses of three native aquatic plant species to assess spatial gradients of lake trace element contamination, Aquatic Botany, 83 (2005) 48-60.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 4. Bonanno G.: Trace element accumulation and distribution in the organs of Phragmites australis (common reed) and biomonitoring applications, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 74 (2011) 1057-1064.Google Scholar

  • 5. Borišev M., Pajević S., Stanković Ž., Krstić B.: Macrophytes as phytoindicators and potential phytoremediators in aquatic ecosystems, Proceedings 36th International Conference of IAD, Austrian Committee Danube Research / IAD, Vienna, (2006) 76-80.Google Scholar

  • 6. Brooks R.R., Robinson B.H.: Aquatic Phytoremediation by Accumulator Plants, in: Plants that Hyperaccumulate Heavy Metals: Their Roles in Phytoremediation, Microbiology, Archaeology, Mineral Exploration and Phytomining, ed. R.R. Brooks, Oxon, CAB International 1998, 203-226.Google Scholar

  • 7. Campo G., Orsi M., Badino G., Giacomelli R., Spezzano P.: Evaluation of motorway pollution in a moutain ecosystem. Pilot project: Susa Valley (Northwest Italy) years 1990-1994, Science of the Total Environment, 189/190 (1996) 161-166.Google Scholar

  • 8. Dojlido J.R.: Chemia wód powierzchniowych, Białystok, Wydawnictwo Ekonomia i Środowisko 1995.Google Scholar

  • 9. El Falaky A.A., Aboulroos S.A., Saoud A.A., Ali M.A.: Aquatic plants for bioremediation of wastewater, 8th International Water Technology Conference IWTC8, Alexandria, Egypt, (2004) 361-376.Google Scholar

  • 10. Gałczyńska M., Bednarz K.: Influence of water contamination on the accumulation of some metals in Hydrocharis morsus-ranae L. Journal of Elementology, 1 (2012) 31-41.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 11. Hammad, D.M.: Cu, Ni and Zn Phytoremediation and Translocation by Water Hyacinth Plant at Different Aquatic Environments, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5, 11 (2011) 11-22.Google Scholar

  • 12. Kabata-Pendias A., Pendias H.: Biogeochemia pierwiastków śladowych, Warszawa, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN 1999.Google Scholar

  • 13. Maleva M.G., Nekrasova G.F., Bezel V.S.: The Response of Hydrophytes to Environmental Pollution with Heavy Metals, Russian Journal of Ecology, 35, 4 (2004) 230-235.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 14. Markert B.: Presence and significance of naturally occurring chemical elements of the periodic system in the plant organism and consequences for future investigations on inorganic environmental chemistry in ecosystems, Vegetatio, 103 (1992) 1-30.Google Scholar

  • 15. Martinez E.A., Shu-Nyamboli C.: Determination of selected heavy metal concentrations and distribution in a southwestern stream using macrophytes, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 74 (2011) 1504-1511.Google Scholar

  • 16. O’Neill C.R.: European Frog-Bit (Hydrocharis morsus-ranae) - Floating Invader of Great Lakes Basin Waters, NYSG Invasive Species Factsheet Series, 07-1 (2007) 1-4.,Google Scholar

  • 17. Otte M.L., Jacob D.L.: Chemical Fingerprinting of Plants from Contrasting Wetlands- Salt Marsh, Geothermal and Mining-impacted, Phyton, 45 (2005) 303-316.Google Scholar

  • 18. Pajević S.P., Vučković M.S., Kevrešan Ÿ.S., Matavulj M.N., Radulovič S.B., Radnovič D.V.: Aquatic macrophytes as indicators of heavy metal pollution of water in DTD canal system. Proceedings for Natural Sciences, 104 (2003) 51-60.Google Scholar

  • 19. Parker R.E.: Introductory Statistics for Biology, London, Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd. 1983.Google Scholar

  • 20. Samecka-Cymerman A., Kempers A.J.: Rtęć i inne metale ciężkie w makrofitach z wybrancyh zbiorników Wrocławia i okolic, Acta Universitatis Wratenslaviensis, LIX (1994) 161-174.Google Scholar

  • 21. StatSoft Inc., 2011. STATISTICA (data analysis software system), version 10. www.statsoft.comGoogle Scholar

  • 22. Stanisz A.: Przystępny kurs statystyki, Kraków, StatSoft Polska Sp. z o.o. 1998.Google Scholar

  • 23. Tutin T.G., Heywood V.H., Burges N.A., Moore D.M., Valentine D.H., Walters S.M., Webb D.A.: Flora Europaea, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press 1980.Google Scholar

  • 24. Vardanyan L.G., Ingole B.S.: Studies on heavy metal accumulation in aquatic macrophytes from Sevan (Armenia) and Carambolim (India) lake System, Environment International, 32, 2 (2006) 208-218.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 25. Wang W., Lewis M. A.: Metal accumualtion by aquatic macrophytes, in: Plants for Environmental Studies, red. W. Wang, J.W. Gorsuch, J.S. Hughes, CRC Press 1997, 367-416.Google Scholar

  • 26. Weigle A. (ed.): Plan ochrony dla Parku Krajobrazowego „Dolina Jezierzycy” Operat generalny, Warszawa, Wrocław, Narodowa Fundacja Ochrony Środowiska 2011.Google Scholar

  • 27. Węglarzy K.: Metale ciężkie - źródła zanieczyszczeń i wpływ na środowiska, Wiadomości Zootechniczne, R. XLV, 3 (2007) 31-38.Google Scholar

  • 28. Woitke P., Wellmitz J., Helm D., Kube P., Lepom P., Litheraty P.: Analysis and assessment of heavy metal pollution insuspended solids and sediments of the river Danube, Chemisphere, 51 (2003) 633-642.Google Scholar

  • 29. Zar J.: Biostatistical analysis, New Jersey, Prentice Hall 1999.Google Scholar

  • 30. Zgłobicki W., Lata L., Plak A., Reszka M.: Geochemical and statistical approach to evaluate background concentrations of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn (case study: Eastern Poland), Environmental Earth Sciences, 61 (2011) 347-355.Google Scholar

About the article

*Corresponding author: University of Wrocław, Department of Ecology, Biogeochemistry and Environmental Protection, ul. Kanonia 6/8, 50-328 Wrocław, Poland, tel. +48713752011

Published Online: 2014-06-26

Citation Information: Civil And Environmental Engineering Reports, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 95–105, ISSN (Online) 2450-8594, ISSN (Print) 2080-5187, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ceer-2014-0009.

Export Citation

© 2014 Ludmiła Polechońska and Małgorzata Dambiec. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in