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Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry


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Volume 7, Issue 3

Issues

Volume 13 (2015)

Synthesis of Co3O4 nanoparticles by oxidation-reduction method and its magnetic characterization

T. Ozkaya / A. Baykal / Y. Koseoğlu / H. Kavas
Published Online: 2009-06-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11532-009-0012-4

Abstract

Without any surfactant, antiferromagnetic Co3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized successfully for the first time by means of an oxidation-reduction method with cobalt sulfate as starting material, which was oxidized to cobalt salt by NaNO3 after alkalinizing with NaOH. Morphological, structural, spectroscopic and magnetic characterization of the product were done by SEM, TEM, XRD, and VSM, respectively. The average crystallite size (on the base of line profile fitting method), D and σ, is estimated as 30 ± 6 nm. Some anomalous magnetic properties and their enhanced effect have been observed in Co3O4 antiferromagnetic nanocrystallites, including a bias field, coercivity, permanent magnetic moments and an open loop. These phenomena are attributed to the unidirectional anisotropy which is caused by the exchange coupling between AFM and FM layers, the existence of the spin glass like surface spins of Co3O4 nanoparticles due to size effects and surface-area effect.

Keywords: Nanomaterials; Co3O4; Spinels; Antiferromagnetism

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About the article

Published Online: 2009-06-21

Published in Print: 2009-09-01


Citation Information: Open Chemistry, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 410–414, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11532-009-0012-4.

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© 2009 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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