Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports

The Journal of University of Zielona Góra

4 Issues per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Testing of Co-Fermentation of Poultry Manure and Corn Silage

Andrzej Jędrczak / Dariusz Królik / Zofia Sądecka / Sylwia Myszograj / Monika Suchowska-Kisielewicz / Jacek Bojarski
Published Online: 2014-12-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ceer-2014-0013


The development of the production of poultry meat is connected with an increase in the quantity of the manure. The chemical characteristics predisposes this waste to processing by methane fermentation method. This study investigated the influence of ammonia and volatile fat acids on mesophilic anaerobic digestion of poultry manure. The aim of the studies was: to determine the degree of biodegradation of the poultry manure as well as manure and corn silage mixed in various proportions in the process of mesophilic fermentation, to evaluate the impact of mineral nitrogen and volatile fat acids on the course of fermentation, and to establish optimum proportions of these types of waste. The tests confirmed the positive effect of co-fermentation of poultry manure with corn silage. The most favourable ratio for mixing the substrates is the equal percentage of their dry matter in the mixture. With such waste mixing proportions, the degree of degradation of organic substances contained in the manure amounted to 61.8% and was higher than in the mono-digestion of manure and corn silage.

Keywords: methan; digestion; poultry manure; corn silage; ammonia nitrogen; testing


  • 1. APHA: Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. Washington: American Public Health Association, 2012.Google Scholar

  • 2. Angelidaki, I., Ahring, B.K.: Thermophilic anaerobic digestion of livestock waste: the effect of ammonia. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 38 (1993) 560564.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 3. Bhattacharya, S., Parkin, G.: The effect of ammonia on methane fermentation process. J. Water Pollut. Control Fed. 61 (1989) 55-59.Google Scholar

  • 4. Bujoczek, G., Oleszkiewicz, J., Sparling, R. and Cenkowski, S.: High Solid Anaerobic Digestion of Chicken Manure. J. Agric. Engng. Res. 76 (2000) 51-60.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 5. Cheng Wen-Hsi, Chou Ming-Shean, and Tung Shu-Chu: Gaseous ammonia emission from poultry facilities in Tajwan., Environ. Engng. Sci.. 28(4), 283-289. doi:10.1089/ees.2010.0205, 2011.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 6. Dobrzański, Z.: The relationship between modern poultry production systems and the protection of natural and productive environment. III Agricultural Forum. Poznań 2001, 20-25.Google Scholar

  • 7. Foged, H. L., Flotats, X., Bonmati, A. B., Palatsi, J., Magri, A. and Schelde, K. M.: Inventory of manure processing activities in Europe. Technical Report No. I concerning “Manure Processing Activities in Europe” to the European Commission, Directorate-General Environment. 138 pp, 2011.Google Scholar

  • 8. Güngör-Demirci, G., Demirer, G. N.: Effect of initial COD concentration, nutrient addition, temperature and microbial acclimation on anaerobic treatability of broiler and cattle manure. Bioresour. Technol. 93, 20 (2004) 109-117.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 9. Jędrczak, A.: Biological treatment of waste. PWN, Warsaw, Polish, 2007.Google Scholar

  • 10. Jędrczak, A., and Myszograj, S.: Fermentation of organic waste from Turkey breeding and slaughterhouses, PJoES (Series of Monographs). 2 (2010) 62-72.Google Scholar

  • 11. Kelleher, B.P., Leahy, J.J., Henihan, A.M., O’Dwyer, T.F., Sutton, D. and Leahy, M.J.: Advances in poultry litter disposal technology - a review. Bioresour. Technol. 83 (2002) 27-36.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 12. Kirchmann, H. and Lundvall, A.: Treatment of solid animal manures: identification of low NH3 emission practises. Nutr. Cycling in Agroecosyst. 51(1998)65-71.Google Scholar

  • 13. Koster, I.W. and Kooman, E.: Ammonia inhibition of the maximum growth rate ^m) of hydrogenotrophic methanogens at various pH-levels and temperatures, Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 28 (1988) 500-505.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 14. Koster, I.W., and Lettinga, G.: Anaerobic digestion at extreme ammonia concentration, Biological Wastes, 25 (1983) 51-59.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 15. Lü Fan, Chen Miao, He Pin-Jing, and Shao Li-Ming: Effects of ammonia on acidogenesis of protein-rich organic wastes, Environ. Engng. Sci. 25(1), 114-122. doi:10.1089/ees.2007.0042, 2008.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 16. Malina, J.F., and Pohland, F.D.: Design of Anaerobic Processes for the Treatment of Industrial and Municipal Wastes, Technomic Publishing Co. Inc. 7 (1992) 3-33.Google Scholar

  • 17. Mazur, Zb., and Mokra, O.: Macronutrient content of the natural fertilizers in the years 2003- 2005, Problem Papers Progress of Agricultural Sciences. 537 (2005) 243-247.Google Scholar

  • 18. Nakakubo R., M⊘ller H. B., Nielsen A. M., and Matsuda J.: Ammonia inhibition of methanogenesis and identification of process indicators during anaerobic digestion, Environ. Engng. Sci. 25(10) 1487-1496. doi:10.1089/ees.2007.0282, 2008.Google Scholar

  • 19. Niu, Q., Qiao, W., Qiang, H., Hojo, T., Li, Y.-Y.: Mesophilic methane fermentation of chicken manure at a wide range of ammonia concentration: Stability, inhibition and recovery. Bioresour. Technol. 137 (2013) 358-367.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 20. Pechan, Z., Knappova, O., Petrovicova, B., Adamec, O.: Anaerobic digestion of poultry manure at high ammonium nitrogen concentrations. Biological Wastes 20 (1987) 117-131.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 21. Rynk, R.: (Ed.) On-farm Composting Handbook, NRAS-54 (NortheastRegional Agricultural Engineering Service), Cooperative Extension, Ithica, New York, 1992.Google Scholar

  • 22. Salminen, E., Rintala, J.: Anaerobic digestion of organic solid poultryslaughterhouse waste - a review. Bioresour. Technol. 83 (2002a) 13-26.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 23. Salminen, E., Rintala, J.: Semi-continuous anaerobic digestion of solidpoultry slaughterhouse waste: effect of hydraulic retention time andloading, Water Resour. 36 (2002b) 3175-3182.Google Scholar

  • 24. Sobczak, J.: An attempt to use poultry manure as a filler for cement mortars. Problems of Agricultural Engineering. 3 (2008) 137-141.Google Scholar

  • 25. Wang, X., Yang, G., Feng, Y., Ren, G., Han, X.: Optimizing feeding composition and carbon-nitrogen ratios for improved methane yield during anaerobic co-digestion of dairy, chicken manure and wheat straw. Bioresour. Technol., 120 (2012) 78-83.Google Scholar

  • 26. Webb, A. R., and Hawkes, F. R.: The anaerobic digestion of poultry manure: variation of gas yield with influent concentration and ammonium-nitrogen levels. Agricultural Wastes. 14 (2) (1985) 135-156.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 27. http://www.mst.dk/English/Agriculture/nitrates_directive/green_growth_agreementGoogle Scholar

About the article

* University of Zielona Gora, Institute of Environmental Engineering, Szafrana st 15, 65-516 Zielona Gora, Poland, tel.+48683282612

Published Online: 2014-12-10

Citation Information: Civil And Environmental Engineering Reports, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 31–47, ISSN (Online) 2450-8594, ISSN (Print) 2080-5187, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ceer-2014-0013.

Export Citation

© 2014 Andrzej Jędrczak et. al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in