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Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry

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Volume 7, Issue 3


Volume 13 (2015)

Solar-driven electrochemically assisted semiconductor-catalyzed iodide ion oxidation. Enhanced efficiency by oxide mixtures

Chockalingam Karunakaran / Premkumar Anilkumar
Published Online: 2009-06-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11532-009-0056-5


Oxidation of iodide ion from an air-saturated solution under natural sunlight (900±50 W m−2) on the surfaces of TiO2, ZnO, Fe2O3, MoO3 and CeO2 enhances by 6 to 12-fold on application of a cathodic bias of −0.2 to −0.3 V (vs NHE) to the semiconductors; light, the semiconductor and dissolved oxygen are essential for iodine generation. The semiconductors under an anodic bias of +0.2 to +0.3 V (vs NHE) fail to oxidize iodide ion from air-saturated solution under sunlight. Under cathodic bias, semiconductor mixtures like TiO2-ZnO, TiO2-Fe2O3 and ZnO-Fe2O3 show enhanced photocatalytic activity, indicating improved charge separation in oxide mixtures. The mechanism of photocatalysis under cathodic bias is discussed.

Keywords: Semiconductor; Photocatalysis; Potential bias; Sunlight

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About the article

Published Online: 2009-06-21

Published in Print: 2009-09-01

Citation Information: Open Chemistry, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 519–523, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11532-009-0056-5.

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© 2009 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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