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The excavation of the Modaoshan Site of the Paleolithic Age in Yunan County, Guangdong

Guangdong Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, School of Archaeology and Museology, Peking University, Yunfu Municipal Museum and Yunan County Museum

Published Online: 2018-11-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/char-2018-0005


In 2014, Guangdong Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and other institutions excavated Locality 1 of the Modaoshan (Whetting Hill) Site in Yunan County, Guangdong. The excavation recovered almost 400 pieces of lithic products mostly made of quartz, sandstone and quartzite, plus a few made of fine sandstone and metasandstone, the categories of which included blanks, cores, flakes, tools, chunks, debris and utilized gravels, containing the entire procedure from blank fetching, stone tool making and refuse abandoning, and the finished tools took small proportion. The date of Locality 1 was the early stage of the Middle Pleistocene, belonging to the Lower Paleolithic Age. The Modaoshan Site is the first open site of the Paleolithic Age scientifically excavated in Guangdong Province and the earliest cultural remains of the early human beings in Guangdong Province confirmed to date.

Keywords: Gravel tools; Lower Paleolithic Age; Modaoshan Site (Yunan County, Guangdong Province)


The original paper published in Kaogu 考古 (Archaeology) 2017.5:3–13 with 28 figures was authored by Suoqiang Liu 刘锁强. This abridged version is prepared by the author and translated into English by Chen Shen 沈辰.


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About the article

Published Online: 2018-11-13

Published in Print: 2018-11-27

Citation Information: Chinese Archaeology, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 52–59, ISSN (Online) 2160-5068, ISSN (Print) 2160-5025, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/char-2018-0005.

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