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Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry


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Volume 10, Issue 4

Issues

Volume 13 (2015)

Extraction-spectrophotometric investigations on two ternary ion-association complexes of gallium(III)

Kirila Stojnova / Kiril Gavazov / Galya Toncheva / Vanya Lekova / Atanas Dimitrov
Published Online: 2012-05-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11532-012-0045-y

Abstract

Complex formation and liquid-liquid extraction were studied in systems containing Ga(III), azoderivative of resorcinol {4-(2-pyridylazo)resorcinol (PAR) or 4-(2-thiazolylazo)resorcinol (TAR)}, 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC), water and chloroform. The optimum conditions w.r.t. pH, extraction time, concentration of ADR and concentration of TTC for the extraction of Ga(III) as an ion-associate complex were found.. The composition of the extracted complexes, (TT+)[Ga(PAR)2] (I), (TT+)[Ga(TAR)2] (II) or (TT+)2[Ga(OH)(TAR)2] (III), and the constants of association (β) between 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium cation (TT+) with corresponding anionic chelates were established by several methods. The constants of distribution (KD) and extraction (Kex) of the principal species I and III were determined as well. The apparent molar absorptivities of the chloroform extract at the optimum extraction-spectrophotometric conditions were ɛ′510=9.5×104 L mol−1 cm−1 (I) and ɛ′530=4.6×104 L mol−1 cm−1 (III). The validity of Beer’s law was checked and analytical characteristics that were calculated are reported herein.

Keywords: Gallium; Liquid-liquid extraction; 4-(2-Pyridylazo)resorcinol; 4-(2-Thiazolylazo)resorcinol; Tetrazolium salty

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About the article

Published Online: 2012-05-29

Published in Print: 2012-08-01


Citation Information: Open Chemistry, Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 1262–1270, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11532-012-0045-y.

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© 2012 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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