Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry

1 Issue per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016 (Open Chemistry): 1.027
IMPACT FACTOR 2016 (Central European Journal of Chemistry): 1.460

CiteScore 2016: 0.61

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.288
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.735

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2391-5420
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 10, Issue 3 (Jun 2012)

Issues

Analysis of alkaloids from different chemical groups by different liquid chromatography methods

Anna Petruczynik
Published Online: 2012-03-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11532-012-0037-y

Abstract

Alkaloids are biologically active compounds widely used as pharmaceuticals and synthesised as secondary methabolites in plants. Many of these compounds are strongly toxic. Therefore, they are often subject of scientific interests and analysis. Since alkaloids — basic compounds appear in aqueous solutions as ionized and unionized forms, they are difficult for chromatographic separation for peak tailing, poor systems efficiency, poor separation and poor column-to-column reproducibility. For this reason it is necessity searching of more suitable chromatographic systems for analysis of the compounds. In this article we present an overview on the separation of selected alkaloids from different chemical groups by liquid chromatography thus indicating the range of useful methods now available for alkaloid analysis. Different selectivity, system efficiency and peaks shape may be achieved in different LC methods separations by use of alternative stationary phases: silica, alumina, chemically bonded stationary phases, cation exchange phases, or by varying nonaqueous or aqueous mobile phase (containing different modifier, different buffers at different pH, ion-pairing or silanol blocker reagents). Developments in TLC (NP and RP systems), HPLC (NP, RP, HILIC, ion-exchange) are presented and the advantages of each method for alkaloids analysis are discussed.

Keywords: Alkaloids; Thin layer chromatography; High performance liquid chromatography; Normal phase system; Reversed phase system

  • [1] C. Müller, H.S. Klaffke, W. Krauthause, R. Wittkowski, Mycotoxin Research 22, 197 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02946741CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [2] K. Balamurugan, K. Gokulakrishnan, T. Prakasam, Arabian Journal of Chemistry (2011) (In press) doi:10.1016/j.arabjc.2011.06.024 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [3] D. Sykora, E. Tesarova, M. M. Popl, J. Chromatogr. A 758, 37 (1997). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00691-7CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4] T. Fornstedt, G. Zhong, G. Guichon, J. Chromatogr.A. 741, 1 (1996) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(96)00152-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [5] J. Wang, Y. Zheng, T. Efferth, R. Wang, Y. Shen, X. Hao, Phytochemistry 66, 697 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.02.003CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6] B. Hemmateenejad, A. Abbaspour, H. Maghami, R. Miri, M.R. Panjehshahin, Anal. Chem. Acta 575, 209 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.05.093CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [7] J. Penelle, P. Christen, J. Molgo, M. Tits, V. Brandt, M. Frederich, L. Angenot, Phytochemistry 58, 619 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(01)00255-2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [8] K. Keplinger, G. Laus, M. Wurm, M.P. Dierich, H. Teppner, J. Ethnopharmacol. 64, 23 (1999 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-8741(98)00096-8CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [9] Y.D. Rattmann, M.R. Terluk, W.M. Souza, C.A.M. Santos, M.W. Biavatti, L.B. Torres, S. Mesia-Vela, L. Rieck, J.E. da Silva-Santos, M.C.A. de Marques, J. Ethnopharmacol. 100, 268 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2005.02.041CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [10] G. Laus, D. Brossner, K. Keplinger, Phytochemistry 45, 855 (1997) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(97)00061-7CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [11] J. Wang, C. Machado, D.G. Panaccione, H.-F. Tsai, C.L. Schardl, Fungal Genet. Biol. 41, 189 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fgb.2003.10.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [12] F. Berthiller, M. Sulyok, R. Krska, R. Schuhmacher, Int. J. Food Microbiol. 119, 33 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2007.07.022CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [13] H. Takayama, Y. Matsuda, K. Masubuchi, A. Ishida, M. Kitaima, N. Aimi, Tetrahedron 60, 893 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tet.2003.11.034CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [14] R. Pilarski, H. Zielińsk, D. CiesioŁka, K. Gulewicz, J. Ethnoparmacol. 104, 18 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2005.08.046CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [15] J. Zhang, Y. Yu, D. Liu, Z. Liu, Phytomedicine 14, 50 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2006.11.004CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [16] V. Fragoso, N.C. do Nascimento, D.J. Moura, A.C.R. Silva, M.F. Richter, J. Saffi, A.G. Fett-Neto, Toxicology in Vitro 22, 559 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2007.11.010CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [17] S. Uhling, D. Petersen, Toxicon 52, 175 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2008.05.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18] J.C.A. Tanaka, C.C. da Silva, I.C.P. Ferreira, G.M.C. Machado, L.L. Leon, A.J.B. de Oliveira, Phytomedicine 14, 377 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2006.09.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [19] I. Brondz, D. Ekeberg, K. Høiland, D. S. Bell, A.R. Annino, J. Chromatogr. A 1148, 1 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.02.074CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [20] W.-F. Fong, C. Wang, G.-Y. Zhu, C.-H. Leung, M.-S. Yang, H.-Y. Cheung, Phytomedicine 14, 160 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2006.03.004CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [21] A.T. Henriques, S.O. Lopes, J.T. Paranhos, T.S. Gregianini, G.L. Von Poser, A.G. Fett-Neto, J. Schripsema, Phytochemistry 65, 449 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2003.10.027CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [22] S. Lopes, G.L. von Poser, V.A. Kerber, F.M. Farias, E.L. Konrath, P. Moreno, M.E. Sobral, J.A.S. Zuanazzi, A.T. Henriques, Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 32, 1187 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2004.04.015CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23] A.L. de Miranda, J.R. Silva, C.M. Rezende, J.S. Neves, S.C. Parrini, M.L. Pinheiro, M.C. Cordeiro, E. Tamborini, A.C. Pinto, Planta Med. 66, 284 (2000) http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2000-8572CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [24] B.R.V. de Aldana, A.G. Ciudad, I. Zabalgogeazcoa, B.G. Criado, Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 93, 169 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0377-8401(01)00285-1CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [25] L. Van De Santos, A.G. Fett-Neto, V.A. Kerber, E. Elisabetsky, J.-Ch. Quirion, A.T. Henriques, Biochem. System. Ecol. 29, 1185 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(01)00059-XCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [26] M. Boga, U. Kolak, G. Topçu, F. Bahadori, M. Kartal, N.R. Farnsworth, Phytochemistry Letters 4, 399 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytol.2011.07.008CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [27] K. Jenett-Siems, R. Weigl, M. Kaloga, J. Schulz, E. Eich, Phytochemistry 62, 1257 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00756-2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [28] R. Zarate, C. Dirks, R. van der Heijden, R. Verpoorte, Plant Sci. 160, 971 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9452(01)00340-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [29] Y. Sheludko, I. Gerasimenko, M. Unger, I. Kostenyuk, J. Stoeckigt, Plant Cell Rep. 18, 911 (1999) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002990050683CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [30] H. Strzelecka, Chemiczne metody badania roślinnych surowców leczniczych (Chemical methods of medicinal plants research) 3rd edition (PZWL, Warsow, 1987) (In Polish) Google Scholar

  • [31] M. Dorer, M. Lubej, Deut. Pharm. Ges. 305, 273 (1972) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ardp.19723050408CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [32] J. Kuczyński, J. Jusiak, W GoŁkiewicz, Method for separation of scopolamine from vegetable raw material, Polish Patent, PL 157.603 (1973) Google Scholar

  • [33] Y. Jia, H. Xie, G. Deng, M. Sun, Zhogguo Zhoggao Zazhi 198, 480 (1994) Google Scholar

  • [34] M.A. Fliniaux, F. Manceau, A.J. Dubrenil, J. Chromatogr. A 644, 193 (1993) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(93)80130-ZCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [35] T. Mroczek, K. GŁowniak, J. Kowalska, J. Chromatogr. A 1107, 9 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.12.034CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [36] A. Brachet, P. Christen, J.L. Veuthey, Phytochem. Anal. 13, 162 (2002) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.637CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [37] A. Brachet, S. Rudaz, L. Mateus, P. Christen, J.L. Veuthey, J. Sep. Sci. 13, 162 (2001) Google Scholar

  • [38] A. El-Shazly, A. Tei, L. Witte, M. El-Domiaty, M. Wink, Z. Naturforsch. C/J. Biosci. 52, 729 (1997) Google Scholar

  • [39] The Polish Pharmacopoeia, 4th edition (PZWL, Warsaw, 1970) Google Scholar

  • [40] G.A. Cordell, The introduction to Alkaloids (a Biogenetic Approach) (John Wiley Sons, New York, 1981) Google Scholar

  • [41] B. Drager, A. van Almsick, G. Mrachatz, Planta Med. 61, 577 (1995) http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-959381CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [42] M. Ylinen, T. Naaranlahti, S. Lapinjoki, A. Huhtikangas, M.L. Salonen, L.K. Simola, M. Lounasmaa, Planta Med. 52, 85 (1986) http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-969086CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [43] L. Kursinszki, H. Hank, I. Laszlo, E. Szoke, J. Chromatogr. A 1091, 32 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.07.016CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [44] R. Keiner, B. Drager, Plant Sci. 150, 171 (2000) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9452(99)00184-3CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [45] R. Soulimani, C. Younos, S. Jarmouni-Idrissi, D. Bousta, F. Khalouki, A. Laila, J. Ethnopharmacology 74, 265 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-8741(00)00383-4CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [46] A.E. Hofmann Jr., C. Sbben, M. Sobral, J.H.A. Dutilh, A.T. Enriques, J.A.S. Zuanazzi, Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 31, 1455 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(03)00129-7CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [47] G. Bringmann, C. Günter, W. Saeb, J. Mies, R. Brun, L.A. Assi, Phytochemistry 54, 337 (2000) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)00107-2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [48] Q. Zhang, G. Tu, Y. Zhao, T. Cheng, Tetrahedron 58, 6795 (2002) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0040-4020(02)00792-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [49] H. de Wet, F.R. van Heerden, B.E. van Wyk, Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 33, 799 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2004.12.014CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [50] J. Potier, N. Galand, J. Chromatogr. A 1080, 186 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.05.023CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [51] G. Bringmann, F. Teltschik, M. Michael, S. Busemann, M. Rücker, Phytochemistry 52, 321 (1999) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(99)00130-2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [52] G. Bringmann, M. Wenzel, M. Rübenacher, M. Schäffer, M. Rücker, A.A. Laurent, Phytochemistry 49, 1151 (1998) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(98)00070-3CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [53] L.K. Yang, R.P. Glover, K. Yoganathan, J.P. Sarnaik, A.J. Godbole, D.D. Soejarto, A.D. Buss, M.S. Butler, Tetrahedron Lett. 44, 5827 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0040-4039(03)01397-2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [54] G. Bringmann, K. Messer, K. Wolf, J. Müchlbacker, M. Grüne, Phytochemistry 60, 389 (2002) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00109-7CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [55] A. Montagnac, F. Remy, M. Pais, A. Hadi, A. Hamid, Phytochemistry 39, 701 (1995) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(94)00936-NCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [56] J. Pothier, N. Galand, C. Viel, J. Planar Chromatogr. 4, 392 (1991) Google Scholar

  • [57] L. Krusinszki, A. Sarkozi, A. Kery, E. Szoke, Chromatographia 63, S131 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1365/s10337-006-0808-8CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [58] A. Adsersen, B. Gauguin, L. Gudiksen, A.K. Jäger, J. Ethnopharmacol. 104, 418 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2005.09.032CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [59] F.Q. Alali, A. Gharaibeh, A. Ghawanmeh, K. Tawaha, N.H. Oberlies, Phytochem. Anal. 19, 385 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.1060CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [60] F. Pellati, S. Benvenuti, J. Pharma Biomed. Anal. 48, 254 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2007.10.034CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [61] S. Wanwimorluk, S. Wong, H. Hang, P.F. Coville, J. Liq. Chromatogr. Related Technol. 19, 293 (1996) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10826079608005513CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [62] R. Gatti, M.G. Gioia, V. Cavrini, Anal. Chim. Acta 512, 85 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2004.02.018CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [63] V.F. Samanidou, E.N. Evaggelopoulou, I.N. Papadoyannis, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 38, 21 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2004.12.005CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [64] C. Giround, T. van Leer, R. van der Heijden, R. Verpoorte, C.E. Heermans, M.W. Niessen, J. van der Greek, Planta Med. 57, 142 (1991) http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-960051CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [65] E.M. Hodel, B. Zanolari, T. Mercier, J. Biollaz, J. Keiser, P. Olliaro, B. Genton, L.A. Decosterd, J. Chromatogr. B 877, 867 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2009.02.006CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [66] V.K. Manda, R.K. Mittapalli, K.A. Bohn, C.E. Adkins, P.R. Lockman, J. Neurochem. 115, 1495 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-4159.2010.07054.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [67] J. Yang, Y. Hu, J.B. Cai, X.L. Zhu, Q.D. Su, Y.Q. Hu, F.X. Liang, Food Chem. Toxicol. 45, 896 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2006.11.010CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [68] Y. Iwasaki, M. Goto, K. Mochizuki, E. Terayama, R. Ito, K. Saito, N. Sugino, T. Makino, H. Nakazawa, Biomed. Chromatogr. 25, 503 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.1475CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [69] E.I. Miller, H.-R. K. Norris, D.E. Rollins, S.T. Tiffany, D.G. Wilkins, J. Chromatogr. B, 878, 725 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2009.12.018CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [70] Y. Xia, M. Xu, R.R. Alexander, J.T. Bernert, J. Chromatogr. B 879, 2142 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2010.11.037CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [71] B.S. Sachin, I.A. Najar, S.C. Sharma, M.K. Verma, M.V. Reddy, R. Anand, R.K. Khajuria, S. Koul, R.K. Johri, J. Chromatogr. B, 878, 823 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2010.01.048CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [72] S. Pichini, M. Pellegrini, R. Pacifici, E. Marchei, J. Murillo, C. Puig, O. Vall, O. García-Algar, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 17, 1958 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.1140CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [73] A.C.H.F. Sawaya, B.G. Vaz, M.N. Eberlin, P. Mazzafera, Genet. Resour. Crop. Evol. 58, 471 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10722-011-9660-2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [74] Y.-R. Ku, K.-C. Wen, L.-K. Ho, Y.-S. Cheng, J. Pharm. Bniomed. Anal. 20, 351 (1999) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0731-7085(99)00063-1CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [75] M.A. Rostagno, N. Manchon, M. D’Arrigo, E. Guillamon, A. Villares, A. Garcia-Lafuente, A. Ramos, J.A. Martinez, Anal. Chim. Acta 685, 204 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2010.11.031CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [76] G. Hosch, H. Wiedenfeld, T. Dingermann, E. Roeder, Phytochem. Anal. 7, 284 (1996) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1565(199611)7:6<284::AID-PCA315>3.0.CO;2-VCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [77] C. Frölich, D. Ober, T. Hartmann, Phytochemistry 68, 1026 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.01.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [78] A. Xiong, Y. Li, L. Yang, J. Gao, Y. He, C. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Pharm. Biomed.Anal. 50, 1070 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2009.06.037CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [79] Z.H. Wang, D. Guo, Y. He, C.H. Hu, J.Z. Zhang, Phytochem. Anal. 15, 16 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.736CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [80] X. Liu, L. Li, J. Sun, Y. Sun, T. Zhang, D. Chen, Z. He, Chromatographia 63, 483 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1365/s10337-006-0773-2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [81] T. Haarmann, I. Ortel, P. Tudzynski, U. Keller, Chem. Biochem. 7, 645 (2006) Google Scholar

  • [82] G.R. Luna-Palencia, C.M. Cerda-Garcia-Rojas, M. Rodriguez-Monroy, A.C. Ramos-Valdivia, Biotechnol. Prog. 21, 198 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bp0497031CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [83] K.-H. Lim, Y.-Y. Low, G.-H.t Tan, T.-S. Kam, Helv. Chim. Acta 91, 1559 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hlca.200890169CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [84] T.-S. Kam, Y.-M. Choo, Helv. Chim. Acta 87, 366 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hlca.200490033CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [85] K.-H. Lim, T.-S. Kam, Helv. Chim. Acta 90, 31 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hlca.200790018CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [86] G. Subramaniam, Y.-M. Choo, O. Hiraku, K. Komiyama, T.-S. Kam, Tetrahedron 64, 1397 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tet.2007.11.047CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [87] M.L. Miranda-Ham, I. Islas-Flores, F. Vázquez-Flota, Biochem. Mol. Biol Educ. 35, 206 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmb.60CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [88] X.-J. Hu, H.-P. He, H. Zhou, Y.-T. Di, X.-W. Yang, X.-J. Hao, L.-Y. Kong, Helv. Chim. Acta 89, 1344 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hlca.200690134CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [89] H. Zhang, J.-M. Yue, Helv. Chim. Acta 88, 2537 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hlca.200590191CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [90] J.-J. Chen, Y.-T. Luo, T.-L. Hwang, P.-J. Sung, T.-C. Wang, I.-S. Chen, Chem. Biodiversity 5, 1345 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.200890122CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [91] Y.W. Zhang, R. Yang, Q. Cheng, K. Ofuji, Helv. Chim. Acta 86, 415 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hlca.200390042CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [92] C.G. Pereira, M.O.M. Marques, A.S. Barreto, A.C. Siani, E.C. Fernandes, M.A.A. Meireles, J. Supercritical Fliuids 30, 51 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0896-8446(03)00112-8CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [93] L. Katoa, R.M. Bragaa, I. Kochb, L.S. Kinoshita, Phytochemistry 60, 315 (2002) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00122-XCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [94] J. Penelle, P. Christen, J. Molgó, M. Tits, V. Brandt, M. Frederich, L. Angenot, Phytochemistry 58, 619 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(01)00255-2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [95] R. Verpoorte, M. Frederich, C. Delaude, L. Angenot, G. Dive, P. Thepenier, M.-J. Jacquier, M. Zeches-Hanrot, C. Lavaud, J.-M. Nuzillard, Phytochemistry Letters 3, 100 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytol.2010.02.005CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [96] J.C.A. Tanaka, C.C. da Silva, I.C.P. Ferreira, G.M.C. Machado, L.L. Leon, A.J.B. de Oliveira, Phytomedicine 14, 377 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2006.09.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [97] C.-T. Lu, H.-F. Tang, X.-L. Sun, A.-D. Wen, W. Zhang, N. Ma, Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 38, 441 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2010.02.004CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [98] A.Á.T. Pimenta, R. Braz-Filho, P.G. Delprete, E.B. de Souza, E.R. Silveira, M.A.S. Lima, Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 38, 846 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2010.07.013CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [99] H. Tanino, K. Fukuishi, M. Ushiyama K. Okada, Tetrahedron 60, 3273 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tet.2004.02.015CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [100] T.-S. Kam, K.-H. Lim, K. Yoganathan, M. Hayashib, K. Komiyama, Tetrahedron 60, 10739 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tet.2004.08.091CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [101] S.-J. Tan, W.T. Robinson, K. Komiyama, T.-S. Kam, Tetrahedron 67, 3830 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tet.2011.03.099CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [102] S.-E.N. Ayyad, S.A. Basaif, A.T. Al-Saggaf, W.M. Alarif, Journal of Saudi Chemical Society (2011) (In press) doi:10.1016/j.jscs.2011.02.008 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [103] M. Magnotta, J. Murata, J. Chen, V. De Luca, Phytochemistry 67, 1758 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2006.05.018CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [104] T.M. Lipińska, Tetrahedron 62, 5736 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tet.2006.03.085CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [105] K.-H. Lim, T.-S. Kam, Phytochemistry 69, 558 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.06.001CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [106] R.-B. Volk, J. Appl. Phycol. 18, 145 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10811-006-9085-zCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [107] J. Beyer, F.T. Peters, T. Kraemer, H.H. Maurer, J. Mass Spectrom. 42, 150 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jms.1132CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [108] T.C. Thoden, M. Boppre, J. Hallmann, Pest. Manag. Sci. 65, 823 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ps.1764CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [109] A.-U. Rahman, K.F. Khattak, F. Nighat, M. Shabbir, O. Hemalal, L.M. Tillekeratne, Phytochemistry, 48, 37 (1998) Google Scholar

  • [110] K. Jenett-Siems, R. Weigl, A. Böhm, P. Mann, B. Tofern-Reblin, S.C. Ott, A. Ghomian, M. Kaloga, K. Siems, L. Witte, M. Hilker, F. Müller, E. Eich, Phytochemistry 66, 1448 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.04.027CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [111] O. Muñoz, M. Piovano, J. Garbarino, V. Hellwing, E. Breitmaier, Phytochemistry 43, 709 (1996) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(96)00308-1CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [112] A. Brachet, O. Muñoz, M. Gupta, J.-L. Veuthey, P. Christen, Phytochemistry 46, 143 (1997) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(97)00506-2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [113] P. Rocha, O. Stenzel, A. Parr, N. Walton, P.l Christou, B. Dräger, M. J. Leech, Plant Sci. 162, 905 (2002) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9452(02)00033-XCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [114] R. Keiner, B. Dräger, Plant Sci.150, 171 (2000) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9452(99)00184-3CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [115] T.D. Nikam, R.S. Savant, Physiol. Mol. Biol. Plants 15, 71 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12298-009-0007-9CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [116] Y. Nishiyama, M. Moriyasu, M. Ichimaru, M. Sonoda, K. Iwasa, A. Kato, F.D. Juma, S.G. Mathenge, P.B.C. Mutiso, J. Nat. Med. 61, 56 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11418-006-0018-6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [117] G. Bringmann, C. Günther, J. Mühlbacher, M.D. Lalith, P. Gunathilake, A. Wickramasinghe, Phytochemistry 53, 409 (2000) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(99)00561-0CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [118] T. Mroczek, K. GŁowniak, J. Kowalska, J. Chromatogr. A, 1107, 9 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.12.034CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [119] A. Singh, N.K. Nirala, S. Das, A. Narula, M.V. Rajam, P.S. Srivastava, Acta Physiol. Plant. 33(6), 2453 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11738-011-0787-8CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [120] H.R. El-Seedi, P.A.G.M. De Smet, O. Beck, G. Possnert, J.G. Bruhn, J. Ethnopharmacol. 101, 238 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2005.04.022CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [121] E. Bodoki, R. Oprean, L. Vlase, M. Tamas, R Sandulescu, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 37, 971 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2004.10.006CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [122] V. Mirakor, V. Vaidya, S. Menon, P. Champanerker, A. Laud, J. Planar Chromatogr. 21, 187 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/JPC.21.2008.3.6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [123] S. Khatoon, M. Srivastava, A.K.S. Rawat, S. Mehrotra, J. Planar Chromatogr. 18, 364 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/JPC.18.2005.5.5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [124] R.S. Allen, J.A.C. Miller, J.A. Chitty, A.J. Fist, W.L. Gerlach, P.J. Larkin, Plant Biotechnol. J. 6, 22 (2007) Google Scholar

  • [125] C. L. Gopu, S. Aher, H. Mehta, A. R. Paradkar, K. R. Mahadzik, Phytochem. Anal. 19, 116 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.1022CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [126] F. Alali, K. Tawaha, R. M. Qasaymeh, Phytochem. Anal. 15, 27 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.738CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [127] E. Ellington, J. Bastida, F. Viladomat, V. Simanek, C. Codina, Biochem. Sys. Ecol. 31, 715 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(02)00248-XCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [128] A. Petruczynik, M. Waksmundzka-Hajnos, T. Michniowski, T. Plech, T. Tuzimski, M. L. Hajnos, M. Gadzikowska, G. Józwiak, J. Chromatogr. Sci. 45, 447 (2007) CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [129] J. Pothier, N. Galand, J. Chromatogr. A, 1080, 186 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.05.023CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [130] E. Mincsovics, J. Planar Chromatogr. 23, 190 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/JPC.23.2010.3.4CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [131] M. J. Ford, G. J. Van Berkel, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 18, 1297 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.1486CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [132] M. Aranda, G. Morlock, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 21, 1297 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.2949CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [133] E.L. Harry, J.C. Reynolds, A.W.T. Bristow, I.D. Wilson, C.S. Creaser, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 23, 2597 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.4152CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [134] M. Shariatgorji, Z. Spacil, G. Maddalo, L.B. Cardenas, L.L. Ilag, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 23, 3655 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.4297CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [135] F.G. Todd, F.R. Stermitz, P. Schultheis, A.P. Knight, J. Traub-Dargat, Phytochemistry, 39, 301 (1995) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(94)00969-ZCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [136] R. Duran-Patrona, D. O’Hagana, J.T.G. Hamilton, C.W. Wonga, Phytochemistry 53, 777 (2000) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)00022-4CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [137] J.A.S. Zuanazzi, V. Tremea, R.P. Limberger, M. Sobral, A.T. Henriques, Biochem. Sys. Ecol. 29, 819 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(01)00022-9CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [138] R.K. Suleiman, M.A. Zarga, S.S. Sabri, Fitoterapia 81, 864 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2010.05.013CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [139] C. Bucher, C. Sparr, W.B. Schweizer, R. Gilmour, Chem. Eur. J. 15, 7637 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.200900505CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [140] P. Duret, M.A. Fakhfakh, C. Herrenknecht, A. Fournet, X. Franck, B. Figadere, R. Hocquemiller, J. Chromatogr. A 1011, 55 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(03)01020-3CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [141] S.-E. Lee, M.-R. Kim, J.-H. Kim, G. R. Takeoka, T.-W. Kim, B.-S. Park, Phytomedicine 15, 533 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2007.08.001CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [142] C. Ferreira, D.C. Soares, C.B. Barreto-Junior, M.T. Nascimento, L. Freire-de-Lima, J.C. Delorenzi, M.E.F. Lima, G.C. Atella, E. Folly, T.M.U. Carvalho, E.M. Saraiva, L.H. Pinto-da-Silva, Phytochemistry 72, 2155 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2011.08.006CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [143] D. Suresh, H. Manjunatha, K. Srinivasan, J. Food Compos. Anal. 20 (2007) 346 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2006.10.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [144] K.C. Patra, K.J. Kumar, J. Planar Chromatogr. 23, 293 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/JPC.23.2010.4.11CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [145] C. Cimpoiu, A. Hosu, L. Seserman, M. Sandru, V. Miclaus, J. Sep. Sci. 33, 3794 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201000554CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [146] Y. Koshiro, X.-Q. Zheng, M.-L. Wang, C. Nagai, H. Ashihara, Plant Sci. 171, 242 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2006.03.017CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [147] M. Aranda, G. Morlock, J. Chromatogr. A 1131, 253 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.07.018CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [148] G. Guella, I. N’Diaye, M. Fofana, I. Mancini, Tetrahedron 62, 1165 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tet.2005.10.072CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [149] W. Ternes, E.L. Krause, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 374, 155 (2002) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-002-1416-6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [150] T. Haarmann, I. Ortel, P. Tudzynski, U. Keller, Chem. Biochem. 7, 645 (2006) Google Scholar

  • [151] A.T. Henriques, S.O. Lopes, J.T. Paranhos, T.S. Gregianini, G. Lino Von Poser, A.G. Fett-Neto, J. Schripsema, Phytochemistry 65, 449 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2003.10.027CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [152] J. Wang, Y. Zheng, T. Efferth, R. Wang, Y. Shen, X. Hao, Phytochemistry 66, 697 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.02.003CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [153] F. Wang, F.-C. Ren, J-K. Liu, Phytochemistry 70, 650 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2009.03.007CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [154] F. Baumann, R. Regenthal, I.L. Burgos-Guerrero, U. Hegerl, R. Preiss, J. Chromatogr. B 878, 107 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2009.11.032CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [155] P.D. Tzanavaras, D.G. Themelis, Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 89 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.07.081CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [156] Z. Lou, C. Er, J. Li, H. Wang, S. Zhu, J. Sun, Anal. Chim. Acta 716, 49 (2012) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2011.07.038CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [157] C. Hua Jin, J.W. Lee, K.H. Row, J. Sep. Sci. 31, 23 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200700244CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [158] Z. Tao, R.K. Ho, Chin. J. Chem. 28, 1463 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cjoc.201090250CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [159] M. del Rosario Brunetto, L. Gutiérrez, Y. Delgado, M. Gallignani, A. Zambrano, A. Gómez, G. Ramos, C. Romero, Food Chemistry 100, 459 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.10.007CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [160] H. Wang, L. Chen, Y. Xu, Q. Zeng, X. Zhang, Q. Zhao, L. Ding, Food Sci. Technol. 44, 1490 (2011) Google Scholar

  • [161] J. Fiot, B. Baghdikian, L. Boyer, V. Mahiou, N. Azas, M. Gasquet, P. Timon-David, G. Balansard, E. Ollivier, Phytochem. Anal. 16, 30 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.806CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [162] K.X. Tang, D.H. Liu, Y.L. Wang, L.J. Cui, W.W. Ren, X.F. Sun, Rus. J. Plant Physiology 58, 415 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S1021443711030125CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [163] J. Pietsch, J. Günther, T. Henle, J. Dreßler, J. Sep. Sci. 31, 2410 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200800128CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [164] S.N. Wang, Z. Liu, P. Xu, J. App. Microbiol. 107, 838 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2009.04259.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [165] T. Haarmann, C. Machado, Y. Lübbe, T. Correia, C.L. Schardl, D.G. Panaccione, P. Tudzynski, Phytochemistry 66, 1312 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.04.011CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [166] D. Mulaca, H.-U. Humpf, Toxicology 282, 112 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2011.01.019CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [167] S. Uhlig, D. Petersen, E. Rolèn, W. Egge-Jacobsen, T. Vrålstad, Phytochem. Lett. 4, 79 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytol.2010.09.004CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [168] U. Lauber, R. Schnaufer, M. Gredziak, Y. Kiesswetter, Mycotoxin Research 21, 258 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02957588CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [169] J. Wang, C. Machado, D.G. Panaccione, H.-F. Tsai, C.L. Schardl, Fung. Gen. Biol. 41, 189 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fgb.2003.10.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [170] M. Ruhland, J. Tischler, Mycotoxin Research 24, 73 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02985284CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [171] C.M.Y. Ong, C.M. Heard, Int. J. Pharm. 366, 58 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2008.08.048CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [172] I. Kim, M.A. Huestis, J. Mass Spectrom. 41, 815 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jms.1039CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [173] Y.J. Yuan, Z.X. Lu, L.J. Huang, X.M. Bie, F.X. Lu, Y. Li, J.App. Microbiol. 101, 691 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2006.02929.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [174] H.R. Inoue, K. Yagi, K. Saito, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 49, 108 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2008.09.044CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [175] Y. Zhang, Q. Shi, P. Shi, W. Zhang, Y. Cheng, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 20, 2328 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.2593CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [176] F. Liua, S.Y. Wana, Z. Jianga, S.F.Y. Li, E.S. Ong, J.C.C. Osorio, Talanta 80, 916 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2009.08.020CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [177] H. Zheng, G. Chen, L. Shi, Z. Lou, F. Chen, J. Hu, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 49, 427 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2008.11.032CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [178] D.R. Gardner, D. Cook, Phytochem. Anal. 22, 124 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.1257CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [179] J. Pietsch, J. Günther, T. Henle, J. Dreßler, J. Sep. Sci. 31, 2410 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200800128CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [180] T.S. Gregianini, V.C. da Silveira, D.D. Porto, V.A. Kerber, A.T. Henriques, A.G. Fett-Neto, Photochem. Photobiol. 78, 470 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1562/0031-8655(2003)078<0470:TABIIB>2.0.CO;2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [181] J.T. Paranhos, V. Fragoso, V.C. da Silveira, A.T. Henriques, A.G. Fett-Neto, Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 37, 707 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2009.12.003CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [182] S. Goklany, R.H. Loring, J. Glick, C.W.T. Lee-Parsons, Biotechnol. Prog. 25, 1289 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/btpr.204CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [183] A.A. Philipp, D.K. Wissenbach, S.W. Zoerntlein, O.N. Klein, J. Kanogsunthornratc, H.H. Maurer, J. Mass. Spectrom. 44, 1249 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jms.1607CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [184] R.B. Volk, Microbiol. Res. 163, 307 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2006.06.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [185] W. Schliemann, B. Schneider, V. Wray, J. Schmidt, M. Nimtz, A. Porzel, H. Böhm, Phytochemistry 67, 191 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.11.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [186] V. Fragoso, N. Cannes do Nascimento, D.J. Moura, A.C. Romano e Silva, M.F. Richter, J. Saffi, A.G. Fett-Neto, Toxicology in Vitro 22, 559 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2007.11.010CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [187] J.A. González-Vera, M.T. García-López, R. Herranz, Tetrahedron 63, 9229 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tet.2007.06.053CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [188] H. Arai, Y. Hirasawa, A. Rahman, I. Kusumawati, N.C. Zaini, S. Sato, C. Aoyama, J. Takeo, H. Morita, Bioorg. Med. Chem. 18, 2152 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2010.01.077CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [189] L.S. Fernandez, M.L. Sykes, K.T. Andrews, V.M. Avery, Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents 36, 275 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2010.05.008CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [190] G. Van Baelen, S. Hostyn, L. Dhooghe, P. Tapolcsányi, P. Mátyus, G. Lemičre, R. Dommisse, M. Kaiser, R. Brun, P. Cos, L. Maes, G. Hajós, Z. Riedl, I. Nagy, B.U.W. Maes, L. Pieters, Bioorg. Med. Chem. 17, 7209 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2009.08.057CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [191] C. Jousse, T.D. Vu, T.L.M. Tran, M.H.A. Balkhi, R. Molinié, M. Boitel-Conti, S. Pilard, D. Mathiron, A. Hehn, F. Bourgaud, E. Gontier, Phytochem. Anal. 21, 118 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.1180CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [192] R.S. Sangwan, N.D. Chaurasiya, P. Lal, L. Misra, R. Tuli, N.S. Sangwan, Physiol. Plant. 133, 278 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2008.01076.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [193] N. el Jaber-Vazdekiz, F. Gutierrez-Nicolas, Á.G. Ravelo, R. Zárate, Phytochem. Anal. 17, 107 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.893CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [194] S.-M. Kang, H.-Y. Jung, Y.-M. Kang, D.-J. Yun, J.-D. Bahk, J.-k. Yang, M.-S. Choi, Plant Sci. 166, 745 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2003.11.022CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [195] S. Bieri, E. Varesio, J.-L. Veuthey, O. Muñoz, L.-H. Tseng, U. Bramann, M. Spraul, P. Christen, Phytochem. Anal. 17, 78 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.889CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [196] H. John, T. Binder, H. Höchstetter, H. Thiermann, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 396, 751 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-009-3209-7CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [197] S. Bieri, E. Varesio, O. Muñoz, J.-L. Veuthey, P. Christen, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 40, 545 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2005.07.007CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [198] H. John, F. Eyer, T. Zilker, H. Thiermann, Anal. Chim. Acta 680, 32 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2010.09.018CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [199] P. K. Harrison, J. E. H. Tattersall, E. Gosden, Arch. Pharmacol. 373, 230 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00210-006-0054-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [200] D. Satpati, A. Korde, U. Pandey, P. Dhami, S. Banerjee, M. Venkatesh, J. Label Compd. Radiopharm 49, 951 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jlcr.1115CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [201] S.Y. Cho, E. Fox, C. McCully, J. Bauch, K. Marsh, F.M. Balis, Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol. 60, 563 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00280-006-0402-7CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [202] O. Ogunbodede, D. McCombs, K. Trout, P. Daley, M. Terry, J. Ethnopharmacol. 131, 356 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2010.07.021CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [203] R. Mohamed, E. Gremaud, J. Richoz-Payot, J.-C. Tabet, P.A. Guy, J.Chromatogr. A, 1114, 62 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.02.035CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [204] A. Koulman, G.A. Lane, M.J. Christensen, K. Fraser, B.A. Tapper, Phytochemistry 68, 355 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2006.10.012CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [205] X. Dong, W. Wang, S. Ma, H. Sun, Y. Li, J. Guo, J. Chromatogr. A 1070, 125 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.03.017CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [206] B. Tisserat, M. Berhow, Eng. Life Sci. 9, 190 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elsc.200800100CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [207] J. Ziegler, S. Voigtländer, J. Schmidt, R. Kramell, O. Miersch, C. Ammer, A. Gesell, T.M. Kutchan, The Plant Journal 48, 177 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2006.02860.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [208] W. Zhong, C. Zhu, M. Shu, K. Sun, L. Zhao, C. Wang, Z. Ye, J. Chen, Bioresour. Technol. 101, 6935 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2010.03.142CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [209] J. Beyer, F.T. Peters, T. Kraemer, H.H. Maurer, J. Mass Spectrom. 42, 621 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jms.1191CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [210] J. Zhanga, B. Michniak-Kohn, Int. J. Phar maceut. 421, 34 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2011.09.014CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [211] I. Bucsi, M. Sutyinszki, K. Felföldi, M. Bartók, Catal. Commun. 7, 104 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.catcom.2005.09.009CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [212] E. Kayitarea, C. Vervaet, E. Mehuys, P.C. Kayumba, J.D. Ntawukulilyayo, C. Karema, Van Bortel, J.P. Remon, Int. J.Pharmaceut. 392, 29 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2010.03.023CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [213] A.A. Koffi, F. Agnely, M. Besnard, J. Kablan Brou, J.L. Grossiord, G. Ponchel, Eur. J. Pharm. Biopharm. 69, 167 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpb.2007.09.017CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [214] P.C. Kayumba, N. Huyghebaert, C. Cordella, J.D. Ntawukuliryayo, C. Vervaet, J.P. Remon, Eur. J. Pharm. Biopharm. 66, 460 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpb.2006.11.018CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [215] G.O. Petersen, C.E. Leite, J.M. Chatkin, F.V. Thiesen, J. Sep. Sci. 33, 516 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200900575CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [216] H. Wang, Q. Zhao, W. Song, Y. Xu, X. Zhang, Q. Zeng, H. Chen, L. Ding, N. Ren, Talanta 85, 743 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2011.04.058CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [217] D.M. Shakleya, M.A. Huestis, J.Chromatogr. B, 877, 3537 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2009.08.033CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [218] S. Bajad, R.K. Khajuria, O.P. Suri, K.L. Bedi, J. Sep. Sci. 26, 943 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200301511CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [219] J. Liu, Y. Bi, R. Luo, X. Wu, J.Chromatogr. B, 879, 2885 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2011.08.018CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [220] S.N.S. Anumolu, Y. Singh, D. Gao, S. Stein, P.J. Sinko, J. Control. Release 137, 152 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jconrel.2009.03.016CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [221] S.G. Musharraf, M. Goher, A. Ali, A. Adhikari, M.I. Choudhary, A. Rahman, Steroids 77, 138 (2012) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.steroids.2011.11.001CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [222] V. Perera, A.S. Grossa, A.J. McLachlan, Biomed. Chromatogr. 24, 1136 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.1419CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [223] K.-H. Chou, L.N. Bell, J. Food Sci. 72, 337 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2007.00414.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [224] Y. Dessalegn, M.T. Labuschagne, G. Osthoff, L. Herselman, J. Sci. Food Agric. 88, 1726 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3271CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [225] T.W. Vickroy, S.-K. Chang, C.-C. Chou, J. vet. Pharmacol. Therap. 31, 156 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2885.2008.00942.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [226] R. Davicino, R. Alonso, C. Anesini, J. Food Biochem. 35, 877 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4514.2010.00427.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [227] M. Pedrouzo, S. Reverté, F. Borrull, E. Pocurull, R.M. Marcé, J. Sep. Sci. 30, 297 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600269CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [228] Q. Chen, Z. Guo, J. Zhao, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 48, 1321 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2008.09.016CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [229] I. Hečimović, A. Belščak-Cvitanović, D. Horžić, D. Komes, Food Chem. 129, 991 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.05.059CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [230] M. Ito, T. Suzuki, S. Yada, A. Kusai, H. Nakagami, E. Yonemochi, K. Terada, J. Pharm. Biomed.Anal. 47, 819 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2008.03.033CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [231] Y. Zhang, N. Mehrotra, N.R. Budha, M.L. Christensen, B. Meibohm, Clin. Chim. Acta 398, 105 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2008.08.023CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [232] A.S. Ptolemy, E. Tzioumis, A. Thomke, S. Rifai, M. Kellogg, J. Chromatogr. B, 878, 409 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2009.12.019CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [233] J. Castro, T. Pregibon, K. Chumanov, R.K. Marcus, Talanta 82, 1687 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2010.07.054CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [234] K. Wei, L.-Y. Wang, J. Zhou, W. He, J.-M. Zeng, Y.-W. Jiang, H. Cheng, Food Chem. 130, 720 (2012) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.07.092CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [235] C. Frölich, T. Hartmann, D. Ober, Phytochemistry 67, 1493 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2006.05.031CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [236] J.C. Marín-Loaiza, L. Ernst, T. Beuerle, C. Theuring, C.L. Céspedes, T. Hartmann, Phytochemistry 69, 154 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.07.004CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [237] F.Q. Alali, Y.R. Tahboub, E.S. Ibrahim, A.M. Qandil, K. Tawaha, J.P. Burgess, A. Sy, Y. Nakanishi, D.J. Kroll, N.H. Oberlies, Phytochemistry 69, 2341 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2008.06.017CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [238] Z. Jiang, F. Liu, J.J.L. Goh, L. Yu, S.F.Y. Li, E.S. Ong, C.N. Ong, Talanta 79, 539 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2009.04.028CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [239] I. Narberhaus, U. Papke, C. Theuring, T. Beuerle, T. Hartmann, S. Dobler, J.Chem. Ecol. 30, 2003 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:JOEC.0000045591.26364.72CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [240] Y. Li, Z. Hu, L. He, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 43, 1667 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2006.12.028CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [241] L. Zhang, W. Liu, R. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Shen, X. Chen, K. Bi, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 47, 892 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2008.03.019CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [242] G. Tan, Z. Zhu, J. Jing, L. Lv, Z. Lou, G. Zhang, Y. Chai, Biomed. Chromatogr. 25, 913 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.1544CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [243] J. Beyer, F.T. Peters, T. Kraemer, H.H. Maurer, J. Mass Spectrom. 42, 621 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jms.1191CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [244] J.-H. Chen, C.-Y. Lee, B.-C. Liau, M.-R. Lee, T.-T. Jong, S.-T. Chiang, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 48, 1105 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2008.08.022CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [245] F. Zhang, M.-h. Tang, L.-j. Chena, R. Li, X.-h. Wang, J.-g. Duan, X. Zhao, Y.-q. Wei, J. Chromatogr. B, 873, 173 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2008.08.008CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [246] C. Lopez, B. Claude, Ph. Morin, J.-P. Max, R. Pena, J.-P. Ribet, Anal. Chim. Acta 683, 198 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2010.09.051CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [247] G. Schröder, E. Unterbusch, M. Kaltenbach, J. Schmidt, D. Strack, V. De Luca, J. Schröder, FEBS Lett. 458, 97 (1999) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0014-5793(99)01138-2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [248] C.A.M. Peebles, S.-B. Hong, S.I. Gibson, J. V. Shanks, K.-Y. San, Biotechnol. Bioeng. 93(3), 401 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bit.20739CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [249] A. Verma, K. Hartonen, M.-L. Riekkola, Phytochem. Anal. 19, 52 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.1015CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [250] R.K. Satdive, D.P. Fulzele, S. Eapen, Biotechnol. Prog. 19, 1071 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bp020138gCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [251] S. Uhlig, D. Petersen, Toxicon 52, 175 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2008.05.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [252] N.W. Shappeld, D.J. Smith, In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. Animal 41, 245 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1290/0504026R.1CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [253] R. Hu, J. Zhao, L.-W. Qi, P. Li, S.-L. Jing, H.-J. Li, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 23, 1619 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.4038CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [254] R.Q. Gabr, M.E. Elsherbiny, V. Somayaji, P.T. Pollak, D.R. Brocks, Biomed. Chromatogr. 25, 1124 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.1581CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [255] X. Wang, Z. Pi, W. Liu, Y. Zhao, S. Liu, Chin. J. Chem. 28, 2494 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cjoc.201190028CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [256] Z.-H. Jiang, Y. Xie, H. Zhou, J.-R. Wang, Z.-Q. Liu, Y.-F. Wong, X. Cai, H.-X. Xu, L. Liu, Phytochem. Anal. 16, 415 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.861CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [257] D. Csupor, E.M. Wenzig, I. Zupko, K. Wolkart, J. Hohmann, R. Bauer, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2079 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.10.082CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [258] P. Qiu, X. Chena, X. Chen, L. Lin, C. Ai, J. Chromatogr. B, 875, 471 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2008.09.034CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [259] J. Crommen, G. Shill, L. Hackzell, D. Westerlund, Chromatographia 24, 252 (1987) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02688487CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [260] J. Stahlberg, Chromatographia 24, 820 (1987) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02688591CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [261] P. Jandera, J. Churaček, B. Taraba, J. Chromatogr. 262, 121 (1983) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88093-6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [262] J. Inczedy, F. Szokoli, J. Chromatogr. 508, 309 (1990) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)91273-1CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [263] C. J. Jones, N. Membreno, C.K. Larive, J Chromatogr. A, 1217, 479 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.11.064CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [264] H. Zou, Y. Zhang, P. Lu, J. Chromatogr. 545, 59 (1991) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88695-7CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [265] C.T. Huang, R.B. Tylor, J. Chromatogr. 202, 333 (1980) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)91817-XCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [266] S. Afrashtehfar, F.C. Cantwell, Anal. Chem. 54, 2422 (1982) http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac00251a005CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [267] C.M. Riley, E. TomLinson, T.M. Jefferies, J. Chromatogr. 185, 197 (1979) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)85605-8CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [268] H. Knox, R.A. Hartwick, J. Chromatogr. 204, 3 (1981) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)81633-7CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [269] A.P. Goldberg, E. Nowakowska, P.E. Antle, L.R. Snyder, J. Chromatogr. 316, 241 (1984) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)96156-9CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [270] J. Stahlberg, J. Chromatogr. 356, 231 (1986) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)91485-7CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [271] B.A. Bidlingmeyer, S.N. Deming, W.P. Price Jr., B. Sachok, M. Petrusek, J. Chromatogr. 186, 419 (1979) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95264-6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [272] I. Gerasimenko, Y. Sheludko, M. Unger, J. Stöckigt, Phytochem. Anal. 12, 96 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.567CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [273] A.B. Cardillo, A.A.M. Otalvaro, V.D. Busto, J.R. Talou, L.M.E. Velasquez, A.M. Giulietti, Process Biochem. 45, 1577 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2010.06.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [274] A.B. Cardillo, J.R. Talou, A.M. Giulietti, Microbial Cell Factories 7, 17 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-2859-7-17CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [275] E.Ch. Kotzagiorgis, S. Michaleas, E. Antoniadou-Vyza, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 43, 1370 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2006.11.019CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [276] M. Ganzera, C. Lanser, H. Stuppner, Talanta 66, 889 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2004.12.045CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [277] A.T.W. Eng, M.Y. Heng, E.S. Ong, Anal. Chim. Acta 583, 289 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.09.019CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [278] B. Remberg, A.F. Sterrantino, R. Artner, C. Janitsch, L. Krenn, Chem. Biodiver. 5, 1770 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.200890166CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [279] J.O. Soyinka, C.O. Onyeji, S.I. Omoruyi, J. Chromatogr. B, 877, 441 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2008.12.045CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [280] J. Yang, Y. Hu, J.-B. Cai, X.-L. Zhu, Q.-D. Su, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 384, 761 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-005-0221-4CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [281] G.C. Uniyal, S. Bala, A.K. Mathur, R.N. Kulkarni, Phytochem. Anal. 12, 206 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.575CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [282] S. Grün, M. Frey, A. Gierl, Phytochemistry 66, 1264 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.01.024CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [283] J. Zhao, W.-H. Zhu, Q. Hu, Enzyme Microb. Technol. 28, 666 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0141-0229(01)00309-XCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [284] N. Misra, A.K. Gupta, J. Plant Physiol. 163, 11 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2005.02.011CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [285] L. Yang, H. Wang, Y.-g. Zu, C. Zhao, L. Zhang, X. Chen, Z. Zhang, Chem. Eng. J. 172, 705 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2011.06.039CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [286] M. Magnotta, J. Murata, J. Chen, V. De Luca, Phytochemistry 68, 1922 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.04.037CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [287] B. Zanolari, J.-L. Wolfender, D. Guilet, A. Marston, E.F. Queiroz, M.Q. Paulo, K. Hostettmann, J. Chromatogr. A, 1020, 75 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2003.08.052CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [288] L. Li, J. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Lu, Y. Wang, G. Zhou, G. Kai, Biotechnol. Bioprocess Eng. 13, 606 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12257-008-0035-2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [289] H. Hong, H.-B. Chen, D.-H. Yang, M.-Y. Shang, X. Wang, S.-Q. Cai, M. Mikage, J. Nat. Med. 65, 623 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11418-011-0528-8CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [290] X. Hu, J. Peng, Y. Huang, D. Yin, J. Liu. J. Sep. Sci. 32, 4126 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200900538CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [291] S. Li, C. He, H. Liu, K. Li, F. Liu, J. Chromatogr. B 826, 58 (2005) Google Scholar

  • [292] M. Bian, Z. Zhang, H. Yin, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 58, 163 (2012) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2011.09.026CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [293] M.A. Atemnkeng, B. Chimanuka, J. Plaizier-Vercammen, J. Clin. Pharm. Therapeut. 32, 123 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2710.2007.00797.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [294] S.E. Haas, C.C. Bettoni, L.K. de Oliveira, S.S. Guterres, T.D. Costa, Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents 34, 156 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2009.02.024CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [295] A. Cheomung, K. Na-Bangchang, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 55, 1031 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2011.03.001CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [296] X. Fu, L. Ye, L. Kang, F. Ge, Plant Cell and Environment 33, 2056 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2010.02205.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [297] X.-L. Yang, M.-B. Luo, J.-H. Ding, Chin. J. Anal. Chem. 35, 171 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2040(07)60032-2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [298] C. Chen, X. Li, J. Yang, X. Gong, B. Li, K.-Q. Zhang, Int. Biodeter. Biodegr. 62, 226 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ibiod.2008.01.012CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [299] S. El Deeb, L. Preu, H. Wätzig, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 44, 85 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2007.01.045CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [300] I.N. De Abreu, A.C.H.F. Sawaya, M.N. Eberlin, P. Mazzafera, In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. Plant 41, 806 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/IVP2005711CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [301] H. Yue, Z.-F. Pi, H.-L. Li, F.-R. Song, Z.-Q. Liu, S.-Y. Liu, Phytochem. Anal. 19, 141 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.1027CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [302] H. Yuea, Z. Pi, F. Song, Z. Liu, Z. Cai, S. Liu, Talanta 77, 1800 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2008.10.022CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [303] Y. Yanga, J. Chena, Y.-P. Shi, J. Chromatogr. B, 878, 2811 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2010.08.032CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [304] M. Zhu, F. Han, H. Chen, Z. Peng, Y. Chen, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 21, 2019 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.3057CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [305] Y. Sawabe, K. Yamasaki, T. Tagami, M. Kawaguchi, S. Taguchi, J. Nat. Med. 65, 395 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11418-010-0483-9CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [306] F. Pellati, S. Benvenuti, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 48, 254 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2007.10.034CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [307] J. Santana, K.E. Sharpless, B.C. Nelson, Food Chem. 109, 675 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.12.076CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [308] K.M. El-Azony, A.A. El-Mohty, H. M. Killa, U. Seddik, S.I. Khater, J. Label Compd. Radiopharm 52, 1 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jlcr.1556CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [309] D. Usmanov, U. Khasanov, A. Pantsirev, J. Van Bocxlaer, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 53, 1058 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2010.07.004CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [310] J. Kempf, U. Stedtler, C. Neusüß, W. Weinmann, V. Auwärter, Forensic Sci. Int. 179, e57 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2008.05.009CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [311] L. Peng, X. Song, X. Shi, J. Li, C. Ye, J. Food Composition Anal. 21, 559 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2008.05.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [312] C.V. Hoffmann, M. Lämmerhofer, W. Lindner, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 393, 1257 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-008-2557-zCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [313] D.L. Heavner, J.D. Richardson, W.T. Morgan, M.W. Ogden, Biomed. Chromatogr. 19, 312 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.463CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [314] T. Zhu, W. Bi, K.H. Row, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 118, 3425 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.32684CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [315] L. Zhang, D.M. Kujawinski, M.A. Jochmann, T.C. Schmidt, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 25, 2971 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.5069CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [316] S. Caccamese, G. Principato, R. Jokela, A. Tolvanen, D.D. Belle, Chirality 13, 691 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chir.10013CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [317] P. Selig, E. Herdtweck, T. Bach, Chem. Eur. J. 15, 3509 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.200802383CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [318] R. Lock, H. Waldmann, Clrem. Eur J. 3, 143 (1997) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.19970030122CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [319] J. Sun, A. Baker, P. Chen, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 25, 2591 (2011) CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [320] P. Kintz, M. Villain, J. Evans, M.-L. Pujol, G. Salquebre, V. Cirimele, Forensic Toxicol. 25, 49 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11419-007-0026-6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [321] J. Olšovska, M. Šulc, P. Novak, S. Pažoutova, M. Flieger, J.Chromatogr. B, 873, 165 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2008.08.004CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [322] Y. Zhou, N. Li, F. F.-K. Choi, C.-F. Qiao, J.-Z. Song, S.-L. Li, X. Liu, Z.-W. Cai, P.P. Fu, G. Lin, H.-X. Xu, Anal. Chim. Acta 681, 33 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2010.09.011CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [323] Y. Gu, D. Qian, J.-a. Duan, Z. Wang, J. Guo, Y. Tang, S. Guo, J. Sep. Sci. 33, 1004 (2010) Google Scholar

  • [324] J.-Z. Chen, Y. Xu, G.-X. Chou, C.-H. Wang, L. Yanga, Z.-T. Wang, Biomed. Chromatogr. 25, 367 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.1457CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [325] L. Tang, Y. Gong, C. Lv, L. Ye, L. Liu, Z. Liu, J. Ethnopharmacol. (2011) (doi:10.1016/j.jep.2011.08.070) (in press) CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [326] Y. F. Fan, Y. Xie, L. Liu, H. M. Ho, Y. F. Wong, Z. Q. Liu, H. Zhou, J. Ethnopharmacol. (2011) (doi:10.1016/j.jep.2011.09.005) (in press) CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [327] H. Ibrahim, J. Bouajila, N. Siri, G. Rozing, F. Nepveu, F. Couderc, J. Chromatogr. B, 850, 481 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2006.12.028CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [328] E. Deconinck, P.Y. Sacre, S. Baudewyns, P. Courselle, J. De Beer, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 56, 200 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2011.05.013CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [329] F. Marclay, E. Grata, L. Perrenoud, M. Saugy, Forensic Sci. Int. 213, 73 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2011.05.026CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [330] P. Jandera, J. Fischer, J. Jebavá, H. Effenberger, J. Chromatogr. A, 914, 233 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)01114-6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [331] M.-L. Chin-Chen, S. Carda-Broch, D. Bose, J. Esteve-Romero, Food Chem. 120, 915 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.11.003CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [332] T. Rezanka, P. Rezanka, K. Sigler, Phytochemistry 71, 301 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2009.10.016CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [333] P.K. Vuppala, S.P. Boddu, E.B. Furr, C.R. McCurdy, B.A. Avery, Chromatographia (2011) (In press) doi:10.1007/s10337-011-2128-x CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [334] C. Giroud, K. Michaud, F. Sporkert, C. Eap, M. Augsburger, P. Cardinal, P. Mangin, J Anal. Toxicol. 28, 464 (2004) CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [335] M. Nakamura, M. Ono, T. Nakajima, Y. Ito, T. Aketo, J. Haginaka, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 37, 231 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2004.10.017CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [336] J. Ouyang, X. Gao, W. R. G. Baeyens, J. R. Delanghe, Biomed. Chromatogr. 19, 266 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.448CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [337] P. E. Morgan, V. Manwaring, R. J. Flanagan, Biomed. Chromatogr. 24, 318 (2010) Google Scholar

  • [338] J.M.C. Ribeiro, N.S. Zeidner, K. Ledin, M.C. Dolan, T.N. Mather, Med. Vet. Entomol. 18, 20 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0269-283X.2003.0469.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [339] S. Yin, X.-F. He, Y. Wu, J.-M. Yue, Chem. Asian J. 3, 1824 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asia.200800021CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [340] B. Ma, C.-F. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, R. Wang, Y. Kano, D. Yuan, Helv. Chim. Acta 92, 1575 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hlca.200900021CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [341] A. Teichert, J. Schmidt, A. Porzel, N. Arnold, L. Wessjohann, Chem. Biodiv. 5, 664 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.200890062CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [342] H.-J. Krämer, M. Podobinska, A. Bartsch, A. Battmann, W. Thoma, A. Bernd, W. Kummer, B. Irlinger, W. Steglich, P. Mayser, Chem. Bio. Chem. 6, 860 (2005) Google Scholar

  • [343] H.-J. Krämer, D. Kessler, U.-C. Hipler, B. Irlinger, W. Hort, R.-H. Bçdeker, W. Steglich, P. Mayser, Chem. Bio. Chem. 6, 2290 (2005) Google Scholar

  • [344] A.T.A. Pimenta, R. Braz-Filho, P.G. Delprete, E.B. de Souza, E.R. Silveira, M.A.S. Lima, Magn. Reson. Chem. 48, 734 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mrc.2656CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [345] S.D. Sarker, A. Laird, L. Nahar, Y. Kumarasamy, M. Jaspars, Phytochemistry 57, 1273 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(01)00084-XCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [346] X.-H. Cai, H. Jiang, LI Yan, G.-G. Cheng, Y.-P. Liu, T. Feng, X.-D. Luo, Chin. J. Nat. Med. 9, 259 (2011) Google Scholar

  • [347] A. Moldes-Anaya, T. Rundberget, S. Uhlig, F. Rise, A.L. Wilkins, Toxicon 57, 259 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2010.11.020CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [348] A. Itoh, T. Tanahashi, N. Nagakura, T. Nishi, Phytochemistry 62, 359 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00541-1CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [349] H. Matsuo, R. Okamoto, K. Zaima, Y. Hirasawa, I.S. Ismail, N.H. Lajis, H. Morita, Bioorg. Med. Chem. 19, 4075 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2011.05.014CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [350] H. Kuang, S. Sun, B. Yang, Y. Xia, W. Feng, Fitoterapia 80, 35 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2008.09.007CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [351] F. Wang, Y. Fang, T. Zhu, M. Zhang, A. Lin, Q. Gu, W. Zhu, Tetrahedron 64, 7986 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tet.2008.06.013CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [352] Y. Wu, Z.-X. Zhang, H. Hu, D. Li, G. Qiu, X. Hu, X. He, Fitoterapia 82, 288 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2010.10.016CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [353] H.-S. Lee, K.-M. Yoon, Y.-R. Han, K.J. Lee, S.-C. Chung, T.-I. Kim, S.-H. Lee, J. Shin, K.-B. Oh, Bioorg.Med. Chem. Lett. 19, 1051 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2009.01.017CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [354] K. Koyama, Y. Hirasawa, K. Zaima, T.C. Hoe, K.-L. Chan, H. Morita, Bioorg. Med. Chem. 16, 6483 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2008.05.033CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [355] I. Mancini, G. Guella, H. Zibrowius, F. Pietrac, Tetrahedron 59, 8757 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tet.2003.09.038CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [356] S. Ouyang, L. Wang, Q.-W. Zhang, Gu.-C. Wang, Y. Wang, X.-J. Huang, X.-Q. Zhang, R.-W. Jiang, X.-S. Yao, C.-T. Che, W.-C. Ye, Tetrahedron 67, 4807 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tet.2011.05.026CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [357] K. Koyama, Y. Hirasawa, T. Hosoya, T. C. Hoe, K.-L. Chan, H. Morita, Bioorg. Med. Chem. 18, 4415 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2010.04.086CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [358] K. Jenett-Siems, R. Weigl, A. Böhm, P. Mann, B. Tofern-Rebli, S. C. Ott, A. Ghomian, M. Kaloga, K. Siems, L. Witte, M. Hilker, F. Müller, E. Eich, Phytochemistry 66, 1448 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.04.027CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [359] B.-Y. Yang, Y.-G. Xia, Q.-H. Wang, D.-Q. Dou, H.-X. Kuang, Fitoterapia 81, 1003 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2010.06.017CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [360] I.-S. Kim, Y.-J. Park, S.-J. Yoon, H.-B. Lee, Int. Immunopharmacol. 10, 1616 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2010.09.019CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [361] S.G. Toske, S.D. Cooper, D.R. Morello, P.A. Hays, J.F. Casale, E. Casale, J. Forensic Sci. 51, 308 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00057.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [362] J.F. Casale, S.G. Toske, P.A. Hays, J. Forensic Sci. 54, 359 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2009.00985.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [363] Y. Nishiyama, M. Moriyasu, M. Ichimaru, K. Iwasa, A. Kato, S.G. Mathenge, P.B.C. Mutiso, F.D. Juma, Phytochemistry 67, 2671 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2006.07.011CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2012-03-23

Published in Print: 2012-06-01


Citation Information: Open Chemistry, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11532-012-0037-y.

Export Citation

© 2012 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Joseph Sherma
Central European Journal of Chemistry, 2014, Volume 12, Number 4, Page 427

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in